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Araneidae (orb-weaving spider)

Xiphosura - Xiphosurida - Araneidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1895Araneidae Simon
1922Argiopidae Petrunkevitch p. 254
1922Epeirinae Petrunkevitch p. 260
2013Araneidae Dunlop et al. p. 160
2017Araneidae Wheeler et al.
2020Araneidae Magalhaes et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
subphylumChelicerataHeymons 1901
EuchelicerataWeygoldt and Paulus 1979
Prosomapoda
classXiphosura()
orderXiphosuridaLatreille 1802
Planaterga
RankNameAuthor
Dekatriata
SclerophorataKamenz et al. 2011
classArachnidaLamarck 1801
Pantetrapulmonata
subclassTetrapulmonataSchultz 1990
Serikodiastida
orderAraneae
suborderOpisthothelaePocock 1892
infraorderAraneomorphaeSmith 1902
EntelegynaeSimon 1893
superfamilyAraneoideaSimon 1895
familyAraneidaeSimon 1895
familyAraneidaeSimon 1895

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: chitinc
Grouping: solitaryc
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: nektobenthicc
Diet: carnivorec
Vision: limitedo
Created: 2017-04-17 09:55:58
Modified: 2017-04-17 09:55:58
Source: o = order, c = class
References: Bambach et al. 2007, Jell and Adrain 2002, Bush and Bambach 2015

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Late/Upper Barremian to the top of the Holocene or 130.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 125.45 Ma

Collections (51 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Barremian130.0 - 125.45Lebanon Araneidae indet. (124276)
Early/Lower Aptian125.45 - 122.46China (Liaoning) Araneus beipiaoensis (147827) Araneus beipiaoensis, Araneus liaoxiensis, Araneus aethus, Araneus reheensis (148368)
Late/Upper Albian - Early/Lower Cenomanian105.3 - 93.5Russian Federation (Siberia) Araneidae indet. (35046)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Myanmar (Kachin) Geratonephila burmanica (123429)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8USA (New Jersey) Araneinae indet. (110895)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8India (Rajasthan) Nephila sp. (198876)
Bridgerian50.3 - 46.2USA (Wyoming) Epeira sp. (121306 121322)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Denmark Cyclososoma succini, Araneus defunctus, Miraraneus peregrinus (123762)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9United Kingdom (England) Araneidae indet. (21976)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Germany Eonephila bitterfeldensis, Luxurionephila spinifera (123769)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Poland Eonephila bitterfeldensis (120813) Gea epeiroidea, Zilla porrecta, Zilla gracilis (120811) Gea epeiroidea, Zilla porrecta, Zilla gracilis, Zilla veterana (109625)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Russian Federation (Kaliningrad) Araneidae indet., Nephilidae indet., Araneinae indet., Araneus sp., Eonephila sp., Palaeonephila sp., Graea sp., Eochorizopes szeklinskiae, Graea setosa, Graea succini, Graea magnocoli, Graea aberrans, Graea brevis, Graea impudica, Graea lingula, Eozygiella compacta, Chrysometata palaearctica, Miraraneus peregrinus, Eonephila excellens, Eonephila longembolus, Palaeonephila curvata, Palaeonephila fibula, Palaeonephila dilitans, Palaeonephila longipes, Anepeira complicata, Bararaneus evolvens, Bararaneus annulatus, Eoaraneus complexus (124318) Argiopidae indet. (147468 147651) Argiopidae indet., Meditrina circumvallata, Eustaloides setosus, Eustaloides succini (123766) Eochorizopes szeklinskiae (110735) Eonephila sp. (123420) Eustaloides setosus (123493) Eustaloides setosus, Eustaloides succini, Eustaloides calceatus, Eustaloides minor (124205) Palaeonephila brevis (124201) Palaeonephila curvata (120812) Palaeonephila sp. (123936)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Germany (Halle) Eonephila bitterfeldensis (129228) Graea bitterfeldensis (147606) Graea breviembolus (147604)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (Colorado) Epeira sp., Tethneus guyoti, Tethneus obduratus, Tethneus hentzii, Tethneus provectus, Epeira meekii, Epeira abscondita, Epeira delita, Epeira cinefacta, Epeira vulcanalis, Epeira emertoni, Nephila pennatipes, Tethneus robustus, Epeira longimana, Epeira indistincta (106384) Tethneus twenhofeli (35058)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9USA (Colorado) Tethneus guyoti (122093)
MP 3028.4 - 23.03Germany Gea krantzi (123945)
MP 3028.4 - 23.03Germany (Nordrhein-Westfalen) Epeira troschelii (127628)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Mexico (Chiapas) Aranea exusta (140260) Argiopidae indet. (140213) Mirometa valdespinosa (124471)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97China (Shandong) Araneus carbonaceus, Araneus leptopoda, Araneus inelegans (138945) Araneus luianus (128552) Magnaranea furva (128549) Melanites orbiculatus, Araneus piceus, Araneus ruidipedalis (128550) Testudinaria papposa (138944)
Burdigalian - Langhian20.44 - 13.82Dominican Republic Araneometa herrlingi, Araneometa spirembolus (120817) Araneometa sp., Nephila dommeli, Araneus nanus, Pycnosinga fossilis, Cyclosa verrucosa, Araneometa herrlingi, Araneometa excelsa, Fossilaraneus incertus, Nephila breviembolus, Nephila tenuis, Nephila furca, Nephila longembolus (146557) Enacrosoma verrucosa (124926) Enacrosoma verrucosa, Pulchellaranea pedunculata (122472) Molinaranea mitnickii (124927) Nephila dommeli (124224)
Sarmatian12.7 - 11.608Germany (Baden-W├╝rttemberg) Epeira molassica (117252)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Germany (Niedersachsen) Araneidae indet. (109196)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Madagascar Minutunguis silvestris (147603)