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Zygospiraella

Rhynchonellata - Atrypida

Taxonomy
Zygospiraella was named by Nikiforova (1961).

It was assigned to Atrypidae by Copper (1982); to Atrypinae by Williams et al. (2002); to Atrypida by Sepkoski (2002); and to Protatrypinae by Baarli et al. (2022).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1961Zygospiraella Nikiforova
1982Zygospiraella Copper
2002Megumatrypa Sepkoski
2002Zygospirella Sepkoski
2002Zygospiraella Williams et al. p. 1400
2022Zygospiraella Baarli et al. pp. 2145920-10

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
Lophophorata
RankNameAuthor
PanbrachiopodaCarlson and Cohen 2020
phylumBrachiopodaCuvier 1805
subphylumRhynchonelliformeaWilliams et al. 1996
classRhynchonellataWilliams et al. 1996
orderAtrypidaRzhonsnitskaya 1960
subfamilyProtatrypinae
genusZygospiraellaNikiforova 1961

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

G. †Zygospiraella Nikiforova 1961
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Zygospiraella duboisi Verneuil 1845
Zygospiraella venusta Rong and Yang 1981
Invalid names: Megumatrypa [synonym]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
partNmean
height14.72

Composition: low Mg calcitep
Entire body: yesg
Adult length: 1.0 to < 10g
Adult width: 1.0 to < 10g
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10g
Folds: noneg
Ribbing: minorg
Spines: noneg
Internal reinforcement: noneg
Environment: marineuc
Locomotion: stationaryg
Attached: yesg
Epibiont: yesg
Life habit: epifaunalg
Diet: suspension feederg
Vision: blindc
Comments: LIFE HISTORY: Attached, epifaunal suspension feeder, attached to other brachiopods (McKerrow, 1979). BODY SIZE: Data from Williams et al (2002).g
Created: 2009-04-13 10:42:49
Modified: 2009-06-03 11:16:16
Source: g = genus, c = class, p = phylum, uc = unranked clade
References: Hendy et al. 2009, Nesnidal et al. 2013, Aberhan et al. 2004

Age range: base of the Silurian to the top of the Niagaran or 443.80000 to 421.30000 Ma

Collections (76 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Ashgill449.5 - 443.7Canada (Québec) Z. sp. (24586)
Silurian443.8 - 419.2USA (California) Atrypa duboisi (229257)
Rhuddanian443.4 - 440.8China (Guizhou) Z. venusta (151953 151956 151957 151960 151961)
Rhuddanian443.4 - 440.8Kazakhstan (South Central) Z. duboisi (151925 151927 151928 151930 151931)
Rhuddanian443.4 - 440.8Russian Federation Z. sp. (152991)
Rhuddanian443.4 - 440.8Canada (Quebec) Z. sp. (113165 158624)
Rhuddanian443.4 - 440.8Norway Z. duboisi (14322)
Juuru443.4 - 439.0Estonia (Rapla) Z. duboisi (206915)
Juuru443.4 - 439.0Estonia (Hiiu) Z. duboisi (195420 206927)
Juuru443.4 - 439.0Estonia (Järva) Z. duboisi (193824 206910)
Juuru443.4 - 439.0Estonia Z. duboisi (174162 174163 193729 195423 206881 206886)
Juuru443.4 - 439.0Estonia (Jõgeva) Z. duboisi (197467 206933)
Juuru443.4 - 439.0Estonia (Lääne) Z. duboisi (193730 195635 195636)
Juuru443.4 - 439.0Estonia (Viljandi) Z. duboisi (193804 206909 206919)
Rhuddanian - Aeronian443.4 - 438.5Russian Federation (Siberia) Z. duboisi (206465) Z. planoconvexa, Z. duboisi (206484 206542 206543 206560)
Alexandrian443.4 - 436.0Canada (Québec) Z. planoconvexa (24398 24400 24401 24404 24405 24406 24407 24448) Z. sp. (24587 25154)
Llandovery443.4 - 433.4United Kingdom (England) Zygospirella sp. (509)
Llandovery443.4 - 433.4Canada (Ontario) Z. planoconvexa (508)
Llandovery443.4 - 433.4Russian Federation (Siberia) Zygospira duboisi (206306 206317 206319)
Llandovery443.4 - 433.4China (Guizhou) Z. sp. (25846 25869) Z. venusta (27898)
Llandovery443.4 - 433.4China (Hubei) Z. sp. (25793)
Alexandrian - Niagaran443.4 - 421.3Canada (Québec) Z. sp. (25155)
Raikkula440.8 - 438.8Estonia (Viljandi) Z. duboisi (193663)
Raikkula440.8 - 438.8Estonia Z. duboisi (206959)
Aeronian440.8 - 438.5China (Yunnan) Z. sp. (27849)
Aeronian440.8 - 438.5China (Hubei) Z. sp. (27813)
Aeronian440.8 - 438.5China (Guizhou) Z. sp. (27835) Z. venusta (27847)
Aeronian - Telychian440.8 - 433.4China (Yunnan) Z. sp. (27837)
Adavere439.0 - 428.2Estonia (Järva) Z. duboisi (206947)
Telychian438.5 - 433.4China (Yunnan) Z. sp. (27850)
Telychian438.5 - 433.4Russian Federation (Severnaya Zemlya) Z. sp. (85024)
Telychian438.5 - 433.4China (Hubei) Z. crassicosta (27779) Z. sp. (27841)
Telychian438.5 - 433.4China (Anhui) Z. sp. (27737)
Telychian438.5 - 433.4China Z. sp. (27773)
Wenlock433.4 - 427.4Russian Federation (Tyva) Zygospirella duboisi (78716)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2Ukraine Zygospirella sublepida (13874)