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Pugnacidae

Rhynchonellata - Rhynchonellida - Pugnacidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1956Pugnacidae Rzonsnitzkaja
1995Pugnacidae Savage and Baxter p. 1035
2002Pugnacidae Williams et al. p. 1165

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
Lophophorata
PanbrachiopodaCarlson and Cohen 2020
RankNameAuthor
phylumBrachiopodaCuvier 1805
subphylumRhynchonelliformeaWilliams et al. 1996
classRhynchonellataWilliams et al. 1996
orderRhynchonellidaKuhn 1949
superfamilyPugnacoideaRzhonsnitskaia 1956
familyPugnacidaeRzonsnitzkaja 1956
familyPugnacidaeRzonsnitzkaja 1956

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Fm. †Pugnacidae Rzonsnitzkaja 1956
show all | hide all
G. †Aikarhyncha Havlicek 1990
+
Aikarhyncha praecox Barrande 1879
G. †Allorhynchoides Savage et al. 1978
+
Allorhynchoides kirki Savage et al. 1978
G. †Chapinella Savage et al. 1978
+
Chapinella bucareliensis Savage et al. 1978
+
Coeloterorhynchus magnificum Cooper and Dutro 1982
G. †Colophragma Cooper and Dutro 1982
+
Colophragma ellipticum Cooper and Dutro 1982
G. †Eopugnax
+
Globulirhynchia minima Sokiran 2002
+
Parapugnax ovata Wang 1985
Parapugnax qabdoensis Wang 1985
G. †Pleuropugnoides Ferguson 1966
G. †Propriopugnus Brunton 1984
+
Propriopugnus pugnus Martin 1809
G. †Pugnax
+
Pugnax kayseri Tschernyschew 1902
Pugnax keyserlingi Moeller 1862
Pugnax latesinuata Feng 1986
Pugnax morahensis Waagen 1883
Pugnax osagensis Swallow 1908
Pugnax sublaevis Mansuy 1913
Pugnax utah Marcou 1858
Invalid names: Physetorhyncha [synonym], Striatopugnax [synonym]
G. †Trifidorostellum Sartenaer 1961
+
Trifidorostellum obscurum Cooper and Dutro 1982
G. †Zilimia
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: low Mg calcitep
Environment: marineuc
Locomotion: stationaryo
Attached: yesp
Life habit: epifaunalo
Diet: suspension feedero
Vision: blindc
Created: 2004-02-28 14:12:25
Modified: 2004-02-28 16:12:25
Source: o = order, c = class, p = phylum, uc = unranked clade
References: Nesnidal et al. 2013, Aberhan et al. 2004

Age range: base of the Silurian to the top of the Changhsingian or 443.80000 to 252.17000 Ma

