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Zonophyllum

Anthozoa - Cystiphyllida - Cystiphyllidae

Taxonomy
Cystiphyllum (Zonophyllum) was named by Wedekind (1924) [Sepkoski's age data: D l D Give Sepkoski's reference number: 1240]. It is not extant.

It was reranked as Zonophyllum by Hill (1956), Sepkoski (2002) and Pedder (2004).

It was assigned to Zonophyllinae by Hill (1956); to Cystiphyllum by Wedekind (1924) and Hill (1981); to Rugosa by Sepkoski (2002); and to Cystiphyllidae by Pedder (2004).

Subtaxa
Species lacking formal opinion data

View classification of included taxa

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1924Cystiphyllum (Zonophyllum) Wedekind
1956Zonophyllum Hill
1981Cystiphyllum (Zonophyllum) Hill
2002Zonophyllum Sepkoski, Jr.
2004Zonophyllum Pedder p. 847

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Neuralia
phylumCnidariaHatschek 1888
classAnthozoaEhrenberg 1834
RankNameAuthor
subclassRugosa(Milne-Edwards and Haime 1850)
orderCystiphyllidaNicholson 1889
familyCystiphyllidaeMilne-Edwards and Haime 1850
genusZonophyllum(Wedekind 1924)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: low Mg calciteo
Locomotion: stationaryo
Attached: yeso
Life habit: epifaunalo
Diet: suspension feedero
Vision: blindc
Created: 2004-02-27 16:55:09
Modified: 2004-02-28 16:53:57
Source: o = order, c = class
Reference: Kiessling 2004

Age range: base of the Early/Lower Emsian to the top of the Givetian or 409.10000 to 382.70000 Ma

Collections (29 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Pragian410.8 - 407.6USA (Alaska) Z. sp. (100292)
Pragian410.8 - 407.6Russian Federation (Arkhangel'skaya Oblast') Z. dierectum (40700) Z. polaricum (40701)
Early/Lower Emsian409.1 - 402.5Russian Federation (Arkhangel'skaya Oblast') Z. parvum (40703)
Early/Lower Emsian409.1 - 402.5USA (Nevada) Z. lonense (90940 90941 90942 90945 90947) Z. robertsense (90929 90944 90954) Z. sp. (90937)
Emsian407.6 - 393.3USA (Nevada) Z. lonense (90930 90934)
Late/Upper Emsian402.5 - 391.9Russian Federation Z. caducum (35718)
Late/Upper Emsian402.5 - 391.9China (Guangxi) Z. simplex, Z. crassimarginatum (4813)
Eifelian393.3 - 387.7Canada (Nunavut) Z. solidum (26596)
Eifelian393.3 - 387.7Canada (British Columbia) Z. petilum (84250)
Eifelian393.3 - 387.7Canada (Northwest Territories) Z. petilum (55468 55485 84256)
Eifelian - Givetian393.3 - 382.7Australia (Queensland) Z. kwangsiense (80374)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7Australia (Queensland) Z. kwangsiense (80377)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7Russian Federation (Arkhangel'skaya Oblast') Z. longispinosum (40711)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7Canada (Northwest Territories) Z. sp. (84236) Z. spinosum (84239 84240)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7Morocco Z. maderense, Z. sp. (74491)