Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Protoentactiniidae

Radiolaria - Archaeospicularia - Protoentactiniidae

Taxonomy
Protoentactiniidae was named by Kozur et al. (1996). Its type is Protoentactinia.

It was synonymized subjectively with Palaeoscenidiidae by Takahashi and Miyake (2014).

It was assigned to Entactinaria by Kozur et al. (1996); to Spumellaria by Won and Iams (2002); to Entactinaria by Maletz and Bruton (2008); and to Archaeospicularia by Noble et al. (2017).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1996Protoentactiniidae Kozur et al.
2002Protoentactiniidae Won and Iams p. 29
2008Protoentactiniidae Maletz and Bruton p. 1186
2017Protoentactiniidae Noble et al. p. 434

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
Life
Eukaryota()
Rhizaria
phylumRetariaCavalier-Smith 1999
classRadiolariaMüller 1858
RankNameAuthor
superorderPolycystina(Ehrenberg 1867)
orderArchaeospiculariaDumitrica et al. 2000
familyProtoentactiniidaeKozur et al. 1996
familyProtoentactiniidaeKozur et al. 1996

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
M.-Z. Won and W. J. Iams 2002A skeleton formed by a spicule that consists of six, rarely eight median bar-centered rays and branches resulting from refurcation of the rays, commonly forming a globular shell.