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Nectridea

Amphibia

Taxonomy
Nectridea was named by Miall (1875). It is not extant.

It was reranked as the order Nectridei by Jaekel (1911); it was corrected as Nectridia by Kuhn (1946); it was reranked as the order Nectridea by Thayer (1985), Carroll (1988) and Carroll et al. (1998); it was misspelled as Nectridia by Huene (1954), Olson (1970) and Gardiner (1982); it was reranked as the unranked clade Nectridea by Gauthier et al. (1989) and Maddin et al. (2012).

It was assigned to Microsauria by Jaekel (1911); to Lepospondyli by Kuhn (1946); to Pseudocentrophori by Huene (1954); to Lepospondyli by Olson (1970); to Lepospondyli by Thayer (1985) and Carroll (1988); to Tetrapoda by Gauthier et al. (1989); and to Lepospondyli by Gardiner (1982), Carroll et al. (1998) and Maddin et al. (2012).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1875Nectridea Miall p. 168
1911Nectridei Jaekel p. 119
1946Nectridia Kuhn p. 53
1954Nectridia Huene p. 6
1970Nectridea Olson p. 403
1982Nectridia Gardiner p. 228
1985Nectridea Thayer p. 693
1988Nectridea Carroll
1989Nectridea Gauthier et al. p. 339
1998Nectridea Carroll et al. p. xi
2012Nectridea Maddin et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1874
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
RankNameAuthor
subclassSarcopterygii()
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
classAmphibia
Lepospondyli()
Nectridea()
Nectridea()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Unr. †Nectridea Miall 1875
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G. †Arizonerpeton Thayer 1985
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Arizonerpeton wellsi Thayer 1985
Fm. †Diplocaulidae Cope 1881
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G. †Batrachiderpeton Hancock and Atthey 1871
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Batrachiderpeton lineatum Hancock and Atthey 1869
Batrachiderpeton reticulatum Hancock and Atthey 1869
G. †Diceratosaurus Jaekel 1903
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Diploceraspis burkei Romer 1952
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Invalid names: Diploceraspis conemaughensis Romer 1952 [synonym]
G. †Hermundurichnus Walter and Werneburg 1988
G. †Keraterpeton Wright and Huxley 1866
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Keraterpeton galvani Huxley 1867
Keraterpeton gigas Fritsch 1889
Keraterpeton longtoni Carroll et al. 1998
Invalid names: Keraterpetontidae Jaekel 1903 [synonym]
Fm. †Scincosauridae Jaeckel 1909
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G. †Sauravus Thevenin 1906
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Sauravus cambrayi Carroll et al. 1998
Sauravus costei Thevenin 1906
G. †Scincosaurus Fric 1876
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Scincosaurus crassus Fritsch 1875
Scincosaurus spinosus Civet 1982
Fm. †Urocordylidae Lydekker 1889
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G. †Ctenerpeton Cope 1897
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Ctenerpeton primum Aldrich and Jones 1930
Ctenerpeton remex Cope 1868
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Invalid names: Ctenerpeton alveolatum Cope 1897 [synonym]
Subfm. †Sauropleurinae Carroll et al. 1998
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G. †Crossotelos Case 1902
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Crossotelos annulatus Case 1902
G. †Montcellia Dutuit and Heyler 1994
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Montcellia longidentata Moodie 1909
G. †Sauropleura Cope 1868
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Sauropleura bairdi Carroll et al. 1998
Sauropleura longicaudata Langiaux et al. 1974
Sauropleura scalaris Fritsch 1883
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Invalid names: Ptyonius bendai Fritsch 1901 [synonym], Ptyonius distinctus Fritsch 1901 [synonym]
Subfm. †Urocordylinae Carroll et al. 1998
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G. †Ptyonius Cope 1875
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Ptyonius marshi Cope 1869
Ptyonius marshii Cope 1869
Ptyonius nummifer Cope 1875
Ptyonius olisthmonaias Thayer 1985
Ptyonius serrula Cope 1871
G. †Urocordylus Wright and Huxley 1866
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Urocordylus angustatus Fritsch 1883
Urocordylus wandesfordii Huxley 1867
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: brackish, freshwater, terrestrialuc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Dispersal: waterc
Created: 2005-03-06 14:47:58
Modified: 2005-03-06 16:47:58
Source: c = class, subp = subphylum, uc = unranked clade
References: Uhen 2004, Hendy et al. 2009, Carroll 1988

Age range: base of the Westphalian A to the top of the Wuchiapingian or 318.70000 to 254.17000 Ma

