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Scapharca

Bivalvia - Arcida - Arcidae

Taxonomy
Scapharca was named by Gray (1847) [Sepkoski's age data: T Ol-l R Sepkoski's reference number: 1112]. It is extant. Its type is Arca inaequivalvis.

It was reranked as Arca (Scapharca) by Dall (1898), Glenn (1904), Pilsbry and Olsson (1941) and da Silva Forti (1969); it was reranked as Anadara (Scapharca) by Schenck and Reinhart (1938) and Jung (1965); it was reranked as Barbatia (Scapharca) by Harris and Palmer (1946).

It was assigned to Barbatia by Harris and Palmer (1946); to Anadara by Schenck and Reinhart (1938) and Jung (1965); to Arca by Dall (1898), Glenn (1904), Pilsbry and Olsson (1941) and da Silva Forti (1969); to Anadarinae by Vokes (1980) and Dockery (1982); to Arcoida by Sepkoski (2002); and to Arcidae by Wienrich (1999) and Mikkelsen (2006).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1847Scapharca Gray
1898Arca (Scapharca) Dall
1904Arca (Scapharca) Glenn p. 385
1938Anadara (Scapharca) Schenck and Reinhart pp. 58-62
1941Arca (Scapharca) Pilsbry and Olsson p. 9
1946Barbatia (Scapharca) Harris and Palmer p. 44
1965Anadara (Scapharca) Jung p. 427
1969Arca (Scapharca) da Silva Forti p. 65
1980Scapharca Vokes p. 15
1982Scapharca Dockery p. 32
1999Scapharca Wienrich p. 211
2002Scapharca Sepkoski, Jr.
2006Scapharca Mikkelsen

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
Schizocoela
phylumMollusca
classBivalvia
Eubivalvia
RankNameAuthor
subclassAutobranchia(Groblen 1894)
infraclassPteriomorphia(Beurlen 1944)
OstreomorphiFerussac 1822
ArcioniGray 1854
orderArcida(Stoliczka 1871)
superfamilyArcoidea(Lamarck 1809)
familyArcidaeLamarck 1809
subfamilyAnadarinaeReinhart 1935
genusScapharcaGray 1847

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available