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Phyllonotus

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Muricidae

Taxonomy
Phyllonotus was named by Swainson (1830) [Sepkoski's age data: T Eo-m-u R Sepkoski's reference number: 700]. It is extant. Its type is Murex imperialis.

It was reranked as Murex (Phyllonotus) by Maury (1917) and Gardner (1948); it was reranked as Chicoreus (Phyllonotus) by Vokes (1989) and Todd (2001); it was reranked as Hexaplex (Phyllonotus) by Harzhauser (2002).

It was assigned to Murex by Maury (1917) and Gardner (1948); to Chicoreus by Vokes (1989) and Todd (2001); to Neogastropoda by Sepkoski (2002); to Hexaplex by Harzhauser (2002); and to Muricinae by DeVries (2005).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1830Phyllonotus Swainson figs. pl. 100
1917Murex (Phyllonotus) Maury p. 103
1948Murex (Phyllonotus) Gardner p. 218
1989Chicoreus (Phyllonotus) Vokes p. 38
2001Chicoreus (Phyllonotus) Todd
2002Hexaplex (Phyllonotus) Harzhauser p. 94
2002Phyllonotus Sepkoski, Jr.
2005Phyllonotus DeVries p. 288

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
RankNameAuthor
subclassProsobranchiaMilne-Edwards 1848
superorderCaenogastropodaCox 1959
orderNeogastropodaThiele 1929
superfamilyMuricoideade Costa 1776
familyMuricidaeRafinesque 1815
subfamilyMuricinaeda Costa 1776
genusPhyllonotusSwainson 1830

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitec
Locomotion: actively mobilef
Life habit: epifaunalf
Diet: carnivoref
Vision: limitedc
Created: 2009-09-10 08:22:24
Modified: 2009-09-10 10:22:24
Source: f = family, c = class
References: Kiessling 2004, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Early/Lower Oligocene to the top of the Late/Upper Pleistocene or 33.90000 to 0.01170 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 28.4 Ma

Collections (76 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Japan P. ashiyaensis (70764 70765)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1USA (Mississippi) Chicoreus mississippiensis (177590)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03USA (North Carolina) Chicoreus davisi (111195)
Chattian - Aquitanian28.1 - 20.44USA (Florida) Chicoreus trophoniformis, Chicoreus tritonopsis (111194)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Austria Hexaplex pomiformis (77622 77624)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97USA (New Jersey) Chicoreus millvillensis (111197)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Dominican Republic Chicoreus infrequens (92450)
Early/Lower Miocene - Middle Miocene23.03 - 11.608Peru P. sp. (80528)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Dominican Republic Chicoreus infrequens (74958)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Haiti Chicoreus aldrichi (92454)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Romania Murex pomiformis (86875)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Poland (Holy Cross Mountains) Hexaplex pomiformis (38823)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Panama Chicoreus sp. (136016)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Dominican Republic Chicoreus pomatus (111205)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Trinidad and Tobago Murex pomum (60637)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Dominican Republic Chicoreus pomatus (93716 131478 131494 131645 131661 131662)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Panama (Bocas del Toro) Chicoreus sp. (135816)
Messinian - Zanclean7.246 - 3.6Dominican Republic Chicoreus pomatus (75036) Chicoreus sp. (75038)
Early/Lower Pliocene5.333 - 3.6Venezuela (Sucre) Murex pomum (41541 41543 41545 41554)
Early/Lower Pliocene5.333 - 3.6Dominican Republic Murex praepauxillus (58821)
Early/Lower Pliocene5.333 - 3.6Ecuador Chicoreus sp., Chicoreus globosus (41757)
Early/Lower Pliocene5.333 - 3.6Venezuela Chicoreus pomum (96486)
Early/Lower Pliocene5.333 - 3.6Trinidad and Tobago Murex pomum (60415)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Dominican Republic Chicoreus pomatus (74968 74970) Chicoreus pomum (74965)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Ecuador (Manabi) P. brassica (51886)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588USA (California) Chicoreus hippocastanum (96885)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Costa Rica P. brassica (66791)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Indonesia (Kalimantan Timur) Murex rutteni (46490)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117USA (Florida) Murex pomum (41749)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588Mexico (Veracruz) Chicoreus pomum (96440)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588USA (Florida) P. globosus (79959) P. leonensis (79960)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588Venezuela Chicoreus margaritensis (131210 131237)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588Costa Rica Chicoreus pomum (96519)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588Jamaica Murex pomum (58522)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Panama (Bocas del Toro) Chicoreus sp. (79998)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Panama (Bocas) Chicoreus sp. (80000)
Late/Upper Pliocene - Early/Lower Pleistocene3.6 - 0.781USA (Florida) P. evergladesensis (79804)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Panama Murex pomum (80304)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781USA (Florida) Chicoreus pomum (35025) Murex pomum (41501 41539 79331) P. labelleensis (79805) P. martinshugari (79782) P. pomum (61309)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781USA (North Carolina) Murex pomum (59316)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Costa Rica P. radix (66777)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Haiti Murex pomum (60892)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Dominican Republic Murex pomum (75422 75423)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Cuba Murex pomum (66775)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781USA (Florida) Murex pomum (41705)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126USA (Florida) Chicoreus pomum (35031) P. pomum (61310)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Ecuador P. princeps, P. regius (96867)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Florida) P. pomum (61311 96538)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (South Carolina) Murex pomum (66757 66758)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (California) P. radix (96589)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Mexico P. nitidus (147802)