Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Included Taxa
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Trigonirhynchiidae

Rhynchonellata - Rhynchonellida - Trigonirhynchiidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1965Trigonirhynchiidae McLaren
1974Trigonirhynchiidae Bassett and Cocks
1977Trigonorhynchiidae Mitchell
1977Trigonirhynchiidae Rubel and Rozman
1997Trigonirhynchiidae Jin and Chatterton
1998Trigonirhynchiidae Savage and Goodwin p. 437
2002Trigonirhynchiidae Musteikis and Modzalevskaya
2002Trigonirhynchiidae Williams et al. p. 1052
2014Trigonirhynchiidae Jakobsen et al.
2015Trigonorhynchiidae Hints and Harper

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
Lophophorata
PanbrachiopodaCarlson and Cohen 2020
RankNameAuthor
phylumBrachiopodaCuvier 1805
subphylumRhynchonelliformeaWilliams et al. 1996
classRhynchonellataWilliams et al. 1996
orderRhynchonellidaKuhn 1949
superfamilyRhynchotrematoideaSchuchert 1913
familyTrigonirhynchiidaeMcLaren 1965
familyTrigonirhynchiidaeMcLaren 1965

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Fm. †Trigonirhynchiidae McLaren 1965
show all | hide all
G. †Ancillotoechia Havlicek 1959
+
Ancillotoechia ancillans Barrande 1879
Ancillotoechia aptata Johnson 1970
Ancillotoechia berryi Sheehan 1976
Ancillotoechia bidentata Hisinger 1827
Ancillotoechia eva Billings 1866
Ancillotoechia minerva Barrande 1847
Ancillotoechia perryi Sheehan 1982
Invalid names: Trigonirhynchioides [synonym]
G. †Angustispatulata Qian and Roberts 1995
+
Angustispatulata campbelli Qian and Roberts 1995
Subfm. †Hemitoechiinae Savage 1996
+
G. †Bathyrhyncha Fuchs 1923
G. †Hemitoechia Nikiforova 1970
+
Hemitoechia distincta Nikiforova 1970
Hemitoechia undvaensis Rubel 1977
Invalid names: Linterella [synonym], Pseudocamarotoechia Kulkov 1974 [synonym], Tichirhynchus [synonym], Undulorhyncha [synonym]
G. †Lenatoechia Nikiforova 1970
G. †Losvia
G. †Luterella
G. †Nymphorhynchia Rzhonsnitskaya 1956
+
Invalid names: Wenxianirhynchus [synonym]
G. †Ptychomaletoechia Sartenaer 1961
+
G. †Sartenaerus Ă–zdikmen 2008
+
Invalid names: Centrorhynchus [replaced]
G. †Ptychomalotoechia Sartenaer 1961
+
Ptychomalotoechia sobrina Stainbrook 1947
Subfm. †Ripidiorhynchinae Savage 1996
+
G. †Gesoriacorostrum Sartenaer 2003
G. †Hemiplethorhynchus von Peetz 1898
+
Hemiplethorhynchus kashmirensis Waterhouse and Gupta 1979
+
Ripidiorhynchus griasica Nalivkin 1934
Ripidiorhynchus huotina Verneuil 1845
Ripidiorhynchus livonicus von Buch 1834
Ripidiorhynchus newmexicoense Cooper and Dutro 1982
Subfm. †Rostricellulinae Rozman 1969
+
G. †Azamella Laurie 1991
+
Azamella rotunda Laurie 1991
G. †Evenkorhynchia Rozman 1969
G. †Lepidocycloides Nikiforova and Andreeva 1961
+
Lepidocycloides baikiticus Nikiforova and Andreeva 1961
G. †Plectothyrella Temple 1965
+
+
Invalid names: Plectothyrella platystrophoides Temple 1965 [synonym]
Plectothyrella itacurubiensis Benedetto et al. 2013
G. †Rostricellula Ulrich and Cooper 1942
+
Rostricellula basalaris Cooper 1956
Rostricellula lapworthi Davidson 1883
Rostricellula major Raymond 1905
Rostricellula marciali Villas 1992
Rostricellula minnesotensis Sardeson 1892
Rostricellula minuta Cooper 1956
Rostricellula nobilis Oraspold 1956
Rostricellula orientalis Billings 1859
Rostricellula plena Hall 1847
Rostricellula pristina Raymond 1905
Rostricellula raymondi Cooper 1956
Rostricellula rostrata Ulrich and Cooper 1942
Rostricellula subtilicostata Jin et al. 1993
Invalid names: Longxianirhynchia [synonym]
Subfm. †Trigonirhynchiinae Schmidt 1965
+
G. †Agarhyncha Havlicek 1982
G. †Astua
G. †Cupularostrum Sartenaer 1961
+
Cupularostrum congregata Conrad 1841
Cupularostrum eximia Hall 1843
Cupularostrum stevensoni Cooper and Dutro 1982
G. †Hercotrema Jin 1989
+
Hercotrema pentaforma Lenz 1977
Hercotrema spissicostatum Jin et al. 1993
G. †Kirkirhynchus Baranov and Blodgett 2015
+
Kirkirhynchus reesidei Kirk and Amsden 1952
G. †Lissopleura Whitfield 1896
G. †Moorefieldella Girty 1911
G. †Morphorhynchus Cooper and Dutro 1982
+
Morphorhynchus varicostatum Cooper and Dutro 1982
G. †Myrmirhynx Havlicek 1982
G. †Nasonirhynchia Havlicek 1992
G. †Nekhoroshevia Bublichenko 1956
G. †Oligoptycherhynchus Sartenaer 1970
+
G. †Porthmorhynchus Sartenaer 2001
G. †Savagerhynchus Baranov and Blodgett 2015
+
Savagerhynchus hecetaensis Baranov and Blodgett 2015
G. †Sinotectirostrum Sartenaer 1961
G. †Stenorhynchia Brice 1981
+
Stenorhynchia nympha Barrande 1847
G. †Stenorhynchites Havlicek 1990
G. †Sufetirhyncha Havlicek 1982
G. †Trigonirhynchia Cooper 1942
+
Trigonirhynchia occidens Walcott 1884
Trigonirhynchia stricklandii Sowerby and Murchison 1839
G. †Wilsoniella Khalfin 1939
+
Wilsoniella saffordi Hall 1860
Invalid names: Wilsonia Kayser 1871 [replaced]
Subfm. †Virginiatinae Amsden 1974
+
G. †Hostimex
G. †Rhynchotreta Hall 1879
+
Rhynchotreta cuneata Dalman 1828
Rhynchotreta gracilis Rubel 1977
Invalid names: Bailongjiangella [synonym]
G. †Thebesia Amsden 1974
+
Thebesia admiranda Oradovskaya 1988
Thebesia crassicostata Jin and Chatterton 1997
Thebesia scopulosa Cocks 1982
Thebesia thebesensis Foerste 1909
+
Invalid names: Thebesia parva Savage 1913 [synonym]
G. †Virginiata Amsden 1968
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: low Mg calcitep
Entire body: yesf
Adult length: 10 to < 100f
Adult width: 10 to < 100f
Environment: marineuc
Locomotion: stationaryf
Attached: yesf
Life habit: epifaunalf
Diet: suspension feederf
Vision: blindc
Comments: LIFE HISTORY: Pedically attached, stationary, suspension-feeder (McKerrow, 1979). BODY SIZE: Based on component genera; 5 of 6 genera share 10 to < 100 length, 5 of 6 share 10 to < 100 width.f
Created: 2009-04-13 10:30:20
Modified: 2009-06-11 21:34:41
Source: f = family, c = class, p = phylum, uc = unranked clade
References: Hendy et al. 2009, Aberhan et al. 2004, Nesnidal et al. 2013

