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Ctenacanthiformes

Chondrichthyes - Ctenacanthiformes

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1988Ctenacanthida Cappetta
2002Ctenacanthida Sepkoski, Jr.
2004Ctenacanthiformes Goto and Okura p. 217
2005Ctenacanthiformes Ginter et al. p. 624
2010Ctenacanthiformes Ginter et al. p. 67
2011Ctenacanthiformes Long p. 242

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
RankNameAuthor
superclassGnathostomata
classChondrichthyes
subclassElasmobranchiiBonaparte 1838
infraclassEuselachii()
orderCtenacanthiformes(Cappetta 1988)
orderCtenacanthiformes(Cappetta 1988)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-21 06:57:49
Modified: 2009-07-21 08:57:49
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Wagner 2017, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Emsian to the top of the Early/Lower Miocene or 407.60000 to 15.97000 Ma

Collections (161 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Emsian - Eifelian407.6 - 387.7Brazil (Piaui) Ctenacanthus sp. (37126 37128)
Late/Upper Frasnian379.5 - 376.1Russian Federation (Komi) Ctenacanthidae indet. (133353)
Famennian372.2 - 358.9USA (Ohio) Ctenacanthus compressus (90676 90677) Tamiobatis vetustus (90624)
Middle Famennian370.6 - 364.7Russian Federation (Komi) Ctenacanthidae indet. (133358 133359)
Kinderhookian360.7 - 353.8USA (Indiana) Cladodus springeri (6730)
Early/Lower Mississippian360.7 - 345.3USA (Alabama) Cladodus magnificus, Ctenacanthus elegans (84108)
Tournaisian358.9 - 346.7Russian Federation Ctenacanthidae indet. (133363)
Mississippian358.9 - 323.2USA (Alabama) Cladodus magnificus, Cladodus newmani (84103)
Mississippian358.9 - 323.2United Kingdom Cladodus striatus, Ctenacanthus heterogyrus, Ctenacanthus crenatus, Cladodus mirabilis, Asteroptychius ornatus, Asteroptychius semiornatus, Cladodus laevis, Ctenacanthus distans (132781) Ctenacanthus denticulatus (137332) Ctenacanthus heterogyrus, Acondylacanthus distrans, Asteroptychius ornatus, Ctenacanthus sulcatus, Ctenacanthus laevis, Ctenacanthus pustulatus, Acondylacanthus attenuatus, Acondylacanthus colei, Acondylacanthus tenuistriatus (137333)
Arundian345.0 - 342.8United Kingdom (Dumfries and Galloway) Goodrichthys eskdalensis (90682)
Meramecian345.0 - 336.0USA (Nevada) Cladodus sp. (62674 62842)
Serpukhovian330.9 - 323.2USA (Montana) Ctenacanthus indet. (5621) Ctenacanthus indet., Cladodus sp. (5641)
Bashkirian323.2 - 315.2United Kingdom (England) Cladodus mirabilis (132670)
Bashkirian323.2 - 315.2USA (Wyoming) Heslerodus divergens (149375)
Pennsylvanian323.2 - 298.9United Kingdom Ctenacanthus denticulatus (132785)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (South Dakota) Cladodus sp. (132341)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (Ohio) Heslerodus divergens (149379)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0Greenland Ctenacanthus sp. (90245)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (Colorado) Bythiacanthus sp. 1, Bythiacanthus sp. 2, Ctenacanthus buttersi, Acondylacanthus nuperus, Ctenacanthus furcicarinatus (132302) Ctenacanthus buttersi (132298 132299 132300 132301 132303)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (Illinois) Bandringa rayi (132078) Ctenacanthus buttersi (132297) Phoebodus heslerorum, Symmorium reniforme (133406) Styptobasis aculeata (132163)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (Arizona) Acandylacanthus sp., Amelacanthus sp., Cladodus occidentalis (90772)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0Japan Cladodus sp. 1, Cladodus sp. 2, Cladodus sp. 3, Cladodus sp. 4 (90282)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (indiana) Phoebodus heslerorum, Symmorium reniforme (132245)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (Indiana) Phoebodus heslerorum, Symmorium reniforme (131614 132119 132157 132226 132282) Symmorium reniforme (132120 132182 132185 132194 132197 132227 132239 133408 133409 133412 133414)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (New Mexico) Bythiacanthus sp. (149385)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0Russian Federation Cladodus lamnoides, Cladodus divergens (132707) Symmorium reniforme (121038 121039)
Moscovian - Kasimovian315.2 - 303.7United Kingdom Ctenacanthus minor (132867)
Westphalian D311.45 - 306.95USA (Illinois) Bandringa herdinae (132455)
Kasimovian307.0 - 303.7USA (Nebraska) Cladodus mortifer (132676) Cladodus occidentalis (132967 133262 133263) Ctenacanthus amblyxiphias (132978 133265) Phoebodus heslerorum (133404)
Kasimovian307.0 - 303.7USA (New Mexico) Ctenacanthus sp., Symmorium reniforme (130312)
Kasimovian307.0 - 303.7USA (Kansas) Cladodus occidentalis, Bythiacanthus sp. (132333) Ctenacanthus sp., Cladodus sp. (117102)
Gzhelian303.7 - 298.9USA (Nebraska) Glikmanius myachkovensis (149380)
