Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Ammonoidea (ammonite)

Cephalopoda -

Subtaxa
Abichia, Acuticostites, Agoniatitida (syn. Anarcestida), Aleteceratidae, Almohadites, Ammonitida, Ampthillia, Anacleoniceras, Anavirgatites, Anclyoceras, Andersonites, Andesites, Ankobites, Apsorroceras, Argentiniceras, Asapholytoceras, Aspidostephanus, Aspinoceras, Astiericeras, Astieridiscus, Aulasimoceras, Balticeras, Benacoceras, Berbericeras, Berrosiceras, Betyokites, Beudantiella, Bihenduloceras, Billcobbanoceras, Binatisphinctes, Binneyites, Biplices, Blanforidceras, Bochianitoidea, Borealites, Bostrychoceras, Bunburyiceras, Californiceras, Calliptychoceras, Carstenia, Caspianites, Ceratitida, Ceratitina, Chetaites, Chigaroceras, Christophoceras, Cicatrites, Clambites, Cloioceras, Clymeniida, Coloradoscaphites, Constileioceras, Cordubiceras, Cottreauites, Couloniceras, Cowtoniceras, Craspedodiscus, Crassiplanulites, Cruasiceras, Crussoliceras, Cutchisphinctes, Cuyaniceras, Damesiceras, Desmoscaphites, Desmosphinctes, Dickersonia, Diodochoceras, Diplasioceras, Dipoloceratidae, Dirrymoceras, Discosphinctoides, Divisosphinctes, Djurjuriceras, Eboroceras, Egrabensiceras, Endemoceras, Eocephalites, Eodesmoceras, Eohecticoceras, Eoheteroceras, Eosphinctoceras, Epancyloceras, Epaspidoceras, Epicephalites, Epiglyptoxoceras, Epigonites, Epimayites, Erdenella, Espaniceras, Eubranoceras, Euhyphantoceras, Farbesiceras, Fikaites, Flabellisphinctes, Flexispinites, Forbescieras, Fournierella, Frenguelliceras, Galbanites, Garnierisphinctes, Gazdaganites, Georgioceras, Gephyroceras, Gerhardtia, Glabrophysodoceras, Glaucolithites, Glottoptychinites, Glyptoceras, Gomimonomeroceras, Goniatites crebriseptum, Goniatitida, Gymnoplites, Hannaites, Haploscaphites, Haresiceras, Hectioceras, Heinzia, Himispiticeras, Holcostephanus, Homolsomites, Hoplikosmokas, Ilowaiskya, Indosphinctes, Involuticeras, Isterites, Janenschites, Jeanneticeras, Jeanthieuolyites, Jimenites, Kachpurites, Karamaiceras, Karamaites, Karaschiceras, Kashpurites, Katrolites, Kerberites, Klematosphinctes, Kurnubiella, Langdaiceras, Lenticeratidae (syn. Eulophoceratidae), Limaites, Liosphinctes, Lissonia, Lithancylus, Lomonossovella, Lupherites, Lytoceratida, Lytocerida, Lytocrioceras, Lytogyroceras, Mancosiceras, Manoloviceras, Mathoceratites, Medlicottiida, Megasphaeroceras, Megatyloceras, Metagravesia, Metahamites, Metahoplites, Metapatoceras, Michalskia, Moutoniceras, Nannostephanus, Neobibolites, Neoepigoniceras, Neoglytoxoceras, Neomantelliceras, Neomorphoceras, Neopuzosia, Neoselwynoceras, Neotollia, Neoturrilites, Neposiella, Neuqueniceras, Nipponites, Nodiocoeloceras, Nodosohoplites, Nothostephanus, Notoceras, Odoghertyceras, Odontoceras, Odontodiscoceras, Organoceras, Orthaspidoceras, Osperlioceras, Padagrosites, Padragosiceras, Palnerostephanus, Paltaopites, Paraberriasella, Parabevalites, Paracuariceras, Paradicidia, Paranclyoceras, Paraspiticeras, Parastieria, Paravirgatites, Pascoeites, Paskentites, Petrolytoceras, Phlyseogrammocera, Phylloceratida, Phylloceratitida, Phyllocerida, Physeogrammoceras, Platylenticeras, Plesiacanthoides, Plesiohamites, Plictetia, Poculisphinctes, Poecilomorphus, Pomerania, Praeglyphiocerida, Praemanambolites, Praetollia, Procraspedites, Progalbanites, Progeronia, Prohelicoceras, Prolecanitida, Promantelliceras, Propectinatites, Properisphinctes, Proplanulites, Proplanulitidae, Prososphinctoides, Protanclyoceras, Protancyloceratoidea, Protothurmannia, Proturrilitoides, Pseudacompsoceras, Pseudarisphinctes, Pseudinvoluticeras, Pseudoaganides, Pseudoclambites, Pseudoclydoniceras, Pseudofavrella, Pseudokatroliceras, Pseudoleymeriella, Pseudoperisphinctes, Pseudoplacenticeras, Pseudosimoceras, Pseudovirgatites, Pseudowaagenia, Psiloceratida, Psilohamites, Pteroscaphites, Ptychoceratoidea, Pulchellia, Puzosigella, Raimondiceras, Rhampidoceras, Riasanites, Rossalites, Ryugasella, Saltericeras, Sarmatisphinctes, Scaphamites, Shastoceras, Simaspidoceras, Simosphinctes, Simotoichites, Sohlites, Somaliceras, Somalites, Sornayceras, Speetoniceras, Subbarroisiceras, Subnebrodites, Subneumayria, Suboosterella, Subptychoceras, Subthurmannia, Subtissotia, Sulcohoplites, Telodactylus, Thraxites, Titanites, Tobolia, Tolvericeras, Tolypeceras, Tongoboroceras, Tonoceras, Tornoceras edwinhalli, Tornocerida, Toulisphinctes, Tovebirkelundites, Triagolytoceras, Triozites, Trochleiceras, Trolliceras, Tropitoidea, Tropitoides, Turrilitoides, Tyrannites, Uhligia, Umiates, Veveysiceras, Virgataxioceras, Virgatospinctoides, Weavericeras, Wellsia, Wheatleyites, Wichmanniceras, Yokoyamaceras, Zaraiskites, Zealandites, Zurcherella
Sister taxa
Bochianitoidea, Protancyloceratoidea, Ptychoceratoidea, Tropitoidea

