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Meganisoptera (griffinfly)

Insecta - Meganisoptera

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1885Protodonata Brongniart p. 65
1932Meganisoptera Martynov
1952Protodonata Laurentiaux-Vieira et al.
1992Protodonata Carpenter p. 59
2001Meganisoptera Bechly et al.
2003Meganisoptera Brauckmann et al. p. 35
2007Meganisoptera Bechly
2009Meganisoptera Nel et al. p. 93

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EubilateriaAx 1987
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
superclassHexapodaLatreille 1825
CercophoraBörner 1904
subclassPterygota(Brauer 1885)
infraclassHydropalaeopteraRohdendorf 1969
OdonatopteraMartynov 1932
NeodonatopteraBechly 1996

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: chitinc
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilep
Created: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Modified: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Source: c = class, p = phylum
References: Kiessling 2004, Bush and Bambach 2015

Age range: base of the Marsdenian to the top of the Carnian or 318.10000 to 228.00000 Ma

Collections (63 total)

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Bashkirian323.2 - 315.2China (Ningxia) Paragilsonia orientalis (140832) Shenzhousia qilianshanensis (102981) Shenzhousia qilianshanensis, Sinomeganeura huangheensis, Tupus orientalis (139576)
Marsdenian318.1 - 314.6Germany (Ruhr) Namurotypus sippeli (110939 155260)
Westphalian A318.1 - 314.6USA (Georgia) Typus durhami (111035)
Westphalian A318.1 - 314.6United Kingdom (England) Tupus diluculum (105042)
Westphalian A318.1 - 314.6USA (Alabama) Oligotypus tuscaloosae (126587)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0Czech Republic Bohemiatupus elegans (104948)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (Illinois) Aulertupus tembrocki (102530)
Westphalian B314.6 - 314.6United Kingdom (Staffordshire) Oligotypus britannicus (105060)
Westphalian B314.6 - 314.6France (Nord-Pas-de-Calais) Asapheneura roussini (155433)
Westphalian C314.6 - 311.45USA (Pennsylvania) Palaeotherates analis (114649) Palaeotherates pennsylvanicus (111045)
Westphalian C - Westphalian D314.6 - 306.95Canada (Nova Scotia) Meganeura sp. (155666)
Westphalian C - Westphalian D314.6 - 306.95France Gallotupus oudardi (122504)
Westphalian C - Westphalian D314.6 - 306.95USA (Rhode Island) Paralogus aeschnoides (111052)
Westphalian C - Westphalian D314.6 - 306.95United Kingdom (Scotland) Tillyardia multiplicata (127547)
Westphalian D311.45 - 306.95France Protodonata indet. (155431)
Westphalian D311.45 - 306.95United Kingdom Boltonites radstockensis (105765) Meganeura radstockensis (127035)
Westphalian D311.45 - 306.95USA (Illinois) Alanympha richardsoni (112638) Dragonympha srokai (133734) Oligotypus makowskii (151850) Paralogopsis longipes (112630)
Westphalian D311.45 - 306.95Germany (Lower Saxony) Piesbergtupus hielscheri (122518)
Westphalian D311.45 - 306.95Germany Kohlwaldia kuehni (146351)
Stephanian - Asselian306.95 - 295.5Spain Paralogus hispanicus (104989)
Gzhelian303.7 - 298.9France Dictyoneura monyi, Meganeura brongniarti, Meganeura brongniartiana, Meganeura fafnir, Meganeura draco, Meganeura aeroplana, Meganeura selysii (103635) Meganeurella rapax, Meganeurites gracilipes, Meganeurina confusa, Gilsonia titana (121979)
Stephanian C303.4 - 301.2Germany (Saxony-Anhalt) Protodonata indet. (122578)
Stephanian C303.4 - 301.2Germany Stephanotypus schneideri (111009)
Asselian - Sakmarian298.9 - 290.1Germany (Oberfranken) Ephemerites rueckerti (122599)
Sakmarian295.5 - 290.1Czech Republic Stephanotypus sp. (114186)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3China (Shanxi) Arctotypus carbonicus (140458)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3France (Languedoc) Arctotypus gallicus (105044)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3USA (Arizona) Typus gilmorei (123973)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3USA (Kansas) Meganeuridae indet., Typus sp., Megatypus schucherti, Megatypus ingentissimus, Typus permianus (111219) Megatypus parvus (111229) Oligotypus sp., Oligotypus tillyardi, Megatypus schucherti, Typus permianus (111217) Oligotypus tillyardi, Megatypus vetustus, Typus readi, Typus permianus (111319) Oligotypus tillyardi, Tupus sp., Tupus readi (111365) Protodonata indet. (111320) Tupus permianus (21979) Typus readi, Typus permianus, Meganeuropsis permiana (114151)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3USA (Oklahoma) Meganeuropsis americana (104822) Meganeuropsis americana, Oligotypus tillyardi (104824) Meganeuropsis americana, Typus gracilis (104823)
Artinskian - Kungurian290.1 - 272.3USA (Arizona) Typus whitei (11150)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3France (Languedoc) Arctotypus gallicus (105045) Arctotypus intermedius, Nannotupus pumilio (105047) Arctotypus sp. (105048) Nannotupus pumilio (105053) Permotupus minor (105052) Tupus gallicus, Arctotypus merifonsensis, Arctotypus intermedius, Permotupus ollieorum (104990)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3France Curvitupus ariegensis (103637)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3Russian Federation (Suksun) Arctotypus sylvaensis (116641)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3Russian Federation (Perm) Arctotypus magnificus, Arctotypus elongatus, Petrotypus multivenosus (111218)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8France Arctotypus verneti (128570)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8Russian Federation (Arkangelsk) Arctotypus sinuatus (104993) Arctotypus sp., Arctotypus sinuatus, Arctotypus giganteus (104992)
Capitanian265.1 - 259.9Russian Federation Meganisoptera indet. (125134)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0South Africa (Eastern Cape) Meganisoptera indet. (23142)