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Protobranchia

Bivalvia - Protobranchia

Taxonomy
Protobranchia was named by Pelseneer (1889). It is extant.

It was reranked as the subclass Protobranchia by Purchon (1987), Salvini-Plawen and Steiner (1996), Reid (1998), Bieler and Mikkelsen (2006) and Carter et al. (2011); it was considered an invalid subgroup of Bivalvia by Giribet and Wheeler (2002); it was reranked as the unranked clade Protobranchia by Mikkelsen and Bieler (2008); it was reranked as the superorder Protobranchia by Nevesskaja (2009).

It was assigned to Eubivalvia by Carter et al. (2011); and to Bivalvia by Ridewood (1903), Pelseneer (1906), Pelseneer (1911), Purchon (1987), Salvini-Plawen and Steiner (1996), Reid (1998), Bieler and Mikkelsen (2006), Mikkelsen and Bieler (2008), Nevesskaja (2009) and Coan and Valentich-Scott (2012).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1889Protobranchia Pelseneer
1903Protobranchia Ridewood
1906Protobranchia Pelseneer
1911Protobranchia Pelseneer
1987Protobranchia Purchon
1996Protobranchia Salvini-Plawen and Steiner
1998Protobranchia Reid
2006Protobranchia Bieler and Mikkelsen p. 228
2008Protobranchia Mikkelsen and Bieler p. 19
2009Protobranchia Nevesskaja
2011Protobranchia Carter et al. p. 5
2012Protobranchia Coan and Valentich-Scott p. 32

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
RankNameAuthor
Schizocoela
phylumMollusca
classBivalvia
orderProtobranchiaPelseneer 1889
orderProtobranchiaPelseneer 1889

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available