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Bittacidae (hangingfly)

Insecta - Mecoptera - Bittacidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1906Bittacidae Handlirsch p. 43
1978Bittacidae Willmann p. 97
1987Bittacidae Willmann
1992Bittacidae Carpenter
1996Bittacidae Ansorge p. 73
2004Bittacidae Petrulevicius and Jarzembowski p. 1198
2018Bittacidae Kopeć et al. p. 158

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EubilateriaAx 1987
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
superclassHexapodaLatreille 1825
NeopterygotaCrampton 1924
infraclassNeopteraMartynov 1923
orderMecopteraPackard 1886
familyBittacidaeHandlirsch 1906
familyBittacidaeHandlirsch 1906

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: chitinc
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilep
Created: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Modified: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Source: c = class, p = phylum
References: Kiessling 2004, Bush and Bambach 2015

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Longobardian to the top of the Priabonian or 242.00000 to 33.90000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 235.0 Ma

Collections (60 total)

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0China (Shaanxi) Ctenophlebia tongchuanensis, Neorthophlebopsis qishuiheensis (117138)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Australia (Queensland) Archebittacus exilis (106484 191411)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3United Kingdom (England) Protobittacus liassicus, Protobittacus maculatus (113961)
Hettangian - Sinemurian201.3 - 190.8Kyrgyzstan (Tonskiy) Neorthophlebia robusta, Neorthophlebia unica, Neorthophlebia nana (105087)
Pliensbachian190.8 - 182.7Kyrgyzstan Neorthophlebia abshirica (160469)
Pliensbachian190.8 - 182.7Kyrgyzstan (Batken) Asiobittacus sajsagulis, Plesiobittacus martynovi, Plesiobittacus primigenius (105003)
Pliensbachian190.8 - 182.7Tajikistan Neorthophlebia robusta (114702)
Early/Lower Toarcian183.0 - 182.0Germany (Niedersachsen) Auxobittacus marginelaesus (107322) Auxobittacus praeacutus (107343) Polydicrobittacus lingula (107553) Polydicrobittacus lingula, Haplobittacus parvus (107321) Protobittacus arculatus, Protobittacus pediculatus, Auxobittacus praeacutus, Metaxybittacus vittatus, Pleobittacus retroflexus, Polydicrobittacus lingula (105002) Protobittacus clavaeformis (107323) Protobittacus desacuminatus (107555)
Early/Lower Toarcian183.0 - 182.0Germany Neorthophlebia minor, Mesobittacus minutus, Orthophlebia megapolitana, Neorthophlebia debilis, Parabittacus analis, Neorthophlebia pallida, Neorthophlebia simillima, Neorthophlebia medialis, Neorthophlebia stigmatica, Neorthophlebia acutipennis, Orthophlebia megapolitana (123987)
Early/Lower Toarcian183.0 - 182.0Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) Bittacidae indet., Neorthophlebia maculipennis, Mesobittacus minutus (114993)
Early/Lower Toarcian183.0 - 182.0United Kingdom (Gloucestershire) Protobittacus handlirschi (154307)
Falciferum183.0 - 182.0Germany Bittacidae indet. (192037)
Toarcian182.7 - 174.1Russian Federation (Kemerovo) Protobittacus moestus (125484)
Bajocian - Bathonian170.3 - 166.1Russian Federation (Krasnoyarsk) Microbittacus kubekovensis (118010)
Callovian - Oxfordian166.1 - 157.3China (Nei Mongol) Composibittacus bipunctatus, Composibittacus reticulatus, Orthobittacus maculosus (123761) Exilibittacus lii (137887) Formosibittacus macularis, Jurahylobittacus astictus, Decoribittacus euneurus, Decoribittacus stictus, Karattacus longialatus (112664) Mongolobittacus daohugouensis (113371) Mongolobittacus speciosus, Mongolobittacus oligophlebius, Exilibittacus foliaceus, Exilibittacus plagioneurus (155751) Orthobittacus suni (183155) Preanabittacus validus (113366)
Callovian - Oxfordian166.1 - 157.3China (Liaoning) Liaobittacus longantennatus (107004)
Callovian - Oxfordian166.1 - 157.3Kazakhstan (Chimkent) Karattacus persibus, Orobittacus antiquus (105971) Orthobittacus polymitus, Probittacus karatavicus (105426) Preanabittacus karatavensis, Probittacus karatavicus (106101) Probittacus avitus (114692) Prohylobittacus sorosi (113439) Prohylobittacus sorosi, Orobittacus antiquus (105970) Sibirobittacus kazakhstanensis (106102)
Oxfordian - Kimmeridgian163.5 - 152.1China (Yunnan) Neorthophlebia yunnanensis (164859)
Late/Upper Jurassic163.5 - 145.0Russian Federation (Buryatia) Neorthophlebia indet. (125483)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Mongolia Orobittacus minutus (104748) Probittacus mongolicus (121393)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Russian Federation (Chita) Sibirobittacus undus (123197)
Early/Lower Berriasian145.0 - 140.2United Kingdom (England) Tytthobittacus jarzembowski (104007)
Late/Upper Hauterivian136.4 - 130.0United Kingdom (England) Antiquanabittacus nanus (106417)
Early/Lower Aptian125.45 - 122.46China (Liaoning) Megabittacus colosseus, Megabittacus beipiaoensis, Sibirobittacus atalus (138436) Megabittacus spatiosus (137886)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0Russian Federation (Buryatia) Baissobittacus angustipennatus, Cretobittacus baisensis (105969)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Myanmar Bittacus lepiduscretaceus (178121) Burmobittacus jarzembowskii (161726)
Late/Upper Paleocene58.7 - 55.8Argentina (Jujuy) Thyridates novokschonovi (113004)
Bridgerian50.3 - 46.2USA (Colorado) Palaeobittacus eocenicus (163519)
Bridgerian50.3 - 46.2USA (Utah) Bittacus egestionis (122882)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9United Kingdom (England) Bittacus sp.A, Panorpa veterna, Bittacus veternus (123960)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Poland Bittacus antiquus (109625) Hylobittacus antiquus, Hylobittacus fossilis, Hylobittacus minimus, Hylobittacus picteti (123215) Hylobittacus fossilis (120813)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Russian Federation Hylobittacus fossilis, Hylobittacus minimus, Hylobittacus picteti (123419)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Russian Federation (Primorskiy) Bittacus biamensis (123794)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Germany (Halle) Hylobittacus picteti (124273)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Russian Federation (Kaliningrad) Bittacus fossilis, Bittacus minimus, Bittacus succinus, Hylobittacus antiquus (124205) Bittacus minimus (123766)