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Rapana

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Muricidae

Taxonomy
Rapana was named by Schumacher (1817) [Sepkoski's age data: T Mi R Sepkoski's reference number: 614]. It is extant.

It was assigned to Rapaninae by MacNeil (1960); to Thaidinae by Wilson (1994); and to Neogastropoda by Sepkoski (2002).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1817Rapana Schumacher
1960Rapana MacNeil p. 62
1994Rapana Wilson p. 46
2002Rapana Sepkoski, Jr.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
RankNameAuthor
subclassProsobranchiaMilne-Edwards 1848
superorderCaenogastropodaCox 1959
orderNeogastropodaThiele 1929
superfamilyMuricoideade Costa 1776
familyMuricidaeRafinesque 1815
subfamilyRapaninaeGray 1853
genusRapanaSchumacher 1817

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitec
Locomotion: actively mobilef
Life habit: epifaunalf
Diet: carnivoref
Vision: limitedc
Created: 2009-09-10 08:22:24
Modified: 2009-09-10 10:22:24
Source: f = family, c = class
References: Kiessling 2004, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Selandian to the top of the Holocene or 61.60000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 59.2 Ma

Collections (56 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Selandian61.6 - 59.2Nigeria R. ewekoroensis (7791)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03USA (California) R. vaquerosensis (52381 52384 52388 52389 52393 52394 52395 52396 52400 52401 52403 52406 52408 52415 52417)
Chattian - Aquitanian28.1 - 20.44USA (Georgia) R. vaughani (61130)
Chattian - Aquitanian28.1 - 20.44USA (Florida) R. vaughani (60985 61070 61111)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Mexico (Baja California Sur) R. imperialis (43810 96567) R. vaquerosensis (43811 43812)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97USA (California) R. vaquerosensis (71215 71222 71223 71226 71228 71231 91374 94816 94857 94859 94861)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Mexico (Baja California) R. vaquerosensis (52181)
Middle Miocene - Late/Upper Miocene15.97 - 5.333Pakistan R. sp. (55397)
Barstovian - Hemphillian15.97 - 4.9Mexico (Baja California Sur) R. vaquerosensis (18731)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Pakistan R. bulbosa (77135)
Early/Lower Pliocene5.333 - 3.6Iran R. mekranica (79071)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Pakistan R. bulbosa (55399) R. sp. (55400) R. sp., R. bulbosa (55398)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Japan (Okinawa) R. sp. (42358)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Taiwan R. thomasiana (96255 96258)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Japan R. thomsoni (62301)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Japan R. thomasiana (96946 96969 96970 97028 97029)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Japan R. thomasiana (96943 96944) R. venosa (97961)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Japan R. bezoar (51310)