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Medlicottioidea

Cephalopoda - Prolecanitida

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1889Medlicottiaceae Karpinsky
1969Medlicottiaceae Kummel
1981Medlicottiaceae Tozer
1989Medlicottiaceae Leonova p. 79
2000Medlicottiaceae Titus p. 17
2002Medlicottiaceae Leonova
2006Medlicottiaceae Korn
2009Medlicottioidea Furnish et al. p. 193
2016Medlicottiaceae Korn and Sudar p. 218
2017Medlicottioidea Zhou p. 22

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
RankNameAuthor
phylumMollusca
classCephalopodaCuvier 1797
subclassAmmonoidea()
orderProlecanitidaMiller and Furnish 1954
superfamilyMedlicottioidea(Karpinsky 1889)
superfamilyMedlicottioidea(Karpinsky 1889)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Superfm. †Medlicottioidea Karpinsky 1889
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Fm. †Medlicottiidae Karpinsky 1889
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Subfm. †Artioceratinae Leonova 1989
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G. †Artioceras Ruzhencev 1947
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Artioceras rhipaeum Ruzhentsev 1939
G. †Artioceratoides Leonova 1985
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Artioceratoides pristinum Leonova 1992
Artioceratoides victori Leonova 1985
Subfm. †Episageceratinae Ruzhencev 1956
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G. †Episageceras Noetling 1904
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Episageceras boulei Vaillant-Couturier Treat 1933
Episageceras dalailamae Diener 1897
Episageceras dorogoyi Bychkov et al. 1976
Episageceras intermedium Welter 1922
Episageceras noetlingi Haniel 1915
Episageceras wynnei Waagen 1880
Invalid names: Protosageceras Popov 1961 [synonym]
G. †Latisageceras Ruzhencev 1956
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Latisageceras kasliuense Haniel 1915
Latisageceras latidorsatum Noetling 1904
Latisageceras woondumense Runnegar 1969
G. †Nodosageceras Ruzhencev 1956
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Nodosageceras nodosum Wanner 1931
Subfm. †Medlicottiinae Karpinsky 1889
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G. †Akmilleria Ruzhencev 1940
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Akmilleria adkinsi Plummer and Scott 1937
Akmilleria electraensis Plummer and Scott 1937
Akmilleria huecoensis Miller and Furnish 1940
Akmilleria transitoria Haniel 1915
Akmilleria whortani Miller 1936
G. †Artinskia Karpinsky 1926
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Artinskia artiensis Grünewaldt 1860
Artinskia irinae Ruzhentsev 1938
Artinskia kazakhstanica Ruzhentsev 1951
Artinskia lilianae Miller and Youngquist 1947
Artinskia multituberculata Ruzhencev 1938
Artinskia nalivkini Ruzhentsev 1938
Artinskia sassykensis Tumanskaya 1939
Artinskia separata Leonova 1992
Artinskia simile Haniel 1915
Artinskia timorensis Haniel 1915
G. †Eumedlicottia Spath 1934
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Eumedlicottia bifrons Gemmellaro 1887
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Invalid names: Eumedlicottia guadalupensis Plummer and Scott 1937 [synonym]
Eumedlicottia nikitini Zakharov 1986
Eumedlicottia primas Waagen 1872
Eumedlicottia subprimas Haniel 1915
Eumedlicottia verneuili Gemmellaro 1887
Eumedlicottia whitneyi Böse 1919
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Invalid names: Eumedlicottia crotonensis Plummer and Scott 1937 [synonym]
G. †Medlicottia Waagen 1880
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Medlicottia arroyoensis Plummer and Scott 1937
Medlicottia basarensis Toumanskaya 1949
Medlicottia busterensis Toumanskaya 1949
Medlicottia chozaensis Plummer and Scott 1937
Medlicottia copei White 1889
Medlicottia costellifera Miller and Furnish 1940
Medlicottia gansuensis Liang 1981
Medlicottia illius de Gregorio 1930
Medlicottia intermedia Ruzhentsev 1949
Medlicottia jakovlevi Toumanskaya 1949
Medlicottia karpinskyana Krotow 1885
Medlicottia kingorum Miller and Furnish 1940
Medlicottia media Ruzhentsev 1949
Medlicottia milleri Plummer and Scott 1937
Medlicottia orbignyana de Verneuil 1845
Medlicottia orientalis Liang 1981
Medlicottia postorbignyana Bogoslovskaya 1997
Medlicottia semota Ruzhencev 1951
Medlicottia subdorbignyi Gerassimov 1937
