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Stigmoptera

Insecta

Taxonomy
Stigmoptera was named by Bechly (1996). It is extant.

It was assigned to Discoidalia by Bechly (2007).

Sister taxa
Lobodonata, Protozygoptera

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1996Stigmoptera Bechly
2007Stigmoptera Bechly

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
superclassHexapodaLatreille 1825
classInsecta
Dicondylia
Paranotalia
subclassPterygota()
infraclassHydropalaeopteraRohdendorf 1969
RankNameAuthor
Euhydropalaeoptera
OdonatopteraMartynov 1932
Palaeodonatoptera
Plesiodonatoptera
Apodonatoptera
Paneodonatoptera
Neodonatoptera
Euodonatoptera
OdonatocladaBechly 1999
Nodialata
Discoidalia
Stigmoptera
Stigmoptera

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Unr. Stigmoptera Bechly 1996
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Subor. †Archizygoptera Handlirsch 1906
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Fm. †Batkeniidae Pritykina 1981
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G. †Batkenia Pritykina 1981
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Batkenia pusilla Pritykina 1981
G. †Paratriassoneura Bechly 1997
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Paratriassoneura primitiva Pritykina 1981
Fm. †Bechlyidae Jarzembowski and Nel 2002
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G. †Bechlya Jarzembowski and Nel 2002
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Bechlya ericrobinsoni Jarzembowski and Nel 2002
Fm. †Engellestidae Felker 2023
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G. †Engellestes Nel et al. 2012
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Engellestes chekardensis Nel et al. 2012
Fm. †Kaltanoneuridae Rohdendorf 1961
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G. †Kaltanoneura Rohdendorf 1961
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Kaltanoneura bartenevi Rohdendorf 1961
Fm. †Kennedyidae Tillyard 1925
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G. †Kennedya Tillyard 1925
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Kennedya azari Nel et al. 2012
Kennedya carpenteri Pritykina 1981
Kennedya elongata Martynov 1930
Kennedya ferganensis Felker 2022
Kennedya fraseri Carpenter 1947
Kennedya gracilis Pritykina 1981
Kennedya ivensis Nel et al. 2012
Kennedya kedrovkensis Felker 2021
Kennedya madygensis Felker 2022
Kennedya mirabilis Tillyard 1925
Kennedya pritykinae Nel et al. 2012
Kennedya suchonensis Felker 2021
Kennedya sylvensis Felker 2023
Kennedya tillyardi Carpenter 1939
Kennedya tyulkinensis Felker 2020
Kennedya volatica Felker 2023
G. †Opter Sellards 1909
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Opter brongniarti Sellards 1909
Opter brongniartii Sellards 1909
Fm. †Luiseiidae Nel et al. 2012
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G. †Afrozygopteron Nel et al. 2022
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Afrozygopteron inexpectatus Nel et al. 2022
G. †Luiseia Nel et al. 2012
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Luiseia breviata Nel et al. 2012
Fm. †Oboraneuridae Zessin 2008
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G. †Oboraneura Zessin 2008
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Oboraneura kukalovae Zessin 2008
Fm. †Permepallagidae Martynov 1938
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G. †Permepallage Martynov 1938
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Permepallage angustissima Martynov 1938
Fm. †Progoneuridae Felker 2023
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G. †Azaroneura Nel et al. 2012
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Azaroneura permiana Nel et al. 2012
G. †Issadoneura Felker 2023
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Issadoneura kemerovensis Felker 2021
Issadoneura marilevorum Felker 2023
G. †Progoneura Carpenter 1931
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Progoneura grimaldii Nel et al. 2012
Progoneura kityakensis Felker 2020
Progoneura minuta Carpenter 1931
Progoneura nobilis Carpenter 1947
Progoneura reducta Carpenter 1939
Progoneura venula Carpenter 1947
G. †Progophlebia Felker 2020
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Superfm. †Protomyrmeleontoidea Handlirsch 1906
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Unr. †Terskejoptera Deregnaucourt et al. 2019
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Unr. †Moltenoptera Deregnaucourt et al. 2019
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Fm. †Moltenagrionidae Deregnaucourt et al. 2019