Gzhelian303.7 - 298.9USA (Ohio) Heslerodus divergens (149377 149378)
Gzhelian303.7 - 298.9USA (Kansas) Ctenacanthidae indet. (120926)
Gzhelian303.7 - 298.9USA (Pennsylvania) Heslerodus divergens (149376)
Gzhelian - Asselian303.7 - 295.5Russian Federation Cladodus divergens (133283)
Noginian301.2 - 300.2USA (Kansas) Cladodus sp. (11789 11866 11958)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5USA (Texas) Ctenacanthus amblyxiphias (132657)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5Russian Federation (Orenburg) Heslerodus sp. (90291)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5USA (Kansas) Amelacanthus sp. (132374) Cladodus sp. (12111 12115) Cladodus sp., Ctenacanthus amblyxiphias (132373) Ctenacanthus sp., Cladodus sp., Cladodus occidentalis (132372)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5Bolivia Cladodus sp. (118107)
Cisuralian298.9 - 272.3USA (Texas) Ctenacanthus amblyxiphias (149353)
Permian298.9 - 252.17USA (Alaska) Wodnika borealis (119889)
Sakmarian295.5 - 290.1USA (Kansas) Cladodus sp. (130813)
Sakmarian295.5 - 290.1Oman Glikmanius myachkovensis (140654)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3Russian Federation (Bashkortostan) Heslerodus sp. (90295)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3Russian Federation (Sverdlovsk) Heslerodus sp. (90292)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3Greenland Cladodus sp. (90246)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3USA (Nebraska) Styptobasis knightiana (149351)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3USA (Kansas) Ctenacanthus amblyxiphias (149352)
Artinskian - Kungurian290.1 - 272.3USA (Texas) Ctenacanthus amblyxiphias (85299) Glikmanius occidentalis (117094)
Leonard290.1 - 268.0USA (Oklahoma) Ctenacanthus sp. (84941)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3Brazil (Maranhao) Ctenacanthidae indet. (192146)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3USA (Arizona) Glikmanius occidentalis, Glikmanius myachkovensis, Heslerodus divergens, Kaibabvenator swiftae, Nanoskalme natans, Neosaivodus flagstaffensis (132087) Neosaivodus flagstaffensis (132089) Saivodus sp., Kaibabvenator swiftae, Nanoskalme natans (132088)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3USA (Texas) Glikmanius occidentalis (117092)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8USA (Wyoming) Cladodus occidentalis, Ctenacanthus browni, Ctenacanthus obscuracostatus, Eunemacanthus keytei (128880) Ctenacanthus amblyxiphias (149345)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8USA (Arizona) Glikmanius occidentalis, Glikmanius myachkovensis, Neosaivodus flagstaffensis (132091) Kaibabvenator swiftae (132090 132092 132093)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8Japan Symmorium sp. (90286)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8Russian Federation Ctenacanthus sp. (164808)
Wordian268.8 - 265.1Japan Glikmanius occidentalis (117864)
Wordian268.8 - 265.1Oman Amelacanthus sulcatus, Glikmanius myachkovensis, Glikmanius culmenis (140660 140664 140665 140666) Glikmanius myachkovensis (121856 121860 140659 140662 140667 140668 140669 140670 140673) Glikmanius myachkovensis, Glikmanius culmenis (121857 123785 140655 140657 140658 140661)
Urzhumian - Early/Lower Severodvinian268.0 - 252.3Russian Federation (Orenburg) Wodnika sp. (187189)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17Germany Ctenacanthus sp. (130038 130039 149494) Ctenacanthus sp., Wodnika striatula (96856 130037) Wodnika striatula (130062 130275 130276) Wodnika striatula, Acrodus althausii, Strophodus arcuatus, Strophodus angustus, Radamas macrocephalus (149471)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17Greenland Cladodus sp. (122144)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17USA (Wyoming) Cladodus occidentalis, Ctenacanthus browni (90235) Ctenacanthus mutabilis (90236)
Vyatkian259.0 - 252.3Russian Federation (Vladimir) Wodnika sp. (86346)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17India (Kashmir) Ctenacanthus ishii (48994 115374 115375)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Zhejiang) Ctenacanthidae sp. (119813)
Smithian - Spathian251.3 - 247.2Canada (British Columbia) Ctenacanthoidea indet. (119439)
Spathian251.3 - 247.2Oman Amelacanthus sp. (173257)
Spathian251.3 - 247.2USA (Idaho) Pyknotylacanthus spathianus (90300)
Anisian - Ladinian247.2 - 237.0USA (Nevada) Cosmacanthus humboldtensis (136685)
Norian - Rhaetian228.0 - 201.3Belgium Ctenacanthoidea indet. (131520)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3United Kingdom (England) Ctenacanthoidea indet. (46889)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Belgium (Gaume) Ctenacanthidae indet. (139198 139199 139204)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97USA (California) Wodnika ocoyae (186027)