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Invalid names: Medlicottia vetusta Ruzhencev 1949 [synonym]
Medlicottia tenuis Leonova 1985
G. †Neogeoceras Ruzhencev 1947
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Neogeoceras canavari Greco 1935
Neogeoceras girtyi Miller and Furnish 1940
Neogeoceras glabrum Bogoslovskaya 1982
Neogeoceras kitakamiensis Bando and Ehiro 1985
Neogeoceras macnairi Nassichuk et al. 1965
Neogeoceras malmqvisti Frebold 1932
Neogeoceras marcoui Gemmellaro 1887
Neogeoceras smithi Miller and Furnish 1940
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Invalid names: Propinacoceras insulcatum Smith 1927 [replaced]
Neogeoceras tenum Sheng and Liu 1983
Neogeoceras thaumastum Ruzhentsev 1976
Neogeoceras trautscholdi Gemmellaro 1887
G. †Paramedlicottia Leonova 1992
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G. †Syrdenites Nassichuk et al. 1965
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Syrdenites stoyanowi Nassichuk et al. 1965
Subfm. †Miklukhoceratinae Leonova 1989
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G. †Miklukhoceras Pavlov 1967
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Miklukhoceras pamiricum Pavlov 1967
Miklukhoceras praevium Leonova 1992
Miklukhoceras pressulum Leonova 1984
Invalid names: Kunlunoceras Wang 1983 [synonym]
Subfm. †Propinacoceratinae Plummer and Scott 1937
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G. †Bamyaniceras Termier and Termier 1970
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Bamyaniceras australe Teichert 1942
Bamyaniceras baranovi Tumanskaya 1949
Bamyaniceras bornemani Toumanskaya 1937
Bamyaniceras bouyxi Termier and Termier 1970
Bamyaniceras darwasi Karpinsky 1889
Bamyaniceras knighti Miller and Furnish 1940
Bamyaniceras kubergandense Toumanskaya 1935
Bamyaniceras loeiense Ishibashi et al. 1996
Bamyaniceras magnum Leonova 1992
Bamyaniceras multilobatum Leonova 1984
Bamyaniceras orientale Sone et al. 2001
Bamyaniceras polae Toumanskaya 1949
Bamyaniceras simile Haniel 1915
Bamyaniceras simplex Leonova 1984
Bamyaniceras spatiosum Leonova 1992
Bamyaniceras tersum Leonova 1992
G. †Darvasiceras Leonova 1990
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Darvasiceras mirum Leonova 1990
G. †Difuntites Glenister and Furnish 1988
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Difuntites furnishi Zhou 2017
Difuntites hidius Ruzhentsev 1976
G. †Propinacoceras Gemmellaro 1887
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Propinacoceras affine Gemmellaro 1887
Propinacoceras ajense Maximova 1935
Propinacoceras aktubense Ruzhentsev 1939
Propinacoceras asiaticum Toumanskaya 1949
Propinacoceras beyrichi Gemmellaro 1887
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Invalid names: Propinacoceras americanum Miller and Warren 1933 [synonym]
Propinacoceras busterense Tumanskaya 1939
Propinacoceras galilaei Gemmellaro 1887
Propinacoceras junctum Leonova 1989
Propinacoceras modestum Leonova 1992
Propinacoceras sangobense Leonova 1992
Subfm. †Sicanitinae Noetling 1904
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G. †Parasicanites Leonova 1985
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Parasicanites apertus Leonova 1992
Parasicanites belcheri Nassichuk 1970
G. †Prosicanites Toumansky 1937
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Prosicanites edelsteini Toumansky 1937
Prosicanites laxilectus Leonova 1992
Prosicanites minutus Leonova 1992
Prosicanites papuanus Smith 1927
G. †Sicanites Gemmellaro 1887
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Sicanites bactrianus Leonova 1985
Sicanites croaticus Vogl 1913
Sicanites evolutus Leonova 1985
Sicanites notabilis Ruzhentsev 1940
Sicanites schopeni Gemmellaro 1887
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Invalid names: Sicanites mojsisovicsi Gemmellaro 1887 [synonym]
Invalid names: Aktubinskia Ruzhencev 1940 [synonym]
G. †Synartinskia Ruzhencev 1937
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Synartinskia orientalis Leonova 1992
Synartinskia principalis Ruzhentsev 1939
Synartinskia sakmarae Karpinsky 1874
G. †Vanartinskia Ruzhentsev 1978
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Vanartinskia asiana Ruzhentsev 1978
Subfm. †Uddenitinae Miller and Furnish 1940
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G. †Daixites Ruzhencev 1941