Fm. †Protomyrmeleontidae Handlirsch 1906
G. †Terskeja Pritykina 1981
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Terskeja paula Pritykina 1981
Terskeja pumilio Pritykina 1981
Terskeja tenuis Pritykina 1981
Fm. †Voltzialestidae Bechly 1996
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G. †Permosticta Felker 2023
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Permosticta elegans Felker 2023
Permosticta parva Felker 2023
G. †Prototerskeja Felker 2023
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Prototerskeja dubia Felker 2023
G. †Voltzialestes Nel et al. 1997
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Voltzialestes triasicus Nel et al. 1997
Invalid names: Kennedyoidea Tillyard 1925 [invalid subgroup], Kennedyomorpha Tillyard 1925 [invalid subgroup]
Unr. Lobodonata Béthoux 2020
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G. †Germanophlebia Nel et al. 2002
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Germanophlebia magnifica Nel et al. 2002
G. †Italophlebia Whalley 1986
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Italophlebia baueri Barth et al. 2013
Italophlebia gervasuttii Whalley 1986
Italophlebia paganoniae Bechly 1997
Fm. †Mesophlebiidae Tillyard 1916
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G. †Mesophlebia Tillyard 1916
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Mesophlebia antinodalis Tillyard 1916
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Invalid names: Mesophlebia tillyardi Handlirsch 1939 [synonym]
Mesophlebia elegans Deregnaucourt et al. 2020
Unr. Panodonata Bechly 1996
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Fm. †Huangiopteridae Prokop et al. 2015
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G. †Huangiopterum Prokop et al. 2015
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Huangiopterum lodevense Prokop et al. 2015
Or. Odonata Fabricius 1793 [dragonfly]
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Subor. Anisozygoptera Handlirsch 1906
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G. †Anomothemis Handlirsch 1906
Superfm. Epiophlebioidea Tillyard 1917
G. †Liadothemis Handlirsch 1906
G. †Magnasupplephlebia Zessin 1982
G. †Parelthothemis Handlirsch 1906
G. †Petrothemis Handlirsch 1906
G. †Pycnothemis Handlirsch 1939
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Invalid names: Pycnothemis Cowley 1942 [objective synonym]
G. †Rhabdothemis Handlirsch 1939
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Invalid names: Rhabdothemis Cowley 1942 [objective synonym]
G. †Temnostigma Handlirsch 1939
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Invalid names: Temnostigma Cowley 1942 [objective synonym]
Invalid names: Oreopteroidea Pritykina 1968 [empty], Tarsophlebioidea Handlirsch 1908 [empty]
Unr. Epiproctophora Bechly 1996
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Unr. Euepiproctophora Bechly 1998
Fm. †Frenguelliidae Petrulevičius and Nel 2003
Unr. †Isophlebioptera Bechly 1996
Fm. †Haidilaozhenidae Yang et al. 2023
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G. †Haidilaozhen Yang et al. 2023
Fm. Idionychidae Tillyard and Fraser 1940
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G. †Mioidionyx Nel et al. 2005
G. †Kobdoneura Pritykina 1985
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Kobdoneura manca Pritykina 1985
Subor. †Libellulina Laicharting 1781
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Invalid names: Heterophlebiomorpha Handlirsch 1906 [empty]
Fm. †Mesomantidiidae Tillyard 1923
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G. †Mesomantidion Tillyard 1916
G. †Mesonetopsis Ping 1935
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Mesonetopsis zeni Ping 1935
G. †Orthaeschnites Haupt 1956
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Orthaeschnites primus Haupt 1956
G. †Oryctothemis Handlirsch 1906
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Oryctothemis hageni Handlirsch 1906
G. †Palaeophlebia Brauer et al. 1889
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Palaeophlebia synlestoides Brauer et al. 1889
G. †Peraphlebia Jell and Duncan 1986
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Peraphlebia tetrastichia Jell and Duncan 1986
G. †Sogdothemis Martynov 1937
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Sogdothemis modesta Martynov 1937
G. †Syrrhoe Bode 1953
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Syrrhoe commissa Bode 1953
G. †Triassophlebia Tillyard 1922
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Triassophlebia stigmatica Tillyard 1922