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Llandeilo to the top of the Bashkirian or 461.10000 to 315.20000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 460.9 Ma

Collections (1484 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Middle Ordovician470.0 - 458.4USA (Virginia) Camarotoechia plena (6992)
Middle Ordovician470.0 - 458.4Canada (Quebec) Rostricellula sp. (318)
Middle Ordovician470.0 - 458.4USA (Tennessee) Rostricellula sp. (329)
Chazyan470.0 - 457.3USA (Tennessee) Rostricellula sp. (306)
Chazyan470.0 - 457.3USA (Vermont) Camarotoechia plena (172207) Rostricellula pristina (175904 175905)
Chazyan470.0 - 457.3Canada (Ontario) Camarotoechia orientalis (172359) Camarotoechia plena (172204 172356 172357 172358) Camarotoechia plena, Rhynchonella plena (172201)
Chazyan470.0 - 457.3USA (New York) Camarotoechia major (172181) Camarotoechia major, Camarotoechia plena (172196 172238 172240) Camarotoechia plena (171705 171712 172171 172234 172235 172236 172237 172239 172241 172242 172243 172244 172245 172246 172247 172248 172249 172300 172301 172302 172303 172304 172305 172306 172314 172315 172317) Camarotoechia pristina (42808 56212 171706 172144 172180 172194 172323) Rostricellula plena (172641)
Chazyan470.0 - 457.3Canada (Quebec) Camarotoechia orientalis (172209 172360) Camarotoechia plena (172200 172350 172355 172363) Camarotoechia plena, Camarotoechia orientalis (171789) Rostricellula plena (80831) Rostricellula sp. (305 307 310 311 435 80006)
Chazyan470.0 - 457.3Canada (Northwest Territories) Rostricellula sp. (312 315 24621 25928 25932 25933)
Whiterockian470.0 - 457.3USA (Virginia) Rostricellula basalaris (204096)
Whiterockian470.0 - 457.3Canada (Northwest Territories) Rostricellula sp. (25926 25927)
Middle Ordovician - Late/Upper Ordovician470.0 - 443.8USA (Georgia) Rostricellula rostrata (33332 33333 33334 33335)
Darriwilian467.3 - 458.4Russian Federation (Siberia) Rostricellula sp., Rostricellula ardmillanensis (205561)
Darriwilian467.3 - 458.4Australia (Tasmania) Lepidocycloides sp., Lepidocycloides ponderosa (173680)
Early/Lower Llandeilo466.0 - 460.9Russian Federation (Siberia) Rostricellula sp. (9296 9300 9301)
Late/Upper Llanvirn463.5 - 460.9United Kingdom Rostricellula triangularis (69562 69563 69564 69565 69566 69567 69576 69577 69578 69579 69597 69598 69600 69601)
Late/Upper Llanvirn463.5 - 460.9United Kingdom (Wales) Rostricellula triangularis (69583)
Late/Upper Llanvirn463.5 - 460.9Russian Federation (Siberia) Lenatoechia sp. (9223 9229) Rostricellula sp. (9222 9224)
Late/Upper Llandeilo461.1 - 458.4Russian Federation (Siberia) Rostricellula sp. (9228 9297)
Llandeilo461.1 - 458.4United Kingdom Rostricellula triangularis (69595 69596)