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Rissa

Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Laridae

Taxonomy
Rissa was named by Stephens (1826). It is extant.

It was reranked as Larus (Rissa) by Bruch (1853).

It was assigned to Larus by Bruch (1853); to Larinae by Chandler (1990); and to Laridae by Guthrie (1992), Smith (2011) and Clements et al. (2017).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1826Rissa Stephens
1853Larus (Rissa) Bruch
1990Rissa Chandler p. 132
1992Rissa Guthrie p. 323
2011Rissa Smith p. 30 figs. Figure 14
2017Rissa Clements et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
RankNameAuthor
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
Maniraptora
Paraves
classAves
orderCharadriiformesHuxley 1867
familyLaridaeVigors 1825
genusRissaStephens 1826

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteo
Entire body: yeso
Adult length: 10 to < 100o
Adult width: 1.0 to < 10o
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10o
Architecture: compact or denseo
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partso
Grouping: solitaryo
Environment: marineo
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: carnivoresubo
Reproduction: oviparouso
Dispersal: direct/internalo
Dispersal 2: mobileo
Created: 2017-04-17 10:41:05
Modified: 2017-04-17 10:41:05
Source: subo = suborder, o = order
References: Benton 1983, Bush and Bambach 2015, Marsh 1875

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Blancan to the top of the Holocene or 4.90000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 1.8 Ma

Collections (7 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (California) R. estesi (178007 178017)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117United Kingdom R. tridactyla (124956)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (California) R. tridactyla (125234 176102)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Greenland R. tridactyla (162014)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0USA (Alaska) R. brevirostris (177178)