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Entactinosphaera

Radiolaria - Entactinaria - Entactiniidae

Taxonomy
Entactinosphaera was named by Foreman (1963) [Sepkoski's age data: O Cara-l P Guad-u Sepkoski's reference number: 2,546]. Its type is Entactinosphaera esostrongyla.

It was synonymized subjectively with Trilonche by Aitchison et al. (1999) and De Wever et al. (2001).

It was assigned to Spumellaria by Sepkoski (2002); and to Entactiniidae by Feng et al. (2004), Takahashi and Miyake (2014) and Noble et al. (2017).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1963Entactinosphaera Foreman
1975Thecentactinia Nazarov
1989Stolbergia Kozur and Mostler
2001Stolbergia De Wever et al. p. 182
2002Belowea Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Entactinosphaera Sepkoski, Jr.
2004Entactinosphaera Feng et al. p. 386
2014Entactinosphaera Takahashi and Miyake p. 291
2017Entactinosphaera Noble et al. p. 441

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RankNameAuthor
Life
Eukaryota()
Rhizaria
phylumRetariaCavalier-Smith 1999
classRadiolariaMüller 1858
RankNameAuthor
superorderPolycystina(Ehrenberg 1867)
orderEntactinariaKozur and Mostler 1982
familyEntactiniidaeRiedel 1967
genusEntactinosphaeraForeman 1963

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: silicac
Environment: marinec
Locomotion: passively mobilec
Life habit: planktonicc
Diet: omnivorec
Created: 2005-01-28 01:13:47
Modified: 2005-01-28 03:13:47
Source: c = class
Reference: Kiessling 1999

Age range: base of the Llandeilo to the top of the Sevatian or 466.00000 to 205.60000 Ma

Collections (97 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Llandeilo - Caradoc466.0 - 449.5Kazakhstan E. verrucula (37829)
Late/Upper Devonian382.7 - 358.9USA (Ohio) E. dystactotata, E. echinata, E. euthlasta, E. fredericki, E. inusitata, E. riedeli, E. symphypora, E. tretactinia, E. variacanthina, E. diplostraca, E. erebenna, E. hapala, E. polyacanthina, E. esostrongyla (142361) E. dystactotata, E. echinata, E. euthlasta, E. fredericki, E. inusitata, E. symphypora, E. tretactinia, E. variacanthina, E. diplostraca, E. erebenna, E. hapala, E. polyacanthina, E. esostrongyla (142363) E. dystactotata, E. fredericki, E. hystricosa, E. riedeli, E. symphypora, E. tretactinia, E. diplostraca, E. esostrongyla (142358)
Tournaisian358.9 - 346.7Germany E. altasulcata (91000)
Chadian345.3 - 345.0Thailand E. palimbola (90896 90897 90898)
Serpukhovian330.9 - 323.2USA (Alaska) Belowea variabilis (91035 91036)
Leonard290.1 - 268.0USA (Oregon) E. cimelia (95632)
Leonard - Guadalupian290.1 - 259.9USA (Oregon) E. cimelia (95629)
Kazanian - Tatarian272.5 - 252.3Malaysia E. pseudocimelia (87185)
Capitanian265.1 - 259.9USA (Oregon) E. cimelia (95636)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17Thailand E. pseudocimelia (64519 91016)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17China (Guangxi) E. crassispinosa, E. pseudocimelia, E. sp. (95670) E. crassispinosa, E. sp. (95671) E. sp. (95734 95735 95738)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17USA (Oregon) E. cimelia (95643)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17Japan (Hyogo) E. echinata (95684 95685 95686 95687) E. echinata, E. aubouini (95681 95682 95683)
Wuchiapingian - Changhsingian259.9 - 252.17Malaysia E. pseudocimelia (87128)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17Thailand E. pseudocimelia (64497 64500 64503 64509 64528)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Guizhou) E. sp. (95320 95321 95322)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China E. cimelia (61250 61251) E. pseudocimelia (59988)
Dienerian252.17 - 251.3New Zealand E. spoerlii (95466)
Griesbachian252.17 - 251.3New Zealand E. spoerlii (95459 95460 95461 95462 95463)
Induan252.17 - 251.2New Zealand E. crassispinosa, E. chiakensis (130296) E. spoerlii, E. sp. (130297)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2Vietnam E. sp. (143596)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0China (Yunnan) E. sp. 1 (95437 95438 95442) E. sp. 2, E. sp. 1 (95435)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Japan (Tochigi) E. sp. (96061 96063)
Pelsonian247.2 - 242.0Thailand E. chiakensis (64514 64515 64517 64518)
Illyrian - Longobardian247.2 - 235.0Hungary E. triassica (153380)
Julian235.0 - 232.0Austria E. simoni, E. triassica, E. zapfei (95665)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Canada (British Columbia) E. amphilaphes (94695)
Lacian221.5 - 215.56Cyprus E. sp. 1, E. sp. 2, E. simoni (73854)
Sevatian212.0 - 205.6Canada (British Columbia) E. amphilaphes (94697)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Canada (British Columbia) E. amphilaphes (94714 94728 94729 94730 94731 94732 94734 94742 94744 94746 94747 94748 94749) E. amphilaphes, E. simoni (94726 94755 94759 94764) E. amphilaphes, E. simoni, E. spinulata (94713 94741 94753 94756 94760) E. amphilaphes, E. spinulata (94707 94733 94736 94738) E. simoni (94702) E. simoni, E. spinulata (94743 94763) E. spinulata (94737 94740 94751)