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Cidaridae

Echinoidea - Cidaroida - Cidaridae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1825Cidaridae Gray
1880Cidaridae Claus
1915Cidaridae Clark and Twitchell p. 23
1920Cidaridae Kew p. 52
1938Cidaridae Grant and Hertlein p. 4
1966Cidaridae Fell p. U321
1966Cidaridae Nisiyama p. 156
1991Cidaridae Smith p. 15
1993Cidaridae Donovan p. 95
1995Cidaridae Smith p. 131
2005Cidaridae Donovan et al. p. 102
2009Cidaridae Smith
2010Cidaridae Kroh and Smith p. 170

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
Ambulacraria
phylumEchinodermata
subphylumEleutherozoa
RankNameAuthor
Echinozoa()
classEchinoidea()
subclassCidaroidea(Claus 1880)
orderCidaroida()
superfamilyCidarideaGray 1825
familyCidaridae
familyCidaridae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Fm. Cidaridae Gray 1825
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G. †Centrocidaris Agassiz 1904
+
Centrocidaris doderleini Agassiz 1898
Unr. Cidarinae Gray 1825
+
G. †Leiocidaris Desor 1855
+
Leiocidaris carolinensis Lambert and Thiery 1925
Leiocidaris cottreaui Lambert 1930
Leiocidaris hemigranosus Shumard 1860
Leiocidaris mitchelli Lambert and Thiery 1925
G. Phyllacanthus Brandt
+
Phyllacanthus clarkei Chapman and Cudmore 1934
Phyllacanthus imperialis Lamarck 1816
Phyllacanthus javanus Martin 1885
Phyllacanthus leoni Lambert and Sanchez Roig 1926
Phyllacanthus mitchelli Emmonds 1858
Phyllacanthus mortoni Conrad 1850
+
Tretocidaris dubia Clark 1907
Tretocidaris perplexa Clark 1907
G. Cidaris Leske 1778
+
Subg. †Cidaris (Bramus) de Gregorio 1930
+
Cidaris (Bramus) pirillus de Gregorio 1930
Cidaris (Bramus) simplex de Gregorio 1930
Subg. Cidaris (Cidaris) Leske 1778
Subg. †Cidaris (Protocidaris) de Gregorio 1930
+
Subg. †Cidaris (Vernius) de Gregorio 1930
+
Cidaris (Vernius) elaboratus de Gregorio 1930
Cidaris admeto Braun 1841
Cidaris alabamensis Morton 1846
Cidaris alata Agassiz 1839
Cidaris alpis Winckler 1861
Cidaris baculifera Agassiz 1839
Cidaris bechei Broderip 1835
Cidaris blandis De Gregorio 1890
Cidaris bowerbankii Forbes 1850
Cidaris branneri Arnold 1908
Cidaris californicus Clark 1893
Cidaris catenifera Agassiz 1839
Cidaris cojimarensis Lambert and Sanchez Roig 1926
Cidaris cornaliae Stoppani 1857
Cidaris cubensis Lambert 1925
Cidaris curioni Stoppani 1857
Cidaris dilleri Clark and Twitchell 1915
Cidaris dixiensis Cragin 1893
Cidaris fasciculata Klipstein 1843
Cidaris flexuosa Münster 1841
+
Invalid names: Cidaris brandis Klipstein 1843 [synonym], Cidaris mayeri Klipstein 1843 [synonym]
Cidaris fumagalli Stoppani 1865
Cidaris georgiana Clark and Twitchell 1915
Cidaris grandaeva Goldfuss 1874
Cidaris guembeli von Wöhrmann 1889
Cidaris klipsteini Desor 1848
Cidaris liagora Münster 1841
Cidaris lorenzanus Kew 1920
Cidaris loveni Cotteau 1922
Cidaris mazzettii Stefanini 1908
Cidaris merriami Arnold 1908
Cidaris modestus De Gregorio 1890
Cidaris moereus De Gregoria 1890
Cidaris mortoni Conrad 1850
Cidaris omboni Stoppani 1857
Cidaris ordinatus De Gregorio 1890
Cidaris parastadifera Schafhautl 1865
Cidaris perdubius De Gregorio 1890
Cidaris perornata Forbes 1850
Cidaris plumasensis Clark and Twitchell 1915
