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Candelaria barbouri

Reptilia - Owenettidae

Taxonomy
Candelaria barbouri was named by Price (1947). Its type specimen is DGM 314R, a skull, and it is a 3D body fossil. Its type locality is Sanga Pinheiros, unknown locality, which is in a Ladinian fluvial mudstone/sandstone in the Santa Maria Formation of Brazil. It is the type species of Candelaria.

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1947Candelaria barbouri Price pp. 10, 19 figs. Pls. I & II
2004Candelaria barbouri Cisneros et al. p. 1542 fig. 1

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
RankNameAuthor
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassParareptilia
Procolophonomorpha()
Procolophonia()
superfamilyProcolophonoidea
familyOwenettidae
genusCandelaria
speciesbarbouri

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
L. I. Price 1947same as for genus
J. C. Cisneros et al. 2004Candelaria barbouri is distinguished from all other owenettids by its relatively large size (at least 30% larger than all other known owenettid specimens) and by a suite of characters related to the presence of a temporal fenestra (figure 1):
(i) posterior process of the postorbital present, which extends well into the supratemporal;
(ii) lateral notch of supratemporal absent;
(iii) thin concave temporal bar present posterior to the orbitotemporal fenestra;
(iv) supratemporal expanded ventrally;
(v) squamosal dorsoventrally narrow but anteroposteriorly elongate.