Collections (144 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Silurian443.8 - 419.2USA (California) Pugnax pugnus (229257)
Lochkovian419.2 - 410.8China (Guangxi) Kwangsirhynchus liujingensis (4000 4004) Kwangsirhynchus luijingensis (4003)
Helderbergian - Emsian419.2 - 393.3Austria Pugnax sp. (26203)
Lochkovian - Emsian419.2 - 393.3Austria (Carnic Alps) Parapugnax sp., Pugnax preacuminatus, Pugnax scupini (77909)
Pragian410.8 - 407.6Czech Republic (Prague) Aikarhyncha preacox (12071)
Pragian410.8 - 407.6China (Guangxi) Kwangsirhynchus liujingensis (25812 25814 75914)
Pragian - Emsian410.8 - 393.3Tajikistan Pugnax julii (45831)
Early/Lower Emsian409.1 - 402.5USA (Alaska) Filigreenia circularis (3477 3486)
Early/Lower Emsian409.1 - 402.5Australia (Queensland) Parapugnax sp. (39875)
Emsian407.6 - 393.3Australia (New South Wales) Pugnax oepiki (39884 39888)
Middle Devonian393.3 - 382.7USA (Alaska) Pugnax sp. (111901)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7Russian Federation (Kemerovskaya Oblast) Pugnax ephippioides (84384)
Givetian - Frasnian387.7 - 372.2Russian Federation (Orenburgskaya Oblast) Parapugnax shubartauensis, Parapugnax altaicus, Parapugnax brecciae (83916) Parapugnax sp. (83915)
Early/Lower Frasnian383.7 - 382.4France Coeloterorhynchus kayseri, Globulirhynchia lemesli (38687)
Early/Lower Frasnian383.7 - 382.4Russian Federation (Orenburgskaya Oblast) Parapugnax shubartauensis, Parapugnax altaicus, Parapugnax bjugata (83919) Parapugnax shubartauensis, Parapugnax altaicus, Parapugnax brecciae (83917) Parapugnax shubartauensis, Parapugnax altaicus, Parapugnax brecciae, Parapugnax bjugata (83918)
Early/Lower Frasnian383.7 - 382.4Poland Coeloterorhynchus dillanus, Coeloterorhynchus schucherti (219860) Parapugnax brecciae (82907)
Frasnian382.7 - 372.2Poland Chapinella striata (35420) Coeloterorhynchus schucherti (214550)
Frasnian382.7 - 372.2USA (Iowa) Coeloterorhynchus schucherti (35502 219870) Coeloterorhynchus schucherti, Coeloterorhynchus subacuminatus (35499)
Frasnian382.7 - 372.2USA (Pennsylvania) Pugnax pugnus (154377)
Frasnian382.7 - 372.2China (Guangxi) Pugnax lummatoensis (40574)
Frasnian382.7 - 372.2Afghanistan (Ghazni) Coeloterorhynchus tabasensis, Coeloterorhynchus sp. (75118)
Frasnian382.7 - 372.2France (Boulonnais) Coeloterorhynchus kayseri, Globulirhynchia lemesli (65816 65817)
Frasnian382.7 - 372.2Canada (Ontario) Pugnax sp. (633)
Frasnian382.7 - 372.2USA (New Mexico) Coeloterorhynchus magnificum (219869 219871)
Late/Upper Devonian382.7 - 358.9USA (Alaska) Pugnax pugnus (112162)
Middle Frasnian382.4 - 379.5France (Alsace) Pugnax kayseri (65766)
Late/Upper Givetian380.2 - 382.7Germany (Nordrhein-Westfalen) Pugnax sp., Pugnax acuminatus (82561)
Late/Upper Givetian380.2 - 382.7Poland Parapugnax sp. (82940)
Late/Upper Frasnian379.5 - 376.1USA (Alaska) Parapugnax schmidti (3102)
Late/Upper Frasnian379.5 - 376.1USA (Iowa) Coeloterorhynchus subacuminata (35503)
Late/Upper Frasnian379.5 - 376.1Russian Federation Globulirhynchia minima (61962)
Late/Upper Frasnian379.5 - 376.1Russian Federation (Kemerovskaya Oblast) Pugnax acuminata, Pugnax anisodonta, Pugnax tensa, Pugnax voroni (84378)
Late/Upper Frasnian379.5 - 376.1Russian Federation (Novosibirskaya Oblast) Pugnax tensa, Pugnax mesogonia, Pugnax pugnus (84381)
Late/Upper Frasnian379.5 - 376.1Algeria Evanidisinurostrum saouraensis (223324)
Early/Lower Famennian376.1 - 370.6Poland Cavatisinurostrum longilinguis (70066 70210 70243) Coeloterorhynchus sp. (70204 70205 70207)
Early/Lower Famennian376.1 - 370.6Germany (Rhenish Massif) Parapugnax brecciae (5960)
Early/Lower Famennian376.1 - 370.6Germany Chapinella striata (49427)
Early/Lower Famennian376.1 - 370.6Canada (Alberta) Pugnax rara (35541)
Early/Lower Famennian376.1 - 370.6USA (New York) Chapinella sp. (35384)
