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Scutosaurus karpinskii

Reptilia - Pareiasauridae

Taxonomy
Pareiosaurus karpinskii was named by Amalitzky (1922). Its type specimen is PIN 2005/1532, a skeleton, and it is a 3D body fossil. Its type locality is Sokolki locality, PIN 2005, which is in a Severodvinian/Vyatkian terrestrial horizon in the Salarevo Formation of the Russian Federation. It is the type species of Scutosaurus.

It was recombined as Scutosaurus karpinsky by Hartmann-Weinberg (1930); it was recombined as Scutosaurus karpinskii by Lee (1997), Lee (2000) and Ivakhnenko (2008).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1922Pareiosaurus karpinskii Amalitzky p. 334 fig. 8
1922Pareiosaurus elegans Amalitzky p. 335
1922Pareiosaurus horridus Amalitzky p. 335
1922Pareiosaurus tuberculatus Amalitzky p. 335 fig. 9
1930Scutosaurus karpinsky Hartmann-Weinberg p. 59 fig. 1
1937Proelginia permiana Hartmann-Weinberg pp. 691, 709 figs. Pls. X-XIII
1940Scutosaurus permianus Efremov p. 137
1987Scutosaurus itelensis Ivakhnenko
1997Scutosaurus karpinskii Lee p. 271
2000Scutosaurus karpinskii Lee p. 77 figs. 5.4-5.7
2008Proelginia permiana Ivakhnenko p. 78 fig. 34
2008Scutosaurus karpinskii Ivakhnenko p. 81 fig. 35
2008Scutosaurus tuberculatus Ivakhnenko p. 82 fig. 36

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
RankNameAuthor
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassParareptilia
Procolophonomorpha()
Procolophonia()
Hallucicrania
superfamilyPareiasauroideaNopsca 1928
Pareiasauria()
familyPareiasauridaeLydekker 1889
genusScutosaurus
specieskarpinskii()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
M. S. Y. Lee 2000Large pareiasaur, 2.5 m in body length, with extremely rugose dermal sculpture, large cheek flanges with long pointed bosses, and osteoderms covering the entire body and limbs. Autapomorphies: small median tubercle on basioccipital between basal tubera; tips of teeth on upper jaw point slightly outwards; radiating ridges covering skull very coarse.