Cidaris pratti Clark and Twitchell 1915
Cidaris remiger Ponzi 1876
Cidaris roemeri Wissmann 1841
+
Invalid names: Cidaris globifera Klipstein 1845 [synonym], Cidaris tyrolensis Desor 1855 [objective synonym]
Cidaris schlonbachi Moesch 1867
Cidaris serrifera Forbes 1850
Cidaris shastensis Clark and Twitchell 1915
Cidaris sinaiensis Fourtau 1921
Cidaris smithi Clark and Twitchell 1915
Cidaris splendens Morton 1841
Cidaris subnobilis Münster 1841
Cidaris subnodosa von Meyer 1851
Cidaris taylorensis Clark 1893
Cidaris tehamaensis Clark and Twitchell 1915
Cidaris texanus Clark 1891
Cidaris thouarsii Valencienncs 1846
Cidaris tribuloides Lamarck 1816
Cidaris tubuloides de Lamarck 1816
Cidaris vafellus de Loriol 1888
Cidaris wahalakensis de Loriol 1887
Invalid names: Calocidaris Clark 1907 [synonym], Cidarites Lamarck 1816 [synonym]
G. Dorocidaris Agassiz 1869
+
Dorocidaris abyssicola Agassiz 1869
Dorocidaris rugosa Clark 1907
Subfm. Goniocidarinae Mortensen 1928
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G. Austrocidaris Clark 1907
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G. Goniocidaris Desor, in Agassiz & Desor 1846
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Goniocidaris murrayensis Chapman and Cudmore 1934
Goniocidaris noetlingi Roman 1976
G. Ogmocidaris Mortensen 1921
G. Psilocidaris Mortensen 1927
G. Rhopalocidaris Mortensen 1927
G. Schizocidaris Mortensen 1903
G. †Hesperocidaris Mortensen 1928
+
Hesperocidaris panamensis Agassiz 1898
G. Prionocidaris Agassiz 1863
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Prionocidaris avenionensis Des Moulins 1837
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Invalid names: Cidaris verticillum Mazzetti and Pantanelli 1885 [synonym]
Prionocidaris baculosa Lamarck 1816
Prionocidaris bispinosa Lamarck 1816
Prionocidaris emiratus Smith 1995
Prionocidaris morgani Gauthier 1902
Subfm. Rhabdocidarinae Lambert 1900
+
+
Porocidaris lopezi Sanchez-Roig 1953
Porocidaris prior Oppenheim 1902
Porocidaris schmideli Münster 1833
Subfm. Stereocidarinae Lambert 1900
+
G. †Desoricidaris Geys 1992
+
Desoricidaris pouyannei Cotteau 1863
+
Eucidaris metularia Lamarck 1816
Eucidaris zeamays Sismonda 1842
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Invalid names: Cidaris fragilis Airaghi 1901 [synonym]
G. †Finnacidaris Lambert 1937
G. Goniocidarina Mortensen 1928
G. †Phalacrocidaris Lambert 1902
+
+
Invalid names: Rhabdocidaris brasiliensis Maury 1936 [synonym], Rhabdocidaris capelloi de Loriol 1887 [synonym]
Phalacrocidaris japonica Doderlein 1885
Invalid names: Anomocidaris Agassiz and Clark 1907 [synonym]
G. †Sinaecidaris Fourtau 1921
+
Sinaecidaris gauthieri Fourtau 1921
G. Temnocidaris Cotteau 1863
+
+
Stereocidaris grandis Doderlein 1885
+
Invalid names: Dorocidaris taouzensis Lambert 1933 [synonym]
Invalid names: Typocidaris Pomel 1883 [synonym]
Temnocidaris baylei Cotteau 1863
Temnocidaris danica Desor 1855
Subfm. Stylocidarinae Mortensen 1928
+
+
Balanocidaris japonica Nisiyama 1966
+
Firmacidaris neumayri Nisiyama 1966
G. †Triassicidaris Smith 1994
+
Triassicidaris ampezzana Zardini 1978