Subor. Zygoptera Selys-Longchamps 1854 [damselfly]
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G. †Andrephlebia Bechly 2019
Fm. †Burmadysagrionidae Zheng et al. 2016
Unr. Caloptera Belyshev and Haritonov 1983
G. †Dinosamarura Pritykina 1985
G. †Eopodagrion Cockerell 1921
Unr. Euzygoptera Bechly 1996
G. †Furagrion Petrulevičius et al. 2008
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Invalid names: Morsagrion Zessin 2011 [synonym]
G. †Gasophlebia Lin 1982
Superfm. Hemiphlebioidea Tillyard and Fraser 1938
G. †Italolestes Nel et al. 2005
Fm. †Mesomegaloprepidae Huang et al. 2017
Superfm. Platystictoidea Kennedy 1920
G. †Pulchrairina Martynov et al. 2022
G. †Samarura Brauer et al. 1889
G. †Santanagrion Bechly 2010
Fm. †Steleopteridae Handlirsch 1906
G. †Steropoides Kirby 1890
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Invalid names: Sterope Heer 1849 [replaced]
G. †Valerea Garrouste et al. 2016
Invalid names: Agrion exhaustum Hagen 1862 [nomen dubium], Agrion hecticum Hagen 1862 [nomen dubium], Agrion mysis Hagen 1863 [nomen dubium], Agrion thais Hagen 1863 [nomen dubium], Cephalozygoptera Archibald et al. 2021 [synonym], Gomphus resinatus Hagen 1848 [nomen nudum], Megalestes anglicus Cockerell 1915 [nomen dubium], Podagrion abortivum Scudder 1878 [nomen dubium]
Invalid names: Hageniella Meunier 1897 [nomen dubium], Hageniella problematica Meunier 1897 [nomen dubium], Liassophlebia clavigaster Tillyard 1925 [nomen dubium], Liassophlebia hopei Brodie 1845 [nomen dubium], Libellula decapitata Selys-Longchamps 1850 [nomen dubium], Proaeschna Fritsch 1905 [nomen nudum], Pseudoeuphaea Handlirsch 1906 [nomen dubium], Pseudoeuphaea areolata Hagen 1862 [nomen dubium], Pseudoeuphaea falsificata Handlirsch 1906 [nomen dubium], Pseudoeuphaea filosa Hagen 1862 [nomen dubium], Pseudoeuphaea obscura Handlirsch 1906 [nomen dubium]
Fm. †Saxonagrionidae Nel et al. 1999
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G. †Saxonagrion Nel et al. 1999
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Saxonagrion minutus Nel et al. 1999
Fm. †Tarsophlebiidae Handlirsch 1906
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G. †Tarsophlebia Hagen 1866
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Tarsophlebia eximia Hagen 1862
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Invalid names: Euphaea longiventris Hagen 1862 [synonym], Tarsophlebia longissima Handlirsch 1906 [synonym], Tarsophlebia major Handlirsch 1906 [synonym], Tarsophlebiopsis mayi Tillyard 1923 [synonym]
Tarsophlebia minor Fleck et al. 2004
Invalid names: Tarsophlebiopsis Tillyard 1923 [synonym]
G. †Turanophlebia Pritykina 1968
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Turanophlebia anglicana Fleck et al. 2004
Turanophlebia liaoningensis Fang and Zheng 2022
Turanophlebia martynovi Pritykina 1968
Turanophlebia mongolica Fleck et al. 2004
Turanophlebia neckini Martynov 1927
Turanophlebia sibirica Pritykina 1977
Turanophlebia sinica Huang and Nel 2009
Turanophlebia vitimensis Fleck et al. 2004
G. †Progonophlebia Tillyard 1925
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Progonophlebia woodwardi Tillyard 1925
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Invalid names: Progonophlebia cromptoni Zeuner 1959 [synonym]
Unr. †Protozygoptera Tillyard 1925
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G. †Jacquesoudardia Prokop et al. 2014
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Jacquesoudardia magnifica Prokop et al. 2014
Infraor. †Permagrionomorpha Felker 2023
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Superfm. †Permagrionoidea Tillyard 1928
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Fm. †Permagrionidae Tillyard 1928
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G. †Epilestes Martynov 1937
G. †Permagrion Tillyard 1928
G. †Permolestes Martynov 1932
G. †Salagoulestes Fate et al. 2013
G. †Scytolestes Martynov 1937
G. †Solikamptilon Zalessky 1948
G. †Sushkinia Martynov 1930
G. †Triadolestes Felker 2023
Invalid names: Lodeviidae Nel et al. 2012 [synonym], Permolestidae Martynov 1932 [synonym], Solikamptilonidae Zalessky 1948 [synonym]
Invalid names: Archizygopteroidea Handlirsch 1906 [empty]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: chitinc
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilep
Created: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Modified: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Source: c = class, p = phylum
References: Kiessling 2004, Bush and Bambach 2015

