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Polypteridae (bichir)

Cladistia - Polypteriformes - Polypteridae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1887Polypteridae Cope p. 1018
1963Polypteridae Jordan p. 610
2008Polypteridae Sereno et al.
2013Polypteridae Betancur-R. et al.
2015Polypteridae Otero et al. p. 5

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
RankNameAuthor
Osteichthyes()
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
classCladistia(Cope 1870)
orderPolypteriformes
familyPolypteridae
familyPolypteridae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: freshwaterf
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2017-04-17 10:35:28
Modified: 2017-04-17 10:35:28
Source: f = family, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Bush and Bambach 2015

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Early/Lower Cenomanian to the top of the Holocene or 99.60000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 93.9 Ma

Collections (57 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Cretaceous145.0 - 66.0Morocco (Souss-Massa) Serenoichthys kemkemensis (133582)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Egypt (Al Jizah) Bawitius bartheli (123976)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Morocco (Er Rachida) Polypteridae indet. (25325)
Campanian - Maastrichtian83.6 - 66.0Sudan (Ash Shamaliyah) Polypteridae indet. (38682)
Ypresian - Lutetian56.0 - 41.3Algeria (Bechar region) Polypteridae indet. (77014)
Middle Eocene - Late/Upper Eocene48.6 - 33.9Libya (Sirt) Polypterus sp. (175361 175362)
Bartonian - Late/Upper Eocene41.3 - 33.9Libya Polypterus sp. (48077)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Kenya Polypterus sp. (174672)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Kenya (Nyanza) Polypterus sp. (92703)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Kenya Polypterus sp. (38060 57007)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Kenya Polypterus sp. (22241)
Tortonian - Piacenzian11.62 - 2.588Kenya Polypterus sp. (22235 22236 22242)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Tunisia (Gafsa) Polypterus sp. (35279 35281)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Egypt Polypterus sp. (22592)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Chad Polypterus sp. (59839)
Messinian - Piacenzian7.246 - 2.588Kenya (Turkana District) Polypterus sp. (21332)
Early/Lower Pliocene5.333 - 3.6Kenya Polypterus sp. (22240)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Kenya Polypterus sp. (22338)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Kenya Polypterus sp. (22239)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Kenya Polypterus sp. (21414 21442 21446 21451 21453 21456 21466 21497 21499 21500 21513 21522 21526 21531 21534)
Late/Upper Pliocene - Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Ethiopia Polypterus sp. (21546)
Late/Upper Pliocene - Calabrian3.6 - 0.781Kenya Polypterus sp. (21370 21421)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806Ethiopia Polypterus sp. (21545)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806Kenya Polypterus sp. (21398 21420 21538)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Kenya Polypterus indet. (32060) Polypterus sp. (32051 32053 32085)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Kenya Polypterus sp. (21524)
Pleistocene - Holocene2.588 - 0.0Congo-Kinshasa Polypterus sp. (22098)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781Kenya Polypterus sp. (21368)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0Congo-Kinshasa Polypterus senegalus (22066)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Sudan Polypterus sp. (21871)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Niger Polypterus sp. (83304 83305)