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Daixites antipovi Ruzhentsev 1950
Daixites attenuatus Ruzhentsev 1952
Daixites meglitzkyi Ruzhentsev 1941
G. †Neouddenites Ruzhencev 1961
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Neouddenites andrianovi Ruzhentsev 1961
Neouddenites caurus Nassichuk et al. 1965
Neouddenites echiensis Kutygin 2020
Neouddenites orientalis Bogoslovskaya 1991
G. †Prouddenites Miller 1930
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Prouddenites boesei Smith 1929
Prouddenites evolutus Kutygin 2020
Prouddenites primus Miller 1930
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Invalid names: Prouddenites grafordensis Plummer and Scott 1937 [synonym]
Prouddenites terminalis Ruzhentsev 1950
G. †Uddenites Böse 1919
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Uddenites convexus Ruzhentsev 1949
Uddenites harlani Plummer and Scott 1937
Uddenites orenburgensis Ruzhentsev 1949
Uddenites postsakmarensis Ruzhentsev 1949
Uddenites sakmarensis Ruzhentsev 1939
Uddenites schucherti Böse 1919
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Invalid names: Uddenites minor Böse 1919 [synonym]
Uddenites serratus Plummer and Scott 1937
Uddenites tuberculatus Ruzhentsev 1949
G. †Uddenoceras Miller and Furnish 1954
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Uddenoceras oweni Miller and Furnish 1940
Invalid names: Propinacoceratidae Plummer and Scott 1937 [synonym]
Fm. †Pronoritidae Frech 1901
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Subfm. †Neopronoritinae Weyer 1972
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G. †Neopronorites Ruzhencev 1936
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Neopronorites asianus Leonova 1988
Neopronorites bakeri Miller and Furnish 1940
Neopronorites carboniferus Ruzhentsev 1949
Neopronorites darvasicus Leonova 1988
Neopronorites magnus Maximova 1938
Neopronorites milleri Ruzhentsev 1938
Neopronorites permicus Tchernow 1907
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Invalid names: Parapronorites biarmicus Shulga-Nesterenko 1916 [synonym], Parapronorites biformis Tchernow 1907 [synonym], Parapronorites multidentatus Schulga-Nesterenko 1916 [synonym], Parapronorites petschoricus Schulga-Nesterenko 1916 [synonym], Parapronorites tenuiserratus Tchernow 1907 [synonym], Parapronorites tridentatus Schulga-Nesterenko 1916 [synonym]
Neopronorites praepermicus Karpinsky 1874
Neopronorites prior Ruzhentsev 1949
Neopronorites rotundus Maximova 1938
Neopronorites schucherti Ruzhencev 1938
Neopronorites shinini Ruzhencev 1938
Neopronorites skvorzovi Tchernow 1907
Neopronorites tenkensis Kutygin 2015
Neopronorites tenuis Karpinsky 1889
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Invalid names: Epipronorites magnus Maxomiva 1938 [synonym], Parapronorites mojsisovicsi Karpinsky 1889 [synonym], Parapronorites vetus Gerassimov 1937 [synonym]
Invalid names: Epipronorites Maximova 1938 [synonym]
G. †Paedopronorites Glenister et al. 2004
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Paedopronorites leonovae Glenister et al. 2004
G. †Parapronorites Gemmellaro 1887
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Parapronorites konincki Gemmellaro 1887
Parapronorites latus Karpinsky 1889
Parapronorites rectus Leonova 1989
Parapronorites subitus Leonova 1992
G. †Sakmarites Ruzhencev 1936
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Sakmarites ajdaralense Ruzhencev 1951
Sakmarites asaphus Ruzhencev 1938
Sakmarites hanieli Ruzhencev 1949
Sakmarites inflatus Ruzhencev 1951
Sakmarites postcarbonarius Karpinsky 1874
Sakmarites tardus Borissenkov 2010
Sakmarites vulgaris Karpinsky 1889
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Invalid names: Parapronorites urmensis Tchernow 1907 [synonym]
G. †Shikhanites Ruzhencev 1938
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Shikhanites singularis Ruzhencev 1938
Subfm. †Pronoritinae Frech 1901
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G. †Megapronorites Ruzhencev 1949
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Megapronorites baconi Miller et al. 1952
Megapronorites itimensis Korn and Ebbighausen 2006
Megapronorites sakmarensis Ruzhentsev 1949
G. †Metapronorites Librovitch 1938
