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Stephanorhinus etruscus

Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae

Taxonomy
Rhinoceros etruscus was named by Falconer (1868).

It was recombined as Dicerorhinus etruscus by Loose (1975); it was recombined as Stephanorhinus etruscus by Antoine and Saraç (2005), Symeonidis et al. (2006) and Deng et al. (2011).

Sister species lacking formal opinion data

View classification of included taxa

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1868Rhinoceros etruscus Falconer
1922Rhinoceros etruscus Osborn p. 437
1975Dicerorhinus etruscus Loose
2005Stephanorhinus etruscus Antoine and Saraç p. 615
2006Stephanorhinus etruscus Symeonidis et al.
2011Stephanorhinus etruscus Deng et al. p. 1287

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
RankNameAuthor
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
orderPerissodactyla()
Tapiromorpha(Haeckel 1873)
Ceratomorpha(Wood 1937)
superfamilyRhinocerotoidea
familyRhinocerotidae
subfamilyRhinocerotinae
tribeRhinocerotini
genusStephanorhinusKretzoi 1942
speciesetruscus(Falconer 1868)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingf
Diet: browserf
Created: 2005-06-08 10:11:09
Modified: 2005-08-31 17:08:31
Source: f = family, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Nowak 1991, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002

Age range: base of the Villanyian to the top of the Middle Pleistocene or 3.20000 to 0.12600 Ma

