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Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Muricidae

Morula was named by Schumacher (1817) [Sepkoski's age data: T Eo R]. It is extant.

It was reranked as Drupa (Morula) by Ladd (1977) and Ladd (1982).

It was assigned to Drupa by Ladd (1977) and Ladd (1982); to Thaidinae by Wilson (1994); to Muricidae by Todd (2001); and to Neogastropoda by Sepkoski (2002).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1817Morula Schumacher
1977Drupa (Morula) Ladd p. 40
1982Drupa (Morula) Ladd p. 42
1994Morula Wilson p. 43
2001Morula Todd
2002Morula Sepkoski, Jr.

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EubilateriaAx 1987
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
subclassProsobranchiaMilne-Edwards 1848
superorderCaenogastropodaCox 1959
orderNeogastropodaThiele 1929
superfamilyMuricoideade Costa 1776
familyMuricidaeRafinesque 1815
genusMorulaSchumacher 1817

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitec
Locomotion: actively mobilef
Life habit: epifaunalf
Diet: carnivoref
Vision: limitedc
Created: 2009-09-10 08:22:24
Modified: 2009-09-10 10:22:24
Source: f = family, c = class
References: Kiessling 2004, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Aquitanian to the top of the Holocene or 23.03000 to 0.00000 Ma

Collections (26 total)

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44France M. bellardii (74861)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Poland (Holy Cross Mountains) M. sp., M. valdemari (38823)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Indonesia (Kalimantan) Drupa angsanana (42224)
Early/Lower Pliocene5.333 - 3.6Venezuela (Sucre) Drupa gilbertharrisi (41545)
Early/Lower Pliocene5.333 - 3.6New Zealand (Auckland) Neothais lassa (45259)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Indonesia (Kalimantan Timur) Drupa concatenata (46490)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588Venezuela M. didyma, M. sp. (131210)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Venezuela (Sucre) Drupa nodulosa (41556)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Fiji M. margariticola (94832)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Pakistan M. sp. (55402)
Quaternary2.588 - 0.0USA (California) M. lugubris (37933 37940)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126USA (Hawaii) M. sp. 1, M. sp. 3, M. sp. 4 (96682)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Vanuatu Drupa granulata (78043)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117Mexico (Baja California) M. lugubris (89573 194399 194406 194407 194415)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Australia (Western Australia) M. fiscella (63351)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Portugal (Azores) M. nodulosa (89618 128470)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Seychelles M. granulata (107991)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (California) M. lugubris (96589)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Marshall Islands Drupa concatenata (43321)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Marshall Islands Drupa concatenata (43306)