View classification of included taxa

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1865Goniatites crebriseptum Barrande figs. Pl 7, figs 1,2
1884Ammonoidea Zittel
1898Tornoceras edwinhalli Clarke p. 111 fig. 85
1914Gomimonomeroceras Sobolew
1927Ammonoidea Smith
1957Ammonoidea Arkell et al. p. 7
1984Ammonoidea Klinger and Kennedy p. 130
1989Ammonoidea Klinger and Kennedy p. 266
1990Ammonoidea Kennedy and Klinger p. 233
1992Ammonoidea Klinger and Kennedy p. 73
1993Ammonoidea Klinger and Kennedy p. 186
1996Ammonoidea Wright et al. p. 1
1997Ammonoidea Cecca p. 327
2002Tornoceras edwinhalli Korn and Klug p. 155
2002Ammonoidea Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Ammonoidea Kiessling
2006Ammonoidea Shevyrev
2007Ammonoidea Landman et al. p. 57
2007Ammonoidea Sarih et al. p. 94
2009Ammonoidea Furnish et al.
2016Ammonoidea Lehmann et al. p. 440
2016Ammonoidea Wild and Stilwell p. 975
2018Ammonoidea Lukeneder and Lukeneder
2019Ammonoidea Krystyn et al. p. 239

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
RankNameAuthor
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
classCephalopodaCuvier 1797
subclassAmmonoidea(Zittel 1884)
subclassAmmonoidea(Zittel 1884)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragoniteo
Locomotion: fast-movingo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: carnivoreo
Vision: well-developedc
Created: 2005-01-28 02:27:03
Modified: 2009-10-08 14:14:55
Source: o = order, c = class
References: Kiessling 2003, Kiessling 2004

Age range: base of the Emsian to the top of the Early/Lower Paleocene or 407.60000 to 61.70000 Ma