Collections (113 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Spain (La Rioja) Dicerorhinus etruscus (38892)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Russian Federation (Rostovskaya Oblast') Dicerorhinus etruscus (39409)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Romania Dicerorhinus etruscus (39685 39845 40125) Stephanorhinus etruscus (39683)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Spain (Albacete) Dicerorhinus etruscus (40564)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Tajikistan Dicerorhinus etruscus (34396) Dicerorhinus sp. (34395)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Armenia Rhinoceros etruscus (56729)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117France (Midi-Pyrenees) Dicerorhinus etruscus (35076)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Spain (Granada) Dicerorhinus etruscus (40986)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117France Dicerorhinus etruscus (44231)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Italy (Umbria) Stephanorhinus etruscus (51684)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117France (Auvergne) Dicerorhinus etruscus (47805)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Italy (Tuscany) Stephanorhinus etruscus (49240)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Spain (Andalucia) Dicerorhinus etruscus (35038)
MN 163.2 - 2.588France Dicerorhinus etruscus (47100)
Villanyian3.2 - 2.588Greece Stephanorhinus etruscus (34592)
Villanyian3.2 - 2.588Hungary (Fejer) Dicerorhinus etruscus (35380) Stephanorhinus etruscus (35374)
Villanyian3.2 - 2.588Hungary (Barany) Stephanorhinus etruscus (35369)
Villanyian - Pleistocene3.2 - 0.0117Greece (Macedonia) Stephanorhinus etruscus (34762 34764)
MN 172.588 - 1.806Italy (Lazio) Dicerorhinus etruscus (49414)
MN 172.588 - 1.806France (Haute-Loire) Dicerorhinus etruscus (47133)
MN 172.588 - 1.806Italy (Perugia) Stephanorhinus etruscus (49260)
MN 172.588 - 1.806Spain (Teruel) Dicerorhinus etruscus (36112)
MN 172.588 - 1.806France (Auvergne) Dicerorhinus etruscus (47131 47188) Rhinoceros etruscus (47624)
MN 172.588 - 1.806France Dicerorhinus etruscus (47132)
MN 172.588 - 1.806Italy (Tuscany) Stephanorhinus etruscus (49254)
MN 172.588 - 1.806France (Rhone-Alpes) Dicerorhinus etruscus (47150)
MN 172.588 - 1.806France (Auvergne Region) Dicerorhinus etruscus (32106) Rhinoceros etruscus (32105)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Netherlands Stephanorhinus etruscus (189574)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Italy (Tuscany) Dicerorhinus etruscus (44146 51778)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Romania Dicerorhinus etruscus (33974 33975 34009 39866 40257)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Greece (Lesvos) Stephanorhinus etruscus (183344)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Spain (Granada) Dicerorhinus etruscus (34898) Stephanorhinus etruscus (34943)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781France (Auvergne) Dicerorhinus etruscus (42241 47829 47830 47831) Rhinoceros etruscus (47828)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Hungary (Barany) Rhinoceros etruscus (35457)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Germany (Rheinland-Pfalz) Stephanorhinus etruscus (50000)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Russian Federation (Kouban) Dicerorhinus etruscus (40397)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Germany (Baden-Wuerttemberg) Dicerorhinus etruscus (50274)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Spain (Castilla-Leon) Stephanorhinus etruscus (34916)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Georgia Dicerorhinus etruscus (56733) Stephanorhinus etruscus (40401)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Italy (Foggia) Dicerorhinus etruscus (40994 41006 41007)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781France (Alpes Maritimes) Rhinoceros etruscus (50342)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Greece (Macedonia) Stephanorhinus etruscus (195881)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Spain (Murcia) Dicerorhinus etruscus (34911)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Spain (Catalonia) Dicerorhinus etruscus (49212)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Croatia (Istria) Dicerorhinus etruscus (40500)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Hungary (Borsodabaujzemplen) Dicerorhinus etruscus (35431)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781United Kingdom (England) Rhinoceros etruscus (77750 77751)
Gelasian - Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Spain (Granada) Stephanorhinus etruscus (77773)
Early/Lower Pleistocene - Middle Pleistocene2.588 - 0.126Czech Republic Stephanorhinus etruscus (35907)
Early/Lower Pleistocene - Middle Pleistocene2.588 - 0.126United Kingdom (England) Dicerorhinus etruscus (49997)
Early/Lower Pleistocene - Middle Pleistocene2.588 - 0.126Greece (Lakonia) Stephanorhinus etruscus (195310)
Early/Lower Pleistocene - Middle Pleistocene2.588 - 0.126Spain (Asturias) Dicerorhinus etruscus (49211)
Early/Lower Pleistocene - Middle Pleistocene2.588 - 0.126Spain (Granada) Dicerorhinus etruscus (35078)
Early/Lower Pleistocene - Middle Pleistocene2.588 - 0.126Italy (Basilicata) Dicerorhinus etruscus (50466)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Georgia Dicerorhinus etruscus (40398)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Germany (Bayern) Dicerorhinus etruscus (48555)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Croatia Dicerorhinus etruscus (40502)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Israel Stephanorhinus etruscus (37024 37026)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117France (Cote d'Or) Dicerorhinus etruscus (49085)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Spain (Castilla-Leon) Stephanorhinus etruscus (34872 34920)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Italy (Toscana) Rhinoceros etruscus (36373)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117France Dicerorhinus etruscus (34459)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Belgium Dicerorhinus etruscus (34127)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Hungary (Fejer) Dicerorhinus etruscus (35475)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Germany (Thuringia) Stephanorhinus etruscus (22728)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Netherlands Stephanorhinus etruscus (65174)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Belgium (Antwerpen) Rhinoceros etruscus (89537)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Greece (Peloponnisos) Stephanorhinus etruscus (34809)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781Spain (Castilla-Leon) Stephanorhinus etruscus (34870)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Spain (Granada) Dicerorhinus etruscus (34848)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Netherlands Dicerorhinus etruscus (109704)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Germany (Bayern) Stephanorhinus etruscus (36220)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126France Dicerorhinus etruscus (42673)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126United Kingdom (England) Rhinoceros etruscus (77754 78010)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126United Kingdom (Norfolk) Rhinoceros etruscus (49816)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Hungary (Budapest) Dicerorhinus etruscus (35474)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Czech Republic Stephanorhinus etruscus (36219)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Germany (Sachsen-Anhalt) Stephanorhinus etruscus (36206)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Spain (Castilla-Leon) Stephanorhinus etruscus (34925)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Italy (Trieste) Dicerorhinus etruscus (43704)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126France (Pas de Calais) Rhinoceros etruscus (49087)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Spain (La Rioja) Stephanorhinus etruscus (189976)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Germany (Rheinland-Pfalz) Dicerorhinus etruscus (49999) Stephanorhinus etruscus (50196 50198)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Romania Dicerorhinus etruscus (40258 40259)