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Paracryptodira

Reptilia - Testudines

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1876Polythorax Cope
1876Polythorax missuriensis Cope
1876Polythorax Cope p. 258
1876Polythorax missuriensis Cope p. 258
1884Polythorax Cope
1902Polythorax Hay
1902Polythorax missuriensis Hay
1908Glyptops caelatus Hay
1908Glyptops pervicax Hay p. 54 figs. Text-fig. 31
1908Polythorax Hay p. 100
1908Polythorax missuriensis Hay p. 100
1921Glyptops caelatus Gilmore p. 590
1975Paracryptodira Gaffney
2006Paracryptodira Lipka et al. p. 301
2007Paracryptodira Joyce
2008Paracryptodira Danilov and Parham
2008Paracryptodira Pérez-García et al.
2009Paracryptodira Anquetin et al.
2011Paracryptodira Lyson and Joyce p. 793
2011Paracryptodira Pérez-García and Ortega
2012Paracryptodira Anquetin p. 28
2012Paracryptodira Pérez-García
2012Paracryptodira Sullivan et al.
2013Paracryptodira Brinkman
2013Paracryptodira Hutchison et al.
2014Paracryptodira Puntener et al.
2015Paracryptodira Lively
2016Paracryptodira Lively

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
OlfactoresJefferies 1991
subphylumVertebrata
Gnathostomata()
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
RankNameAuthor
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
Testudinata(Oppel 1811)
orderTestudinesBatsch 1788
Paracryptodira
Paracryptodira

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
T. R. Lyson and W. G. Joyce 2011‘‘Paracryptodira’’ refers to the most inclusive clade containing Pleurosternon (orig. Platemys) bullockii Owen, 1842 and Baena arenosa Leidy, 1870 but not any species of Recent turtle.
Canalis caroticus internus located halfway along suture between pterygoid and basisphenoid; interpterygoid vacuity absent; distinct thickening of plastron medial to inguinal buttress.