Collections (25304 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Paleozoic541.0 - 252.17USA (Alaska) Ammonoidea indet. (112511)
Early/Lower Devonian419.2 - 393.3Czech Republic (Barrandia) Goniatitida indet., Sellanarcestes solus, Anarcestes simulans, Gyroceratites gracilis, Mimagoniatites bohemicus, Amoenophyllites amoenus, Agoniatites tabuloides, Sellanarcestes perfectus, Paranarcestes pictus, Praewerneroceras suchomastense, Werneroceras crispum (12183)
Devonian - Eifelian419.2 - 387.7Czech Republic Goniatitida indet. (10470)
Early/Lower Devonian - Eifelian419.2 - 387.7Czech Republic Anarcestes plebeius, Foordites veniens, Anarcestes simulans, Agoniatites tabuloides (12149) Anarcestes plebius, Goniatitida indet., Goniatites crebriseptus, Sellanarcestes certus, Anarcestes lateseptatus, Anarcestes plebeius, Foordites veniens, Sellanarcestes neglectus, Sellanarcestes crassior, Anarcestes simulans, Anarcestes latissimus, Gyroceratites gracilis, Amoenophyllites amoenus, Agoniatites praeceps, Agoniatites tabuloides, Sellanarcestes cognatus, Sellanarcestes perfectus, Anarcestes applanatus, Anarcestes densistriatus, Werneroceras hanusi, Werneroceras crispum (12148)
Devonian419.2 - 358.9USA (Alaska) Agoniatites sp. (114978)
Pragian - Emsian410.8 - 393.3Turkey (Istanbul) Convoluticeras buluti, Anetoceras solitarium (32470)
Early/Lower Emsian409.1 - 402.5Germany Chebbites sp., Mimagoniatites fecundus, Gyroceratites heinricherbeni, Ivoites opitzi, Mimosphinctes tripartitus (163369) Ivoites schindewolfi, Ivoites opitzi, Erbenoceras solitarium (163370) Ivoites schindewolfi, Ivoites opitzi, Ivoites hunsrueckianus, Erbenoceras solitarium (163366) Mimagoniatites falcistria, Teicherticeras primigenitum, Anetoceras arduennense (26904) Mimagoniatites fecundus, Ivoites opitzi, Ivoites hunsrueckianus (163367) Teicherticeras sp., Ivoites sp. (163368) Teicherticeras teicherti (182837)
Early/Lower Emsian409.1 - 402.5Czech Republic Anetoceras hunsrueckianum (172645 172648) Anetoceras solitarium (172631 172632 172633 172635 172636) Goniatites fecundus, Goniatites lituus, Celaeceras praematurum (172650) Goniatites fecundus, Goniatites solitarius, Teicherticeras imago, Goniatites praematurus (172630) Goniatites solitarius (172629) Gyroceras circulare (173000) Gyroceras tenue (172649) Gyroceratites laevis (172996) Mimagoniatites fecundus (172660 172661 172662) Mimagoniatites fecundus, Anetoceras solitarium (172634) Mimagoniatites zlichovensis, Mimagoniatites fecundus, Anetoceras hunsrueckianum, Gyroceratites laevis, Teicherticeras discordans (12147) Mimosphinctes zlichovensis, Anetoceras hunsrueckianum (172647) Mimosphinctes zlichovensis, Gyroceratites laevis, Anetoceras hunsrueckianum (172646) Palaeogoniatites lituus (172651 172652) Teicherticeras senior, Anetoceras oriens (172637)
Early/Lower Emsian409.1 - 402.5Russian Federation (Arkhangel'skaya Oblast') Anetoceras sp., Erbenoceras sp. A, Erbenoceras sp. B (40704) Convoluticeras sp., Gracilites svetlanae (40703)
Early/Lower Emsian409.1 - 402.5Morocco Anetoceras obliquecostatum, Lenzites gesinae (150580) Lenzites gesinae, Teicherticeras senior, Weyeroceras angustus (150581) Metabactrites ernsti (150361) Mimosphinctinae indet. (150360) Weyeroceras angustus (150582)

