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Hydrochoerus (capybara)

Mammalia - Rodentia - Caviidae

Taxonomy
Hydrochoerus was named by Brisson (1762) [conserved in ICZN Opinion 1894; see also ICZN Opinion 1998 correct spelling is Hydrochoerus (see Opinion 1894) and misspelling Hydrochaeris stems from Brünnich 1772 see ICZN opinion 1894, 1998 misspelling Hydrochaeris stems from Brünnich 1772 see ICZN opinion 1894, 1998 misspelling Hydrochaeris stems from Brünnich 1772 see ICZN opinion 1894, 1998 misspelling Hydrochaeris stems from Brünnich 1772]. It is extant. Its type is Sus hydrochaeris. It is the type genus of Hydrochaeridae.

It was assigned to Belluae by Erxleben (1777); to Subungulata by Illiger (1811); to Hydrocharina by Gray (1825); to Rodentia by Leidy (1860); to Cavina by Ameghino (1885); to Hydrochoeridae by Brisson (1762), Kurten and Anderson (1980) and McKenna and Bell (1997); to Hydrochoerinae by Mones and Ojasti (1986) and Prado et al. (1998); and to Hydrochaeridae by Salles et al. (2006).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1762Hydrochoerus Brisson
1777Hydrochaerus Erxleben p. 45
1811Hydrochoerus Illiger p. 94
1825Hydrocharus Gray p. 341
1860Hydrochoerus Leidy p. 112
1872Capiguara Liais p. 545
1885Hydrochoerus Ameghino p. 41
1934Xenohydrochoerus Rusconi p. 21
1980Hydrochoerus Kurten and Anderson p. 274
1986Hydrochoerus Mones and Ojasti p. 1
1997Hydrochoerus McKenna and Bell
1998Hydrochoerus Prado et al. p. 796
2006Hydrochaeris Salles et al. p. 9

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
OlfactoresJefferies 1991
subphylumVertebrata
Gnathostomata()
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
RankNameAuthor
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
EuarchontogliresMurphy et al. 2001
Glires()
orderRodentia
suborderHystricomorpha
infraorderHystricognathi(Tullberg 1899)
Caviomorpha(Wood and Patterson 1955)
superfamilyCavioideaFischer de Waldheim 1817
familyCaviidaeWaterhouse 1839
subfamilyHydrochoerinae(Gill 1872)
genusHydrochoerus

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available