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Echinacea

Echinoidea -

Taxonomy
Echinideae was named by Claus (1876). It is extant.

It was reranked as the superorder Echinacea by Durham and Melville (1957); it was reranked as the unranked clade Echinacea by Smith (1991) and Kroh and Smith (2010).

It was assigned to Euechinoidea by Durham and Melville (1957), Smith (1991) and Kroh and Smith (2010).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1957Echinacea Durham and Melville p. 253
1991Echinacea Smith p. 18
2010Echinacea Kroh and Smith p. 173

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
Ambulacraria
phylumEchinodermata
RankNameAuthor
subphylumEchinozoa
classEchinoidea()
subclassEuechinoideaBronn 1860
Echinacea()
Echinacea()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available