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Metapronorites angustus Andrianov 1985
Metapronorites bifidus Andrianov 1985
Metapronorites certus Andrianov 1985
Metapronorites cuneilobatus Ruzhentsev 1949
Metapronorites ellesmerensis Nassichuk 1975
Metapronorites polaris Andrianov 1985
Metapronorites vladimiri Andrianov 1985
G. †Pronorites Mojsisovics 1882
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Pronorites mediterranea Renz and Renz 1948
G. †Pseudopronorites Nassichuk 1975
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Invalid names: Pronorites siebenthali Smith 1903 [synonym]
Pseudopronorites karpinskii Librovitch 1939
Pseudopronorites llanoensis Plummer and Scott 1937
Pseudopronorites quinni Gordon 1968
G. †Stenopronorites Schindewolf 1934
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Stenopronorites ferganensis Rauser-Tschernoussowa 1928
Stenopronorites onerosus Ruzhentsev and Bogoslovskaya 1978
Stenopronorites sersoni Nassichuk 1975
Stenopronorites uralensis Karpinsky 1889
Invalid names: Minepronorites Nishida et al. 1998 [synonym], Sinopronorites Ruan 1981 [synonym]
G. †Tridentites Schindewolf 1934
G. †Uralopronorites Librovitch and Ruzhencev 1949
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Uralopronorites mirus Librovitch 1949
Fm. †Sundaitidae Ruzhencev 1957
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G. †Sundaites Haniel 1915
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Sundaites levis Haniel 1915
Invalid names: Darvasiceratidae Leonova 1990 [empty], Shikhanitidae Ruzhencev 1951 [empty]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragoniteo
Environment: marinec
Locomotion: fast-movingo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: carnivoreo
Vision: well-developedc
Created: 2005-10-06 14:37:20
Modified: 2005-10-06 16:37:20
Source: o = order, c = class
References: Aberhan et al. 2004, Kiessling 2004, Kiessling 2003

Age range: base of the Asbian to the top of the Anisian or 340.00000 to 242.00000 Ma

Collections (608 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Asbian340.0 - 336.0Bosnia and Herzegovina Pronorites sp. (206737)
Asbian340.0 - 336.0Serbia and Montenegro Pronorites sp. (177511 177513)
Brigantian336.0 - 330.9Morocco Megapronorites itimensis (157742 157743 157749)
Brigantian336.0 - 330.9Kazakhstan Megapronorites sakmarensis (166867 166868 166869 166871)
Brigantian - Pendleian336.0 - 327.0Serbia and Montenegro Uralopronorites mirus (177518 178460)
Pendleian330.9 - 327.0USA (Arkansas) Pronorites baconi (84400)
Pendleian330.9 - 327.0Russian Federation (Bashkortostan) Megapronorites sakmarensis, Uralopronorites mirus (166952)
Pendleian330.9 - 327.0Kazakhstan Megapronorites sakmarensis (166873 166874 166875 166876 166877 166887) Megapronorites sakmarensis, Uralopronorites mirus (166865 166866 166878 166879 166880 166881 166882 166884 166885 166886 166888 166889 166891 166892 166893 166894 166895 166897 166898) Uralopronorites mirus (8421)
Pendleian330.9 - 327.0Russian Federation (Orenburg) Megapronorites sakmarensis (166939 166941) Megapronorites sakmarensis, Uralopronorites mirus (166475 166930 166937 166944 166945) Uralopronorites mirus (166900)
Arnsbergian327.0 - 323.7Russian Federation (Orenburg) Megapronorites sakmarensis (166949) Stenopronorites uralensis (166934 166935 166946 166947 166948) Uralopronorites mirus (166932 166938)

Youngest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state PBDB collection number
Griesbachian251.902 - 250.5India Episageceras dalailamae (44017 44021 44028) Medlicottia dalailamae (85463)
Griesbachian251.902 - 250.5Oman Episageceras sp. (214532)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2China (Gunagxi) Latisageceras kasliuense (44014)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2Indonesia Episageceras sp. (204267)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2Indonesia (Timor) Episageceras intermedium (205641)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2Australia (Queensland) Latisageceras woondumense (44044 116736)
Dienerian250.5 - 251.2Russian Federation (Siberia) Episageceras antiquum (48504)
Dienerian250.5 - 251.2Pakistan Episageceras latidorsatum (215026)
Dienerian250.5 - 251.2Russian Federation Episageceras dalailamae (127715)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Indonesia Episageceras sp. (215009)