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Raphiophoridae

Trilobita - Trinucleida - Raphiophoridae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1854Raphiophoridae Angelin
1957Raphiophoridae Harrington and Leanza
1997Raphiophoridae Whittington et al. p. 301
1999Raphiophoridae Fortey and Droser p. 195
2011Raphiophoridae Adrain p. 107
2020Raphiophoridae Bignon et al. p. 1072

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
RankNameAuthor
subphylumArtiopoda(Hou and Bergstrom)
classTrilobitaWalch 1771
subclassLibristoma
orderTrinucleida(Swinnerton 1915)
familyRaphiophoridaeAngelin 1854
familyRaphiophoridaeAngelin 1854

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Fm. †Raphiophoridae Angelin 1854
show all | hide all
G. †Ampyxina Ullrich 1922
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Ampyxina bellatula Savage 1917
Ampyxina lanceola Whittington 1959
Ampyxina powelli Raymond 1920
+
Invalid names: Ampyxina scarabeus Butts 1941 [synonym]
G. †Ellsaspis Rasetti 1945
Subfm. †Endymioniinae Raymond 1920
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G. †Anisonotella Whittington 1965
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Anisonotella glacialis Billings 1865
Invalid names: Anisonotus Raymond 1920 [replaced]
G. †Carinocranium Dean 1989
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G. †Endymionia Billings 1865
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Endymionia clavaria Fortey 1975
Endymionia meeki Billings 1862
Endymionia raymondi Whittington 1965
Endymionia schucherti Raymond 1920
Endymionia semielliptica Chang and Fan 1960
+
Invalid names: Endymionia circularis Zhang 1981 [synonym], Endymionia nodosa Zhang 1981 [synonym], Endymionia ordosensis Lu in Lu et al 1976 [synonym]
Invalid names: Endymion Billings 1862 [replaced]
G. †Lehnertia Vaccari et al. 2006
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Lehnertia nawisapa Vaccari et al. 2006
G. †Pytine Fortey 1975
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Pytine brevicauda Wiman 1905
Pytine graia Fortey 1975
G. †Salteria Thomson 1864
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Salteria primaeva Wyville Thomson 1864
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Invalid names: Salteria americana Cooper 1953 [synonym]
Invalid names: Erinnys Salter 1865 [replaced]
G. †Kanlingia Zhang 1981
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Kanlingia kalpinensis Zhang 1981
G. †Lonchodomas Angelin 1854
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Subg. †Lonchodomas (Foliopyge) Perfiliev and Levitsky 1963
Lonchodomas carinatus Cooper 1953
Lonchodomas clavulus Whittington 1965
Lonchodomas depressus Brogger 1887
Lonchodomas halli Billings 1861
Lonchodomas normalis Billings 1865
Lonchodomas pennatus Latouche 1884
Lonchodomas politus Raymond 1925
Lonchodomas portlocki Barrande 1846
Lonchodomas punctatus Cooper 1953
Lonchodomas retrolatus Ross and Barnes 1967
Lonchodomas rostratus Sars 1835
Lonchodomas sublaevis Raymond 1925
Lonchodomas suriensis Harrington and Leanza 1957
Lonchodomas tenuis Nielsen 1995
Lonchodomas tumidus Forbes 1849
Lonchodomas volborthi Schmidt 1894
Lonchodomas yohi Sun 1931
G. †Malinaspis Andreeva 1985
G. †Malongullia Webby and Moors 1970
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Invalid names: Ampyxinops Zhang 1979 [synonym]
G. †Nambeetella Legg 1976
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Nambeetella embolion Fortey and Shergold 1984
G. †Nanshanaspis Zhang and Fan 1960
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Nanshanaspis levis Chang and Fan 1960
Nanshanaspis rotundata Zhang 1988
Invalid names: Caganaspis Kolobova 1968 [synonym], Kongqiaoheia Zhang 1988 [synonym]
G. †Pseudampyxina Ju 1983
G. †Raphioampyx Baldis and Baldis 1995
Subfm. †Raphiophorinae Angelin 1854
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G. †Ampyx Dalman 1827
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Subg. †Ampyx (Parampyx) Zhang 1981
Ampyx abnormalis Yi 1957
Ampyx americanus Safford and Vogdes 1889
Ampyx binodulosus Reed 1896
Ampyx camurus Raymond 1925
Ampyx compactus Ross and Barnes 1967
Ampyx delicatulus Fortey 1975
Ampyx foveolatus Angelin 1854
Ampyx laeviusculus Billings 1865
Ampyx lobatus Cooper 1953
Ampyx nasutus Dalman 1827
Ampyx porcus Fortey 1975
Ampyx priscus Thoral 1935
Ampyx punctolineatus Zhou and Fortey 1986
Ampyx spongiosus Fortey 1975
Ampyx toxotis Fortey 1975
Ampyx virginiensis Cooper 1953
Ampyx walcotti Kobayashi 1955
Invalid names: Brachyampyx Forbes 1849 [objective synonym]
G. †Ampyxella Dean 1960
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Ampyxella aculeata Angelin 1854
G. †Ampyxinella Korleva 1959
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Ampyxinella rotundata Zhang 1979
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Invalid names: Ampyxinella circulare Zhang 1981 [synonym], Ampyxinella ovata Zhang 1979 [synonym]
G. †Ampyxoides Whittington 1965
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Ampyxoides inermis Fortey 1975
Ampyxoides semicostatus Billings 1865
G. †Bulbaspis Chugaeva 1956
G. †Cnemidopyge Whittard 1955
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Cnemidopyge bisecta Elles 1940
Cnemidopyge costata Boeck 1838
Cnemidopyge nuda Murchison 1839
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Invalid names: Ampyx latus M'Coy 1851 [synonym]
Cnemidopyge nuda granulata Whittard 1955
Cnemidopyge parva Hughes 1969
Cnemidopyge tenuis Kennedy 1988
G. †Damghanampyx Ghobadi Pour et al. 2007
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Damghanampyx ginteri Ghobadi Pour et al. 2007
G. †Edmundsonia Cooper 1953
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Edmundsonia typa Cooper 1953
G. †Globampyx Fortey 1975
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Globampyx popovkiensis Balashova 1966
Globampyx sexsegmentatus Fortey et al. 2024
Globampyx sinalae Norford and Ross 1978
Globampyx trinucleoides Fortey 1975
G. †Mendolaspis Rusconi 1951
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Mendolaspis doidyx Fortey 1975
Mendolaspis paradoidyx Zhang 1981
Mendolaspis salagastensis Rusconi 1951
G. †Miaopopsis Lu 1965
G. †Raphiophorus Angelin 1854
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Raphiophorus lamasi Harrington and Leanza 1957
G. †Rhombampyx Fortey 1975
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Rhombampyx chinensis Weller 1913
Rhombampyx glaber Poulsen 1965
Rhombampyx rhombos Fortey 1975
Rhombampyx tragula Fortey 1975
Rhombampyx yii Lu 1965
G. †Raymondella Reed 1935
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Raymondella elegans Cooper 1953
Raymondella macconochiei Nicholson and Etheridge 1879
Raymondella nevadensis Ross and Shaw 1972
Invalid names: Reedaspis Prantl and Pribyl 1949 [objective synonym]
G. †Sinampyxina Sheng 1974
G. †Taklamakania Zhang 1980
+
+
Invalid names: Ampyx (Parampyx) nanjiangensis Zhang 1981 [synonym]
Invalid names: Xinjiangia Zhang 1981 [synonym]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: low Mg calcitec
Composition 2: chitinc
Ontogeny: molting, addition of partsc
Environment: marinec
Locomotion: fast-movingc
Life habit: low-level epifaunalc
Diet: suspension feederf
Vision: blindf
Comments: JA: "utilized a cephalic [filter] feeding chamber" according to Fortey and Owens 1999f
Created: 2009-12-13 23:10:26
Modified: 2012-08-27 07:27:49
Source: f = family, c = class
References: Whittington et al. 1997, Aberhan et al. 2004

