|Basic info||Taxonomic history||Classification||Relationships|
|Morphology||Ecology and taphonomy||External Literature Search||Age range and collections|
Insecta - Coleoptera - Trogidae
It was assigned to Scarabaeidae by Nikolajev (1992); to Scarabaeoidea by Krell (2000); to Avitortorinae by Nikolajev (2007); to Avitortorini by Nikolajev (2009); and to Gyrinidae by Ponomarenko (1977), Carpenter (1992) and Gustafson and Miller (2013).
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If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.