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Nautilus

Cephalopoda - Nautilida - Nautilidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1758Nautilus Linnaeus p. 709
1882Nautilus von Mojsisovics
1896Nautilus von Mojsisovics
1897Nautilus Diener
1904Nautilus Martin p. 130
1947Nautilus Miller p. 25
1964Nautilus Teichert et al. p. 448
1994Nautilus Juyal and Mathur p. 83
2002Nautilus Sepkoski
2016Nautilus Ward et al. p. 400

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
RankNameAuthor
classCephalopodaCuvier 1797
subclassNautiloideaAgassiz 1847
orderNautilidaAgassiz 1847
superfamilyNautiloidea(de Blainville 1825)
familyNautilidaede Blainville 1825
genusNautilus

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

G. Nautilus Linnaeus 1758
show all | hide all
Subg. †Nautilus (Discus) King 1844
Nautilus altifrons Chapman 1915
Nautilus alumnus Iredale 1944
Nautilus angustatus Conrad 1849
Nautilus averilli Anderson 1938
Nautilus balcombensis Chapman 1915
Nautilus bambanagensis von Mojsisovics 1896
Nautilus butonensis Martin 1933
Nautilus campbelli Meek 1861
Nautilus cancellatus Hauer 1896
Nautilus carolinus von Mojsisovics 1882
Nautilus cookana Whitfield 1892
Nautilus decurrens d'Eichwald 1860
Nautilus gabbi Anderson 1902
Nautilus geelongensis Foord 1891
Nautilus izumoensis Yokoyama 1913
Nautilus javanus Martin 1879
Nautilus longobardicus von Mojsisovics 1882
Nautilus macromphalus Sowerby 1849
Nautilus modestus Anderson 1958
Nautilus occidentalis Swallow 1860
Nautilus palladii von Mojsisovics 1869
Nautilus pompilius Linnaeus 1758 [pearly nautilus]
Nautilus praepompilius Shimansky 1957
Nautilus repertus Iredale 1944
Nautilus reticulatus Hauer 1846
Nautilus scrobiculatus Solander 1786
Nautilus sphaericus Forbes 1846
Nautilus stenomphalus Sowerby 1849
Nautilus subcarolinus von Mojsisovics 1882
Nautilus taiwanus Huang 2002
Nautilus texanus Shumard 1860
Nautilus tintoretti von Mojsisovics 1869
Nautilus triangularis Montfort 1802
Nautilus winslowi Meek and Worthen 1873
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
partNmeanminimummaximummedians.d.
shell height856.824.0124.054.839.8
shell diameter898.442.0225.093.071.1
shell inflation84.950.60013.06.504.17

Composition: aragoniteo
Locomotion: actively mobilef
Life habit: nektonicf
Diet: carnivoref
Vision: well-developedc
Created: 2009-09-27 10:10:59
Modified: 2009-09-27 12:10:59
Source: f = family, o = order, c = class
References: Kiessling 2004, Hendy et al. 2009, Kiessling 2003

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Mississippian to the top of the Holocene or 358.90000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 323.2 Ma

Collections (96 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Mississippian358.9 - 323.2USA (California) N. sp. (214521)
Sakmarian295.5 - 290.1Australia (Western Australia) Discites sp. (131548)
Lopingian259.9 - 252.17Bosnia and Herzegovina N. sp. (206739)
Spathian251.3 - 247.2India N. palladii (210994)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Austria (Tyrol) N. tintoretti (211799)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Svalbard and Jan Mayen N. nordenskjoeldi (212556) N. sibyllae (212548)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Italy N. tintoretti (136189 136961)
Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Austria N. palladii, N. tintoretti, N. carolinus, N. subcarolinus (136996)
Anisian - Ladinian247.2 - 237.0Bosnia and Herzegovina N. carolinus (206721)
Middle Triassic247.2 - 237.0Italy (Trento) N. sp. (202272)
Illyrian - Fassanian247.2 - 235.0Poland N. tintoretti (195215)
Pelsonian - Tuvalian247.2 - 221.5Turkey (Anatolia) N. cancellatus (204511 204518)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Italy (Lecco) N. longobardicus (211844)
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0Spain (Alicante) N. sp. (202238)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Austria N. sp. (206040)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0India N. sp. (210922)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Bosnia and Herzegovina N. subcarolinus (206617)
Norian228.0 - 208.5India N. bambanagensis (85471)
Sinemurian199.3 - 190.8Indonesia (Timor) N. sp. (205681)
Late/Upper Valanginian140.2 - 136.4Chile (CopiapĆ³) N. sp. (223050)
Albian113.0 - 100.5USA (California) N. gabbi (225529)
Albian113.0 - 100.5France N. triangularis (171512)
Albian - Cenomanian113.0 - 93.9United Kingdom (England) N. sp. (198091)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9United Kingdom (England) N. triangularis (171511)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9United Kingdom N. triangularis (154021)
Coniacian89.8 - 86.3USA (California) N. campbelli (44235)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Mexico (Baja California) N. campbelli (158099)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0India N. sphaericus (41428)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0Australia (Victoria) N. praepompilius (180733)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2USA (New Jersey) Eutrephoceras cookanum (81776 81777 81778 81779 91760 92181)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9USA (Washington) N. cookanum (167461)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Kazakhstan N. praepompilius (108261 108262)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Kazakhstan N. praepompilius (180453)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Taiwan Kummelonautilus taiwanum (41738 41742)
Early/Lower Miocene - Middle Miocene23.03 - 11.608Australia (Victoria) N. geelongensis (179951)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Taiwan N. taiwanus (229824)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Australia (South Australia) Eutrephoceras altifrons (171286 171287)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97USA (Oregon) N. angustatus (180448)
Burdigalian - Langhian20.44 - 13.82Australia (South Australia) Eutrephoceras altifrons (171285)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Australia (Victoria) N. balcombensis (179947 179948)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Australia (Western Australia) Eutrephoceras geelongensis (171278)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Australia (South Australia) Eutrephoceras altifrons (171288 171289 171290) Eutrephoceras geelongensis (171279 171281 171283) Eutrephoceras geelongensis, Eutrephoceras altifrons (171280) N. altifrons (171284 179953) N. geelongensis (179949)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Australia (Victoria) N. altifrons (179954) N. geelongensis (180211)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Australia (Victoria) Eutrephoceras geelongensis (171282) N. geelongensis (179950)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Indonesia N. javanus (70100)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Pakistan N. pompilius (77133)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Indonesia (Sulawesi Tenggara) N. butonensis (109175)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781Philippines (Pangasinan) N. pompilius (107988)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Somalia N. sp. (214858)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Thailand N. pompilius (82012 82026)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Australia (Western Australia) N. repertus (82022) N. sp. (191983)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Indonesia N. pompilius (82015 82016) N. pompilius, N. scrobiculatus (82025) N. sp. (82014)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Australia (South Australia) N. alumnus (82021)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0India N. sp. (82013)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Australia (New South Wales) N. alumnus (82019 82020)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Papua New Guinea N. sp. (82017)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Australia (Queensland) N. pompilius (82018)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0New Zealand N. pompilius, N. macromphalus (82023 82024)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Japan N. pompilius (82008 82009 82010 82027 82028 82029 82030)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Taiwan N. pompilius (82011)