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Batrachia

Taxonomy
Batrachia was named by Macartney (1802). It is extant. It was considered monophyletic by Meyer and Zardoya (2003) and Anderson et al. (2008).

It was reranked as the order Batrachia by Owen (1842), Mantell (1854) and Owen (1861); it was reranked as the class Batrachia by Hay (1902); it was synonymized subjectively with Amphibia by Dundee (1989); it was reranked as the unranked clade Batrachia by McGowan and Evans (1995), Gardner (2001), Zardoya and Meyer (2001), Meyer and Zardoya (2003), Anderson et al. (2008) and Maddin et al. (2012).

It was assigned to Reptilia by Owen (1842), Mantell (1854) and Owen (1861); to Vertebrata by Hay (1902); to Dissorophoidea by Anderson et al. (2008); and to Lissamphibia by McGowan and Evans (1995), Gardner (2001), Zardoya and Meyer (2001), Meyer and Zardoya (2003) and Maddin et al. (2012).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1802Batrachia Macartney
1842Batrachia Owen p. 181
1854Batrachia Mantell p. 646
1861Batrachia Owen p. 319
1902Batrachia Hay p. 409
1995Batrachia McGowan and Evans
2001Batrachia Gardner p. 334 fig. 8
2001Batrachia Zardoya and Meyer p. 7380
2003Batrachia Meyer and Zardoya
2008Batrachia Anderson et al. p. 517
2012Batrachia Maddin et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
RankNameAuthor
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Temnospondyli()
Lissamphibia()
Batrachia(Macartney 1802)
Batrachia(Macartney 1802)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
R. Owen 1861Vertebrae biconcave (Siren), procoelian (Rana), or opisthocoelian (Pipa): pleurapophyses short, straight. Two occipital condyles and two vomerine bones, in most dentigerous: no scales or scutes. Larvae with gills, in most deciduous.