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Anthornis melanura (New Zealand bellbird)

Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Meliphagidae

Taxonomy
Certhia melanura was named by Sparrman (1786). It is extant.

It was recombined as Anthornis melanura by Worthy (1998), Worthy and Grant-Mackie (2003) and Clements et al. (2017).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1786Certhia melanura Sparrman
1998Anthornis melanura Worthy p. 139
2003Anthornis melanura Worthy and Grant-Mackie p. 453
2017Anthornis melanura Clements et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
RankNameAuthor
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
Maniraptora
Paraves
classAves
PygostyliaChiappe 2002
Ornithothoraces
OrnithuromorphaChiappe et al. 1999
subclassOrnithurae
subclassNeornithesGadow 1893
Neognathae(Pycraft 1900)
NeoavesSibley et al. 1988
Terrestrornithes
Dendrornithes
AnomalogonatesGarrod 1874
Picoclamatores
superorderPasserimorphaeSibley et al. 1988
orderPasseriformesLinnaeus 1758
familyMeliphagidaeVigors 1825
genusAnthornisGray 1840
speciesmelanura(Sparrman 1786)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteo
Entire body: yeso
Adult length: 10 to < 100o
Adult width: 1.0 to < 10o
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10o
Architecture: compact or denseo
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partso
Grouping: solitaryo
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: carnivoresubo
Reproduction: oviparouso
Dispersal: direct/internalo
Dispersal 2: mobileo
Created: 2009-01-03 20:39:15
Modified: 2009-01-03 22:39:15
Source: subo = suborder, o = order
References: Kiessling 2004, Benton 1983, Marsh 1875

Age range: base of the Late/Upper Pleistocene to the top of the Holocene or 0.12600 to 0.00000 Ma

Collections (4 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117New Zealand (South Island) Anthornis melanura (87814)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0New Zealand Anthornis melanura (182104)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0New Zealand Anthornis melanura (100554 198088)