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Crassostrea gryphoides

Bivalvia - Ostreida - Ostreidae

Taxonomy
Ostracites gryphoides was named by Schlotheim (1813) [DISTRIBUTION: Middle Miocene; Mediterranean, Iran.]. It is not a trace fossil.

It was recombined as Ostrea (Crassostrea) gryphoides by Cox (1936); it was recombined as Ostrea gryphoides by Azzaroli (1958); it was recombined as Crassostrea gryphoides by El-Hedeny (2005).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1813Ostracites gryphoides Schlotheim
1936Ostrea (Crassostrea) gryphoides Cox p. 48
1958Ostrea gryphoides Azzaroli p. 108
2005Crassostrea gryphoides El-Hedeny p. 723

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
classBivalvia
Eubivalvia
subclassAutobranchia(Groblen 1894)
infraclassPteriomorphia(Beurlen 1944)
RankNameAuthor
OstreomorphiFerussac 1822
OstreioniFerussac 1822
OstreataFerussac 1822
superorderOstreiformiiFerussac 1822
orderOstreida(FĂ«russac 1822)
suborderOstreidina(Ferussac 1822)
superfamilyOstreoidea(Rafinesque 1815)
familyOstreidaeRafinesque 1815
genusCrassostreaSacco 1897
speciesgryphoides(Schlotheim 1813)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: low Mg calcitef
Environment: hypersaline, marine, brackishf
Locomotion: stationaryg
Attached: yesg
Life habit: epifaunalg
Diet: suspension feederg
Vision: blindc
Created: 2009-08-18 17:09:48
Modified: 2009-08-18 19:09:48
Source: g = genus, f = family, c = class
References: Kiessling 2003, Aberhan et al. 2004, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Early/Lower Oligocene to the top of the Holocene or 33.90000 to 0.00000 Ma

Collections (25 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Libya Crassostrea gryphoides (42141 42142)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Libya Crassostrea gryphoides (77253)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Austria Crassostrea gryphoides (65161 77403 77405)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Germany Crassostrea gryphoides (164945)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82France (Aquitaine Region) Crassostrea gryphoides (31316 31326)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Somalia Ostrea gryphoides (78945 78946 78948 78950 79051)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Poland Crassostrea gryphoides (51687)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Egypt Crassostrea gryphoides (78613)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Greece Gryphaea gryphoides (72305)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Poland Crassostrea gryphoides (70683)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Madagascar Ostrea gryphoides (51586)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Greece Gryphaea gryphoides (72310)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Israel Ostrea gryphoides (99605)
Early/Lower Pliocene5.333 - 3.6Iran Ostrea gryphoides (79071)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Pakistan Ostrea gryphoides (77295)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588South Africa Ostrea gryphoides (77527)
Pleistocene - Holocene2.588 - 0.0Yemen Ostrea gryphoides (55379)