Collections (104 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Bashkirian323.2 - 315.2United Kingdom (England) Batrachiderpeton lineatum (132670) Keraterpeton longtoni (176262) Urocordylidae indet., Urocordylus reticulatus (177139)
Westphalian A318.7 - 316.9Ireland (Lenister) Urocordylus wandesfordii, Keraterpeton galvani (175806)
Westphalian A - Westphalian B318.7 - 314.6USA (Arizona) Ptyonius olisthmonaias, Arizonerpeton wellsi (92271)
Westphalian318.7 - 307.5USA (Alabama) Ctenerpeton primum (84135)
Desmoinesian312.8 - 306.0USA (Ohio) Diceratosaurus brevirostris (176092)
Desmoinesian312.8 - 306.0USA (Pennsylvania) Ctenerpeton alveolatum (165526)
Westphalian D309.8 - 307.5Czech Republic (Pilsen) Urocordylus scalaris, Scincosaurus crassus, Ptyonius distinctus, Urocordylus angustatus (84835)
Westphalian D309.8 - 307.5USA (Ohio) Tuditanus brevirostris, Colosteus marshii, Sauropleura remex (85292)
Stephanian307.5 - 300.4USA (Pennsylvania) Diplocaulus sp., Diploceraspis conemaughensis (126535)
Stephanian - Sakmarian307.5 - 290.1USA (Ohio) Diploceraspis sp. (126536)
Stephanian - Sakmarian307.5 - 290.1USA (West Virginia) Diploceraspis sp. (126541)
Missourian306.0 - 303.7USA (Illinois) Diplocaulus salamandroides (80714)
Virgilian303.7 - 298.9USA (Pennsylvania) Diplocaulus salamandroides (176408)
Virgilian303.7 - 298.9USA (Kansas) Diplocaulus sp. (180633)
Virgilian303.7 - 298.9USA (West Virginia) Diploceraspis burkei (177058)
Gzhelian - Sakmarian303.7 - 290.1USA (New Mexico) Diplocaulus sp. (180989)
Stephanian B301.5 - 301.0Czech Republic (RakovnĂ­k) Keraterpeton gigas (154179)
Stephanian B - Stephanian C301.5 - 300.4France (Bourgogne) Sauropleura longidentata, Scincosaurus spinosus, Sauravus costei (176090)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5Czech Republic (Krkonose) Ptyonius bendai (232614)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5Czech Republic (Liberec) Ptyonius bendai (232993)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5Czech Republic (Liberec Region) Ptyonius bendai (179047)
Asselian - Sakmarian298.9 - 290.1USA (Utah) Nectridea indet. (13257)
Wolfcampian298.9 - 286.0USA (New Mexico) Diplocaulus sp. (85436 180974 181037 181078)
Wolfcampian298.9 - 286.0USA (Texas) Sauropleura bairdi (79162)
Permian298.9 - 251.902USA (Oklahoma) Diplocaulus sp. (221389 221391 221392)
Sakmarian293.52 - 290.1USA (Pennsylvania) Diploceraspis sp. (126574)
Sakmarian293.52 - 290.1USA (Kansas) Ductilodon pruitti (180979)
Sakmarian293.52 - 290.1USA (West Virginia) Diploceraspis burkei (126543) Diploceraspis sp. (126542 126544 126545 126546 126547 126548 126549 126570 126571 126572 126575 126577 126578 126579 126580 126581 126582 126583 126584)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3USA (Oklahoma) Diplocaulus magnicornis, Crossotelos annulatus (79402) Diplocaulus sp. (220872)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3France (Bourgogne) Sauravus cambrayi (80777)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3USA (Texas) Diplocaulus sp. (13080 22714)
Artinskian - Kungurian290.1 - 272.3USA (Texas) Diplocaulus sp. (28241 85300 85301) Diplocaulus sp., Crossotelos annulatus (85299)
Artinskian - Roadian290.1 - 268.8USA (Texas) Diplocaulus sp. (180992)
Leonardian286.0 - 273.01USA (Texas) Diplocaulus recurvatus (85362 177006 177018 178739)
Leonardian286.0 - 273.01USA (Oklahoma) Crossotelos sp. (163064) Diplocaulus magnicornis (85567 180990 180991) Diplocaulus sp. (79815)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3USA (Texas) Diplocaulus magnicornis (28275 177019) Diplocaulus magnicornis, Peronedon primus, Diplocaulus recurvatus (67735) Diplocaulus magnicornis, Platyops parvus, Diplocaulus brevirostris, Diplocaulus primigenius (28267) Diplocaulus recurvatus (12976 85551 85552 85553 85555 177000 177002 177005 177014 177015 177017 178738) Diplocaulus sp. (22716 28264 28266 28273 28277) Diplocaulus sp., Diplocaulus magnicornis (28261 28270) Diplocaulus sp., Diplocaulus magnicornis, Diplocaulus limbatus, Diplocaulus brevirostris (28256) Diplocaulus sp., Diplocaulus recurvatus (27704) Platyops sp., Diplocaulus copei (28272) Reptilia indet., Peronedon sp. (90452)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3USA (Oklahoma) Diplocaulus magnicornis, Peronedon primus (67945) Peronedon primus (79531)
Roadian - Wordian272.3 - 264.28USA (Oklahoma) Diplocaulus parvus (27400)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17Morocco (Marrakech-Tensift-Al Haouz) Diplocaulus minimus (89607)