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Chondrichthyes - Rajiformes
It was reranked as the suborder Torpedinoidea by Jonet (1968); it was reranked as the superfamily Torpedinoidea by Cappetta (1987) and Cappetta (1988); it was reranked as the unranked clade Torpedinoidea by Underwood (2006).
It was assigned to Batoidei by Jonet (1968); to Torpediniformes by Cappetta (1987) and Cappetta (1988); to Chondrichthyes by Sepkoski (2002); and to Rajiformes by Underwood (2006).
If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.