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Therapsida (therapsid)

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1905Therapsida Broom p. 269
1910Therapsida Gregory p. 464
1913Therapsida Broom
1937Therapsida Roxo p. 43
1953Therapsida Olson and Beerbower p. 414
1954Therapsida Haughton and Brink p. 5
1954Therapsida Huene p. 29
1962Therapsida Olson pp. 47, 95
1972Therapsida Waldman and Savage
1974Therapsida Barry p. 121
1974Therapsida Olson p. 28
1988Therapsida Carroll
1991Therapsida Rubidge
1995Therapsida Long and Murry p. 199
1996Therapsida Laurin and Reisz p. 95
1997Therapsida King and Jenkins p. 150
2001Therapsida Rubidge and Sidor
2011Therapsida Fröbisch and Reisz p. 341 fig. 6
2011Therapsida Kammerer et al.
2012Novocynodon kutorgai Ivakhnenko

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
RankNameAuthor
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
Therapsida()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Maximum body mass: 1374.7 kgs
Minimum body mass: 3 gs
Environment: terrestrialuc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2017-04-17 15:15:35
Modified: 2017-04-17 15:15:35
Source: s = species, c = class, subp = subphylum, uc = unranked clade
References: Kiessling 2004, Johnson and Madden 1997, Uhen and Gingerich 1995, Hu et al. 2005, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Kungurian to the top of the Holocene or 279.30000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 272.3 Ma

Collections (20737 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Permian298.9 - 252.17Tanzania (Ruvuma) Abajudon kaayai (188881) Endothiodon indet. (188882)
Permian298.9 - 252.17South Africa (Karoo Basin) Diictodon sp. (188672)
Permian298.9 - 252.17South Africa (Northern Cape) Burnetiamorpha indet. (190040)
Permian298.9 - 252.17South Africa Burnetiamorpha sp. (190042 190043) Cistecephalus sp. (189533) Dicynodon sp. (189534) Dicynodontoides sp. (189535) Diictodon sp. (190082) Lemurosaurus pricei (190136) Moschorhinus kitchingi, Protocynodon pricei (190137)
Ufimian - Late/Upper Kazanian279.5 - 268.0Russian Federation (Komi Republic) Biarmosuchus sp. (180620)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3USA (Texas) Tetraceratops insignis (28256)
Kungurian - Roadian279.3 - 268.8USA (Texas) Dimacrodon hottoni (79694) Dimacrodon sp. (85171)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8China (Gansu) Biseridens qilianicus, Raranimus dashankouensis (85431)
Guadalupian272.3 - 259.9South Africa (Northern Cape) Eodicynodon oosthuizeni (189033) Prosictodon dubei (188880)
Guadalupian272.3 - 259.9Zambia (Southern) Burnetiidae indet., Dicynodontia indet., Wantulignathus gwembensis (171619)
Guadalupian272.3 - 259.9South Africa (Western Cape) Dicynodon jouberti, Opisthoctenodon brachyops, Dicynodon pseudojouberti, Hyorhynchus platyceps (177007)
Guadalupian272.3 - 259.9South Africa (Eastern Cape) Eodicynodon oelofseni, Eodicynodon oosthuizeni (75452)
Guadalupian272.3 - 259.9South Africa Anomocephalus africanus (190044)
Guadalupian272.3 - 259.9South Africa (Free State) Choerosaurus dejageri (188666 188669)
Roadian - Capitanian272.3 - 259.9Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) Tiarajudens eccentricus (106558)
Wordian268.8 - 265.1South Africa (Eastern Cape) Patranomodon hyaphulii, Eodicynodon oosthuizeni (75451)
Wordian268.8 - 265.1South Africa (Northern Cape) Anomocephalus africanus (176318)
Wordian268.8 - 265.1Russian Federation Anomodontia indet. (197588 197767) Therapsida indet. (197595)
Wordian268.8 - 265.1South Africa (Western Cape) Endothiodontidae indet., Dicynodontidae indet., Therapsida indet., Eodicynodon oosthuizeni (94777) Eodicynodon oosthuizeni (94778 94779 176321) Glanosuchus macrops, Ictidosaurus angusticeps, Eodicynodon oosthuizeni (94649)
Wordian - Capitanian268.8 - 259.9Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) Rastodon procurvidens (185751)