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Meganeuridae

Insecta - Meganisoptera - Meganeuridae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1906Meganeuridae Handlirsch p. 306
1919Meganeuridae Handlirsch p. 567
1919Typidae Handlirsch p. 572
1922Meganeuridae Handlirsch p. 62
1922Typidae Handlirsch p. 64
1932Meganeuridae Martynov
1932Typinae Martynov
1933Meganeuridae Carpenter
1937Meganeuridae Martynov p. 110
1940Meganeuridae Martynov p. 12
1940Typinae Martynov p. 12
1947Typinae Carpenter p. 48
1950Meganeuridae Zalessky
1950Typinae Zalessky
1958Oligotypus britannicus Laurentiaux
1960Meganeuridae Carpenter
1980Meganeuridae Whalley
1980Tupinae Whalley
1983Meganeuridae Zessin
1983Typinae Zessin
1989Tupinae Brauckmann and Zessin p. 182
1992Meganeuridae Carpenter p. 60
1998Meganeuridae Engel
1998Tupinae Engel
2006Meganeuridae Zhang and Hong p. 329
2009Meganeuridae Nel et al. p. 93
2009Tupinae Nel et al. p. 98
2010Tupinae Prokop and Nel p. 185

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
superclassHexapodaLatreille 1825
classInsecta
Dicondylia
Paranotalia
subclassPterygota()
RankNameAuthor
infraclassHydropalaeopteraRohdendorf 1969
Euhydropalaeoptera
OdonatopteraMartynov 1932
Palaeodonatoptera
Plesiodonatoptera
Apodonatoptera
Paneodonatoptera
Neodonatoptera
orderMeganisoptera
familyMeganeuridae
familyMeganeuridae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Fm. †Meganeuridae Handlirsch 1906
show all | hide all
Subfm. †Carpentertypinae Zessin 1983
+
G. †Carpentertypus Zessin 1983
+
Carpentertypus durhami Carpenter 1960
G. †Gallotupus Nel et al. 2008
+
Gallotupus oudardi Nel et al. 2008
Subfm. †Meganeurinae Handlirsch 1906
+
G. †Meganeura Brongniart 1885
+
Meganeura monyi Brongniart 1884
+
Invalid names: Meganeura aeroplana Handlirsch 1919 [synonym], Meganeura brongniarti Handlirsch 1906 [synonym], Meganeura brongniartiana Handlirsch 1919 [synonym], Meganeura draco Handlirsch 1919 [synonym], Meganeura fafnir Handlirsch 1906 [synonym], Meganeurella rapax Handlirsch 1919 [synonym]
Invalid names: Meganeurella Handlirsch 1919 [synonym]
G. †Meganeuropsis Carpenter 1939
+
Meganeuropsis americana Carpenter 1947
Meganeuropsis permiana Carpenter 1939
G. †Meganeurula Handlirsch 1906
+
Meganeurula selysii Brongniart 1894
G. †Oligotypus Carpenter 1931
+
Oligotypus huangheensis Prokop et al. 2008
Oligotypus makowskii Carpenter and Richardson 1971
Oligotypus tillyardi Carpenter 1931
Oligotypus tuscaloosae Beckemeyer and Engel 2011
Invalid names: Sinomeganeura Prokop et al. 2008 [synonym]
Subfm. †Piesbergtupinae Zessin 2006
+
G. †Piesbergtupus Zessin 2006
+
Piesbergtupus hielscheri Zessin 2006
G. †Shenzhousia Zhang and Hong 2006
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Shenzhousia qilianshanensis Zhang and Hong 2006
Shenzhousia readi Carpenter 1933
Subfm. †Tupinae Handlirsch 1919
+
G. †Arctotypus Martynov 1932
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Arctotypus carbonicus Hong 1985
Arctotypus diluculum Whalley 1980
Arctotypus fortis Zalessky 1950
Arctotypus gallicus Nel et al. 2009
Arctotypus giganteus Nel et al. 2009
Arctotypus intermedius Nel et al. 2009
Arctotypus merifonsensis Nel et al. 2009
Arctotypus sinuatus Martynov 1932
Arctotypus sylvaensis Martynov 1940
G. †Bohemiatupus Prokop and Nel 2010
+
Bohemiatupus elegans Prokop and Nel 2010
G. †Boltonites Handlirsch 1919
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Boltonites radstockensis Bolton 1914
G. †Curvitupus Nel et al. 2009
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Curvitupus ariegensis Nel et al. 2009
Curvitupus elongatus Zalessky 1950
Curvitupus magnificus Zalessky 1950
Curvitupus verneti Laurentiaux-Vieira and Laurentiaux 1963
G. †Ephemerites Geinitz 1865
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Ephemerites rueckerti Geinitz 1865
G. †Gilsonia Meunier 1909
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Gilsonia titana Meunier 1909
G. †Meganeurina Handlirsch 1919
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Meganeurina confusa Handlirsch 1919
G. †Meganeurites Handlirsch 1919
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Meganeurites gracilipes Handlirsch 1919
G. †Megatypus Tillyard 1925
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Megatypus ingentissimus Tillyard 1925
Megatypus parvus Engel 1998
Megatypus schucherti Tillyard 1925
Megatypus vetustus Carpenter 1933
G. †Nannotupus Nel et al. 2009
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Nannotupus pumilio Nel et al. 2009
G. †Permotupus Nel et al. 2009
+
Permotupus minor Nel et al. 2009
Permotupus ollieorum Nel et al. 2009
G. †Petrotypus Zalessky 1950
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Petrotypus multivenosus Zalessky 1950
G. †Stephanotypus Zessin 1983
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Stephanotypus schneideri Zessin 1983
G. †Tupus Sellards 1906
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Tupus gallicus Nel et al. 2009
Tupus gilmorei Carpenter 1927
Tupus gracilis Carpenter 1947
Tupus orientalis Zhang et al. 2012
Tupus permianus Sellards 1906
Tupus whitei Carpenter 1928
Invalid names: Paragilsonia Zhang et al. 2012 [synonym]
Invalid names: Oligotypus britannicus Laurentiaux 1958 [nomen nudum]
Invalid names: Oligotypinae Carpenter 1947 [empty], Stephanotypinae Zessin 2006 [empty], Typidae Handlirsch 1919 [synonym]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: chitinc
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilep
Created: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Modified: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Source: c = class, p = phylum
References: Kiessling 2004, Bush and Bambach 2015