Invalid names: Cidarini Gray 1825 [empty], Phyllacanthina Smith and Wright 1989 [empty]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: high Mg calciteo
Ontogeny: accretion, addition of partsp
Environment: marineo
Locomotion: slow-movingo
Life habit: low-level epifaunalo
Diet: grazero
Diet 2: omnivoreo
Vision: limitedc
Dispersal: watero
Dispersal 2: planktonico
Created: 2004-02-28 12:08:25
Modified: 2009-12-13 03:42:21
Source: o = order, c = class, p = phylum
References: Kiessling 2004, Aberhan 1992

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Wordian to the top of the Holocene or 266.90000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 264.28 Ma

Collections (588 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Wordian266.9 - 264.28Italy Cidaris bencontestus, Cidaris pirillus, Cidaris elaboratus, Cidaris simplex (233340)
Triassic251.902 - 201.4Hungary (Bakony) Cidaris alata, Cidaris fasciculata (56068)
Aegean247.2 - 242.0France (Bas-Rhin) Cidaris grandaeva (206486 206488)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Poland Cidaris grandavea, Cidaris subnobilis (63538)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Germany (Thuringia) Cidaris grandaeva (212635)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Hungary (northeastern Hungary) Cidaris roemeri, Cidaris gladius, Cidaris palaformis, Cidaris batheri, Cidaris aggtelekensis, Cidaris serraedentata, Cidaris adunca, Cidaris longispina, Cidaris alutensis (56801)
Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Italy Cidaridae indet. (175097 230244) Cidaris roemeri (175096)
Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Cidaris sp. (67647)
Pelsonian247.2 - 242.0Germany Cidaris grandaeva (34703)
Pelsonian247.2 - 242.0Italy (Vicentin) Cidaris lanceolata, Cidaris grandaeva (87260)
Pelsonian - Illyrian247.2 - 242.0China (Guizhou) Cidaris bangtoupoensis, Cidaris fangchui, Cidaris gu, Cidaris lineola, Cidaris venustespinosa (31631 31632) Cidaris bangtoupoensis, Cidaris fangchui, Cidaris gu, Cidaris lineola, Cidaris wachanpoensis (31628) Cidaris bangtoupoensis, Cidaris lineola (31627) Cidaris bangtoupoensis, Cidaris lineola, Cidaris venustespinosa (31619 31625) Cidaris bangtoupoensis, Cidaris lineola, Cidaris venustespinosa, Cidaris wachangpoensis (31623) Cidaris lineola (31611 31612 31613 31616 31617) Cidaris lineola, Cidaris venustespinosa (31622 31624) Cidaris wachangpoensis (31629)
Middle Triassic247.2 - 237.0Germany (Sachsen-Anhalt) Cidaris subnodosa (201970)
Middle Triassic247.2 - 237.0Italy (Trento) Cidaris sp. (202272)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Svalbard and Jan Mayen Cidaris sp. (212183 212198)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Germany Cidaris sp. (67652)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Spain Cidaris longispina, Cidaris roemeri (73477)
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0Italy (Trentino) Cidaris sp., Cidaris trigonia, Cidaris alata, Cidaris roemeri, Cidaris klipsteini (44953)
Ladinian - Carnian242.0 - 228.0Italy (Trento) Cidaris sp. (202270)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Bosnia and Herzegovina Cidaris sp. (203564)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0USA (California) Cidaris sp. (144374)