Early/Lower Famennian376.1 - 370.6Russian Federation Paromoeopygma koscharica (61966) Pugnax sp. (61964)
Early/Lower Famennian376.1 - 370.6Germany (Sauerland) Perrarisinurostrum sp. (235126)
Famennian372.2 - 358.9USA (New Mexico) Trifidorostellum obscurum (231556)
Famennian372.2 - 358.9USA (Nevada) Parapugnax bactrianense (5959)
Famennian372.2 - 358.9Germany (Wenden) Parapugnax sp. (645)
Famennian372.2 - 358.9Poland Colophragma sp. (70070)
Famennian372.2 - 358.9China (Xinjiang) Trifidorostellum longhuiense, Trifidorostellum sp. (58133)
Famennian372.2 - 358.9USA (Alaska) Chapinella bucareliensis (40584) Chapinella bucareliensis, Allorhynchoides kirki (40582 40583)
Middle Famennian370.6 - 364.7Canada (Alberta) Pugnax minutus, Trifidorostellum cascadense (35543)
Late/Upper Famennian364.7 - 360.7USA (Colorado) Pugnax sp. (644)
Tournaisian358.9 - 346.7Libya Pleuropugnoides pleurodon (35635 36841)
Tournaisian358.9 - 346.7Australia (New South Wales) Pugnax minutus (5615)
Ivorian - Chadian353.8 - 340.0Ireland Pugnax platylobus, Pugnax sulcatus, Pugnax pugnus (76501) Pugnax pugnus (76515)
Arundian - Holkerian346.7 - 340.0Ireland Pugnax pugnus (76517)
Chadian346.7 - 340.0United Kingdom (England) Pugnax acuminatus (5972) Pugnax cordiformis, Pugnax platilobus, Pugnax plicatilis, Pugnax reniformis, Pugnax pugnus (5983) Pugnax sp. (5971)
Chadian - Holkerian346.7 - 340.0United Kingdom (England) Pleuropugnoides pleurodon (5514)
Visean346.7 - 330.9Australia (New South Wales) Pleuropugnoides sp. B (46873 46877 46882 46895 46896 46909 46912 46914 46916 46917 46920 46922 46924 46926 46927 46942 46944 46945 46948 46949)
Visean346.7 - 330.9Egypt Pleuropugnoides pleurodon (46983)
Asbian340.0 - 336.0United Kingdom (England) Pugnax accuminatus, Pugnax pugnus (5995) Pugnax pugnus (5991 5992 5994)
Asbian340.0 - 336.0United Kingdom (Northern Ireland) Pleuropugnoides sp. (6950)
Asbian - Brigantian340.0 - 330.9United Kingdom (England) Pleuropugnoides pleurodon, Pugnax acuminatus, Propriopugnus pugnus (28383) Pugnax cordiformis, Pugnax triplex, Pugnax pugnus (5987)
Brigantian336.0 - 330.9United Kingdom (England) Pleuropugnoides pleurodon, Pleuropugnoides sp., Pugnax acuminatus, Pugnax codiformis, Pugnax pseudopugnus, Pugnax sp., Pugnax pugnoides (76172) Propriopugnus pugnax (162351) Pugnax pugnus (73393 73431) Pugnax sp. (57131)
Brigantian336.0 - 330.9United Kingdom Pleuropugnoides pleurodon, Propriopugnus pugnus (229498 229499)
Pendleian330.9 - 327.0United Kingdom (England) Propriopugnus pugnax (162352) Pugnax pugnus (73467)
Bashkirian323.2 - 315.2USA (Utah) Terebratula uta (150953)
Pennsylvanian323.2 - 298.9China (Qinghai) Pleuropugnoides wangenheimi (68637)
Gzhelian303.7 - 298.9China (Guangxi) Pugnax latesinuata (134347)
Virgilian303.7 - 298.9USA (Ohio) Pugnax utah (69720)
Gzhelian - Artinskian303.7 - 279.3Bolivia Rhynchonella sp. (120479)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5Bolivia Pugnax sp. (128633)
Asselian - Sakmarian298.9 - 290.1Laos Pugnax osagensis, Pugnax sublaevis (233571)
Permian298.9 - 251.902USA (Alaska) Pugnax utah (112199)
Sakmarian293.52 - 290.1Japan Pugnacidae indet. (97225)
Sakmarian293.52 - 290.1China (Guangxi) Pugnax sp. (134319)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8USA (Texas) Pugnax osagensis (108803 108822)
Roadian - Capitanian272.3 - 259.51USA (Texas) Pugnax osagensis (108829)
Wordian266.9 - 264.28Pakistan Pugnax sp. (125854)
Wordian266.9 - 264.28USA (Texas) Pugnax osagensis (108821)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17Pakistan Pugnax morahensis (125895 125901 126007) Pugnax sp. (125898 125910) Rhynchonella morahensis (119541 119850)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17Azerbaijan Pugnax utah (132459)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Guizhou) Pugnax sp. (149293)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Hubei) Pugnax sp. (120809)