Age range: base of the Yeadonian to the top of the Roadian or 320.00000 to 268.80000 Ma

Collections (45 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Bashkirian323.2 - 315.2China (Ningxia) Paragilsonia orientalis (140832)
Yeadonian320.0 - 318.7USA (Georgia) Typus durhami (111035)
Westphalian A318.7 - 316.9United Kingdom (England) Tupus diluculum (105042)
Westphalian A318.7 - 316.9USA (Alabama) Oligotypus tuscaloosae (126587)
Westphalian B316.9 - 314.6United Kingdom (England) Oligotypus britannicus (105060)
Westphalian B - Westphalian C316.9 - 309.8China (Ningxia) Shenzhousia qilianshanensis (102981) Shenzhousia qilianshanensis, Sinomeganeura huangheensis, Tupus orientalis (139576)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0Czech Republic Bohemiatupus elegans (104948)
Westphalian C - Westphalian D314.6 - 307.5Canada (Nova Scotia) Meganeura sp. (155666)
Westphalian C - Westphalian D314.6 - 307.5France Gallotupus oudardi (122504)
Westphalian D309.8 - 307.5Germany (Lower Saxony) Piesbergtupus hielscheri (122518)
Westphalian D309.8 - 307.5United Kingdom (England) Boltonites radstockensis (105765) Meganeura radstockensis (127035)
Westphalian D309.8 - 307.5USA (Illinois) Oligotypus makowskii (151850)
Gzhelian303.7 - 298.9France Dictyoneura monyi, Meganeura brongniarti, Meganeura brongniartiana, Meganeura fafnir, Meganeura draco, Meganeura aeroplana, Meganeura selysii (103635) Meganeurella rapax, Meganeurites gracilipes, Meganeurina confusa, Gilsonia titana (121979)
Stephanian C301.0 - 300.4Germany Stephanotypus schneideri (111009)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5Czech Republic Stephanotypus sp. (114186)
Asselian - Sakmarian298.9 - 290.1Germany (Oberfranken) Ephemerites rueckerti (122599)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3USA (Arizona) Typus gilmorei (123973)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3USA (Kansas) Meganeuridae indet., Typus sp., Megatypus schucherti, Megatypus ingentissimus, Typus permianus (111219) Megatypus parvus (111229) Oligotypus sp., Oligotypus tillyardi, Megatypus schucherti, Typus permianus (111217) Oligotypus tillyardi, Megatypus vetustus, Typus readi, Typus permianus (111319) Oligotypus tillyardi, Tupus sp., Tupus readi (111365) Tupus permianus (21979) Typus readi, Typus permianus, Meganeuropsis permiana (114151)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3France (Languedoc) Arctotypus gallicus (105044)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3China (Shanxi) Arctotypus carbonicus (140458)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3USA (Oklahoma) Meganeuropsis americana (104822) Meganeuropsis americana, Oligotypus tillyardi (104824) Meganeuropsis americana, Typus gracilis (104823)
Artinskian - Kungurian290.1 - 272.3USA (Arizona) Typus whitei (11150)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3Russian Federation (Suksun) Arctotypus sylvaensis (116641)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3France Curvitupus ariegensis (103637)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3Russian Federation (Perm) Arctotypus magnificus, Arctotypus elongatus, Petrotypus multivenosus (111218)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3France (Languedoc) Arctotypus gallicus (105045) Arctotypus intermedius, Nannotupus pumilio (105047) Arctotypus sp. (105048) Nannotupus pumilio (105053) Permotupus minor (105052) Tupus gallicus, Arctotypus merifonsensis, Arctotypus intermedius, Permotupus ollieorum (104990)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8France Arctotypus verneti (128570)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8Russian Federation (Arkangelsk) Arctotypus sinuatus (104993) Arctotypus sp., Arctotypus sinuatus, Arctotypus giganteus (104992)