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Pugilina

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Melongenidae

Taxonomy
Pugilina was named by Schumacher (1817) [Sepkoski's age data: T Than R Sepkoski's reference number: 614]. It is extant. Its type is Murex morio.

It was reranked as Melongena (Pugilina) by Vredenburg (1923), Oostingh (1935) and Mukerjee (1939); it was reranked as Volema (Pugilina) by Eames (1952).

It was assigned to Melongena by Vredenburg (1923), Oostingh (1935) and Mukerjee (1939); to Volema by Eames (1952); to Melongeniinae by Wilson (1994); to Neogastropoda by Sepkoski (2002); and to Melongenidae by Ladd (1977) and Harzhauser et al. (2009).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1817Pugilina Schumacher
1923Melongena (Pugilina) Vredenburg p. 64
1935Melongena (Pugilina) Oostingh p. 84
1939Melongena (Pugilina) Mukerjee p. 64
1952Volema (Pugilina) Eames p. 98
1977Pugilina Ladd p. 51
1994Pugilina Wilson p. 75
2002Pugilina Sepkoski, Jr.
2009Pugilina Harzhauser et al. p. 351

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
Schizocoela
phylumMollusca
RankNameAuthor
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
subclassProsobranchiaMilne-Edwards 1848
superorderCaenogastropodaCox 1959
orderNeogastropodaThiele 1929
superfamilyBuccinoidea(Rafinesque 1815)
familyMelongenidaeGill 1867
genusPugilinaSchumacher 1817

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available