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Westphalian C to the top of the Holocene or 314.60000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 311.45 Ma

Collections (770 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Westphalian C314.6 - 311.45China (Ningxia) Haidilaozhen cuiae (231946)
Westphalian C - Westphalian D314.6 - 306.95France Jacquesoudardia magnifica (122504)
Westphalian D311.45 - 306.95United Kingdom (England) Bechlya ericrobinsoni (126868)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5USA (New Mexico) Luiseia breviata (122481)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5Czech Republic Oboraneura kukalovae (114186)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3France Lodevia longialata (117228)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3USA (Oklahoma) Kennedya fraseri (104889) Kennedya mirabilis (104821) Kennedya sp. (104826) Progoneura grimaldii (122482) Progoneura nobilis (104824) Progoneura sp., Kennedya mirabilis (104822) Progoneura venula, Progoneura nobilis, Kennedya fraseri (104890)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3USA (Kansas) Kennedya minuta, Kennedya mirabilis (111365) Kennedya mirabilis (111219 111319) Opter brongniartii (21979) Progoneura minuta (111217 111320) Progoneura minuta, Kennedya reducta, Kennedya mirabilis, Kennedya tillyardi (114151)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3France Huangiopterum lodevense (174410) Lodevia longialata (103636)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3Russian Federation Kennedya azari (114207)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3France (Languedoc) Huangiopterum sp. B, Saxonagrion minutus, Epilestes gallica (105045) Salagoulestes wesleyi (150102)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3Russian Federation (Perm) Epilestes rasnitsyni (111218) Kennedya tyulkinensis (103639)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3Russian Federation (Suksun) Azaroneura permiana, Kennedya volatica, Kennedya sylvensis, Engellestes chekardensis, Permagrionidae indet. (108206) Engellestes chekardensis (122753)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8Russian Federation (Kirov) Permolestes vjatkensis (233417) Solikamptilon aequus, Sushkinia angulata, Progoneura kityakensis (105058)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8Russian Federation (Kazan) Sushkinia parvula, Sushkinia elongata (116803)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8Russian Federation (Arkangelsk) Permagrion sharovi, Permolestes sheimogorai (116934) Permepallage sp. (116933) Permolestes gracilis (111187) Permolestes soyanaiensis, Kennedya pritykinae (104992) Solikamptilon pectinatus, Epilestes angustapterix, Permepallage angustissima, Kennedya ivensis (104716)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8Russian Federation (Kemerovo) Kaltanoneura bartenevi (122568) Permepallagidae indet. (104704)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8Russian Federation Kennedya ivensis (96860)
Wordian268.8 - 265.1South Africa Afrozygopteron inexpectatus (226396)
Capitanian265.1 - 259.9Russian Federation (Orenburg) Epilestes kargalensis (116608) Salagoulestes martynovi, Triadolestes sakmarensis (104057) Scytolestes stigmalis (104994)