Youngest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state PBDB collection number
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Ukraine Pachydiscus gollevillensis (183324)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (South Dakota) Baculites larsoni, Baculites sp., Discoscaphites conradi, Discoscaphites gulosus, Hoploscaphites nicolletii, Hoploscaphites comprimus, Jeletzkytes spedeni, Baculites columna (88510) Baculites larsoni, Discoscaphites sp., Sphenodiscus beecheri, Sphenodiscus sp., Discoscaphites conradi, Discoscaphites gulosus, Jeletzkytes nebrascensis, Sphenodiscus lenticularis, Hoploscaphites nicolletii, Hoploscaphites comprimus, Discoscaphites rossi (88511) Discoscaphites conradi (178628 178629 178630 178631 178632 178633 178637 178639 178640 178642) Discoscaphites conradi, Discoscaphites gulosus (178634) Discoscaphites conradi, Discoscaphites gulosus, Hoploscaphites nicolletii (178557 178561) Discoscaphites conradi, Discoscaphites gulosus, Hoploscaphites nicolletii, Jeletzkytes spedeni (88512 178555 178638) Discoscaphites conradi, Discoscaphites gulosus, Jeletzkytes spedeni (178600 178602) Discoscaphites conradi, Jeletzkytes spedeni (178606) Discoscaphites gulosus (178643 178644 178645 178646 178647 178648 178649 178650 178651 178652 178653 178654 178655) Discoscaphites gulosus, Hoploscaphites nicolletii (178558 178559 178563 178564 178572) Discoscaphites gulosus, Hoploscaphites nicolletii, Jeletzkytes spedeni (178553) Discoscaphites gulosus, Jeletzkytes nebrascensis (178624) Discoscaphites gulosus, Jeletzkytes spedeni (178601 178604) Discoscaphites rossi (178656 178657 178658) Hoploscaphites comprimus (178576 178581 178583) Hoploscaphites comprimus, Discoscaphites rossi (178580 178586) Hoploscaphites nicolleti, Jeletzkytes spendeni (194136) Hoploscaphites nicolletii (178565 178566 178567 178568 178570 178573 178574 178635) Hoploscaphites nicolletii, Jeletzkytes spedeni (178554 178562 178569 178571 178575) Hoploscaphites sp., Hoploscaphites nicolletii (178597 178598) Hoploscaphites sp., Hoploscaphites nicolletii, Jeletzkytes spedeni (178560) Jeletzkytes dorfi (178627) Jeletzkytes nebrascensis (178615 178616 178617 178618 178619 178620 178621 178622) Jeletzkytes nebrascensis, Discoscaphites rossi (178614 178623) Jeletzkytes nebrascensis, Hoploscaphites comprimus (178577 178578 178584 178585) Jeletzkytes nebrascensis, Hoploscaphites comprimus, Discoscaphites rossi (178579 178582) Jeletzkytes spedeni (178599 178603 178605 178607 178608 178609 178610 178611 178612 178613 178636 178641) Sphenodiscus pleurisepta (178315)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Netherlands (Limburg) Baculites faujasi (67134)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Oman Brahmaites vishnu (175463) Desmophyllites diphylloides (175462) Pachydiscus neubergicus (175468)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (South Carolina) Baculites sp., Sphenodiscus sp. (4346) Sphenodiscus sp. (4342 4352 4361) Sphenodiscus sp., Baculites columna (4344 4351)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Maryland) Baculites sp., Discoscaphites conradi (4374) Baculites sp., Discoscaphites iris, Sphenodiscus sp. (4371) Baculites sp., Discoscaphites sp., Sphenodiscus sp., Discoscaphites conradi (4367) Baculites sp., Sphenodiscus sp., Baculites carinatus, Discoscaphites conradi (4375) Baculites sp., Sphenodiscus sp., Discoscaphites conradi (4364 4368 4376) Baculites sp., Sphenodiscus sp., Sphenodiscus lobatus (4366) Baculites vertebralis, Sphenodiscus lobatus, Eubaculites latecarinatus, Jeletzkytes nebrascensis (82400) Baculites vertebralis, Sphenodiscus lobatus, Sphenodiscus pleurisepta, Jeletzkytes nebrascensis (82408) Discoscaphites gulosus, Jeletzkytes nebrascensis (82404) Discoscaphites iris, Sphenodiscus sp., Discoscaphites conradi (4369 4370) Jeletzkytes nebrascensis (82401 82402) Sphenodiscus lobatus (82403) Sphenodiscus lobatus, Jeletzkytes nebrascensis (82399) Sphenodiscus sp. (4365 4373) Sphenodiscus sp., Discoscaphites conradi (4372)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian - Early/Lower Paleocene70.6 - 61.7USA (New Jersey) Pachydiscus sp., Sphenodiscus lobatus, Baculites ovatus (26819)
Danian66.0 - 61.6USA (Alabama) Baculites sp. (83261)
Danian66.0 - 61.6USA (Texas) Ammonoidea indet. (5570 5571 5573 5574 5575) Ammonoidea indet., Scaphites sp. (5572)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Turkmenistan Scaphitidae indet. (183340)