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Perisphinctaceae

Cephalopoda - Ammonitida

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1890Perisphinctaceae Steinman
1973Perisphinctaceae Verma and Westermann p. 176
1990Perisphinctaceae Kennedy and Klinger p. 233
1996Perisphinctaceae Reboulet p. 51
1996Perisphinctaceae Wright et al. p. 17
1999Perisphinctaceae Boughdiri et al. p. 111
2000Perisphinctaceae Arkadiev et al. p. 100
2002Perisphinctaceae Vasicek p. 188
2004Perisphinctaceae Lukeneder p. 50
2004Perisphinctaceae Psczólkowski and Myczyñski
2005Perisphinctaceae Klein p. 2
2006Perisphinctoidea Alsen p. 44
2006Perisphinctoidea Parent p. 22
2008Perisphinctaceae Matsukawa et al. p. 4
2009Perisphinctaceae Bert p. 473
2014Perisphinctoidea Bulot et al. p. 116
2014Perisphinctoidea Vasicek and Skupien p. 133
2015Perisphinctoidea Frau et al. p. 119
2015Perisphinctoidea Zell and Stinnesbeck p. 14
2016Perisphinctoidea Frau et al. p. 177
2016Perisphinctoidea Galácz p. 212
2016Perisphinctoidea Salazar and Stinnesbeck p. 153
2016Perisphinctoidea Vasicek and Skupien p. 15
2017Perisphinctoidea González-Arreola et al. p. 468
2017Perisphinctoidea Parent et al. p. 509

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
RankNameAuthor
classCephalopodaCuvier 1797
subclassAmmonoidea(Zittel 1884)
orderAmmonitidaHyatt 1889
suborderAmmonitinaHyatt 1889
superfamilyPerisphinctaceaeSteinman 1890
superfamilyPerisphinctaceaeSteinman 1890

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragoniteo
Locomotion: fast-movingo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: carnivoreo
Vision: well-developedc
Created: 2005-01-28 02:27:03
Modified: 2009-10-08 14:14:55
Source: o = order, c = class
References: Kiessling 2003, Kiessling 2004

Age range: base of the Kimmeridgian to the top of the Santonian or 157.30000 to 83.60000 Ma

Collections (709 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1Russian Federation Craspedites okensis, Craspedites subditoides (190571)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Russian Federation Craspedites kuznetzowi, Garniericeras sp., Craspedites kaschpuricus, Craspedites mosquensis, Craspedites parakaschpuricus (2522) Craspedites taimyrensis, Craspedites okensis (2447) Paracraspedites sp. (59186)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0United Kingdom (England) Paracraspedites sp. (69134)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0USSR (Russian Plain) Craspedites kaschpuricus (2527)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0USSR (Siberia) Craspedites candadensis, Craspedites pseudosubditus, Subcraspedites bidevexus (2476) Craspedites okensis (2475) Craspedites sp. (2477)
Early/Lower Tithonian150.8 - 145.0Russian Federation Craspedites ivanovi (190574 190683 190840) Garniericeras catenulatum (191053) Subcraspedites sp. (190685)
Late/Upper Tithonian150.8 - 145.0Russian Federation Craspedites fragillis, Craspedites nekrassovi, Craspedites praeokensis (190686) Craspedites nekrassovi (190803 190836) Craspedites nekrassovi, Craspedites praeokensis (190734) Craspedites nekrassovi, Craspedites praeokensis, Subcraspedites sowerbyi (190576) Craspedites praeokensis (190878) Craspedites sp., Garniericeras subclypaiforme, Craspedites transitionis, Craspedites mosquensis, Craspedites pseudonodiger (190831) Craspedites subditoides, Craspedites okensis (190577 190578) Craspedites subditoides, Craspedites subditus (190687) Craspedites subditoides, Subcraspedites sp. (190563) Garniericeras catenulatum (190688 190839) Garniericeras catenulatum, Craspedites sp. (190804) Garniericeras catenulatum, Garniericeras subclypaiforme, Craspedites sp., Craspedites okensis, Craspedites mosquensis (190830) Garniericeras catenulatum, Garniericeras subclypeiforme, Craspedites okensis, Craspedites subtidus, Craspedites sp. (190659) Garniericeras catenulatum, Subcraspedites sp., Craspedites okensis, Craspedites subditoides (190682) Garniericeras interjectum, Craspedites okensis, Craspedites subditoides, Craspedites subditus (190837) Garniericeras interjectum, Garniericeras catenulatum, Craspedites subditus, Craspedites subditoides (190838) Garniericeras subclypaiforme (190832)
Late/Upper Tithonian150.8 - 145.0Greenland Craspedites okensis (66543)
Late/Upper Tithonian150.8 - 145.0Mexico Eopaquiericeras peraltai, Eopaquiericeras pazi (142314)
Middle Tithonian150.8 - 145.0Russian Federation Craspedites ivanovi (190668)

Youngest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state PBDB collection number
Barremian129.4 - 125.0Morocco Holcodiscus caillaudianus (82175) Holcodiscus fallax (82173) Holcodiscus perezianus (82177)
Barremian129.4 - 125.0Spain (Jaen) Spitidiscus hugii, Spitidiscus vandeckii (2273 2274) Spitidiscus vandeckii (2265 2266 2267 2268 2269 2270 2271 2275 2276)
Barremian129.4 - 125.0Austria (Ternberg) Holcodiscus sp. (50789 50792)
Barremian129.4 - 125.0Czech Republic Holcodiscus perezianus (2121)
Barremian129.4 - 125.0Colombia Holcodiscus camelinus (83890) Parasaynoceras horridum (69061) Spitidiscus simitiensis (83888 83889)
Barremian129.4 - 125.0Georgia Holcodiscus caillaudi, Holcodiscus gastaldi, Spitidiscus andrussowi (2115)
Barremian129.4 - 125.0France (Provence) Holcodiscus caillaudi, Holcodiscus perezi, Holcodiscus diversecostatus, Spitidiscus hugii (56065) Holcodiscus cardonae, Holcodiscus fallax (56057) Holcodiscus perezi, Holcodiscus gastaldi, Holcodiscus fallax, Holcodiscus cailaudi, Holcodiscus geronimae, Holcodiscus diversecostatus (56782) Spitidiscus hugii (56784)
Barremian129.4 - 125.0Mexico (Coahuila) Saynoceras mexicanum (2162)
Barremian129.4 - 125.0Spain (Granada) Holcodiscus caillaudinatus (2286) Holcodiscus diversecostatus (2283 2284 2285 2288 2290 2291 2293 2294 2295) Holcodiscus diversecostatus, Holcodiscus caillaudianus (2289 2292) Holcodiscus fallax, Holcodiscus nicklesi (2279)
Coniacian - Santonian89.8 - 83.6Chile Holcodiscus hauthali (83689) Holcodiscus tenuistriatus (83691)