Age range: base of the Arenigian to the top of the Pridoli or 478.60000 to 419.20000 Ma

Collections (665 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Ibexian487.5 - 470.0Norway (Spitsbergen) Ampyx delicatulus, Pytine graia (106475)
Ibexian487.5 - 470.0USA (California) Globampyx sp. (205357) Globampyx trinucleoides (205358)
Tremadoc486.5 - 477.7Colombia Raphiophorus sp. (8864)
Tremadoc486.5 - 477.7Iran Damghanampyx ginteri (116235 116238 116241)
Tremadoc486.5 - 477.7Canada (Alberta) Carinocranium cariniferum (10930)
Tremadocian485.4 - 477.7Morocco Ampyx priscus (235486) Ampyx sp. (235487 235489)
Tremadocian485.4 - 477.7Morocco (Anti-Atlas) Ampyx sp. (166727)
Tremadocian - Floian485.4 - 470.0Norway (Eiker-Sandsvær) Pytine brevicauda (190883 190886)
Tremadocian - Floian485.4 - 470.0Sweden Ampyx sp. (3194)
Tremadocian - Floian485.4 - 470.0Iran Ampyx sp. (66868)

Youngest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state PBDB collection number
Aeronian440.8 - 438.5United Kingdom (England) Ampyx sp. (454) Raphiophorus aloniensis (50285)
Sheinwoodian433.4 - 430.5United Kingdom (England) Raphiophorus parvulus (23091)
Wenlock433.4 - 427.4USA (Arkansas) Raphiophorus niagarensis (26020)
Homerian430.5 - 427.4Czech Republic Raphiophorus roualti (14028 14050 14103) Raphiophorus sp. (14102)
Gorstian427.4 - 425.6Algeria Raphiophorus rouaulti (27153)
Gorstian - Ludfordian427.4 - 423.0Czech Republic Raphiophorus roualti (14127)
Ludlow427.4 - 423.0United Kingdom (England) Raphiophorus sp. (482)
Ludlow427.4 - 423.0Morocco Raphiophorus roualti (27029) Raphiophorus rouaulti (27053)
Ludfordian425.6 - 423.0Austria Raphiophorus roualti (13908)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2Italy (Sardinia) Ampyx ouralti (26173) Raphiophorus sp. (26187)