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Testudinata (turtle)

Reptilia -

Taxonomy
Testudinata was named by Oppel (1811). It is extant.

It was reranked as the subclass Testudinata by Bonaparte (1850), Estes (1964), Estes and Berberian (1970), Haas (1978), Carroll (1988), Cvancara and Hoganson (1993) and Joyce et al. (2004); it was reranked as the suborder Testudinata by Lydekker (1889); it was reranked as the superorder Testudinata by Nopcsa (1928) and Roxo (1937); it was synonymized subjectively with Testudines by Kuhn (1966) and Dundee (1989); it was reranked as the unranked clade Testudinata by Fitzinger (1826), Cope (1891), Gardiner (1982) and Sterli (2008).

It was assigned to Monopnoa by Fitzinger (1826); to Chelonia by Lydekker (1889); to Synapsida by Osborn (1903) and Osborn (1903); to Anomodontia by Osborn (1904); to Anapsida by Nopcsa (1928) and Roxo (1937); to Reptiliomorphoidea by Huene (1954); to Sauropsida by Haas (1978); to Euamniota by Gardiner (1982); to Pantestudines by Joyce et al. (2004); and to Reptilia by Bonaparte (1850), Cope (1871), Cope (1875), Zittel (1890), Cope (1891), Kuhn (1946), Estes (1964), Estes and Berberian (1970), Carroll (1988), Cvancara and Hoganson (1993), Sterli (2008) and Li et al. (2008).

Sister taxa
Testudines (syn. Chelonia)

View classification of included taxa

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1811Testudinata Oppel
1826Testudinata Fitzinger p. 4
1842Tretosternon punctatum Owen p. 165
1843Aplax oberndorferi Meyer
1850Testudinata Bonaparte p. 1
1863Protochelys blakii Mackie p. 41 fig. 1
1863Chelytherium obscurum Meyer p. 120
1863Chelytherium Meyer p. 445
1869Trachydermochelys Seeley
1869Trachydermochelys phlyctaenus Seeley
1871Testudinata Cope p. 235
1871Testudo stricklandi Phillips p. 182
1873Aplax oberndorferi Rütimeyer p. 120
1875Testudinata Cope p. 16
1877Trionyx mammillaris Cope
1877Testudo elata Gervais
1881Emys neumayri Seeley p. 698
1885Emys paranensis Burmeister
1889Platemys sehuensis Ameghino
1889Testudinata Lydekker p. 3
1889Tretosternum punctatum Lydekker pp. 141-143
1889Protochelys Lydekker p. 220
1889Protochelys stricklandi Lydekker pp. 220-222
1889Chelytherium Lydekker p. 223
1889Chelytherium obscurum Lydekker pp. 223-224
1889Chelytherium obscurum Meyer p. 120
1890Testudinata Zittel p. 449
1891Testudinata Cope p. 5
1891Saurodesmus Seeley p. 166 figs. 1-6
1891Saurodesmus robertsoni Seeley p. 166 figs. 1-6
1891Saurodesmus Seeley p. 169
1899Platemys sehuensis Ameghino
1903Probaena sculpta Hay p. 201 figs. plate iii, figs. I, 2
1903Testudinata Osborn p. 276
1904Testudinata Osborn p. 105
1928Testudinata Nopcsa p. 164
1934Chelytherium obscurum Swinton p. 70
1937Testudinata Roxo p. 43
1946Testudinata Kuhn p. 58
1954Testudinata Huene p. 23
1958Tretosternum punctatum Delair p. 49
1958Trachydermochelys Delair p. 55
1964Testudinata Estes p. 96
1966Trachydermochelys Kuhn p. 25
1969Chelycarapookus Warren p. 26 figs. plate 2, figs 1, 2A
1969Chelycarapookus arcuatus Warren pp. 26-27 figs. plate 2, figs 1, 2A
1970Testudinata Estes and Berberian p. 5
1974Chelonoidis elata Auffenberg
1978Testudinata Haas
1981Testudo elata Campos and de Broin
1982Testudinata Gardiner p. 228
1988Chelycarapookus Carroll
1988Protochelys Carroll
1988Testudinata Carroll
1993Testudinata Cvancara and Hoganson p. 15
1998Chelycarapookus Gaffney et al. p. 6
2004Testudinata Joyce et al.
2008Testudinata Li et al. p. 497
2008Testudinata Sterli p. 286

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
RankNameAuthor
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
Testudinata(Oppel 1811)
Testudinata(Oppel 1811)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialuc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2017-04-17 15:15:35
Modified: 2017-04-17 15:15:35
Source: c = class, subp = subphylum, uc = unranked clade
References: Kiessling 2004, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Cisuralian to the top of the Holocene or 298.90000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 272.3 Ma

Collections (4938 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Cisuralian298.9 - 272.3United Kingdom (Scotland) Testudo duncani, Chelichnus gigas, Herpetichnus sauroplesius, Chelichnus titan (174685)
Permian298.9 - 252.17United Kingdom (Nottinghamshire) Chelichnus hicklingi (197345)
Lopingian259.9 - 252.17Brazil (São Paulo) Chelichnus sp. (197298)
Lopingian259.9 - 252.17Italy (Trentino-Alto Adige) Chelichnus tazelwurmi (188750)
Induan - Olenekian252.17 - 247.2Poland (Swietokrzyskie) Chelichnus duncani (197230)
Spathian251.3 - 247.2USA (Wyoming) Chelonipus sp. (135635 135636 135637)
Olenekian - Anisian251.2 - 242.0Germany (Thuringia) Chelonipus cuneiformis, Chelonipus torquatus (182300)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5United Kingdom (Moray) Chelichnus megacheirus (197333)
Tuvalian232.0 - 221.5China (Guizhou) Odontochelys semitestacea (85166)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Thailand (Phetchabun) Chelonia indet. (106542)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Thailand (Khon Kaen) Chelonia indet. (106554) Proganochelys ruchae (106555)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Murrhardtia staeschei (138872)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (New Mexico) Chinlechelys tenertesta (48516)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Germany (Baden-Württemburg) Proterochersis intermedia (138885)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Proganochelys quenstedti (22683) Proganochelys quenstedtii (138871) Proterochersis robusta, Keuperotesta limendorsa (138886)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Argentina (La Rioja) Palaeochersis talampayensis (105693)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Argentina (San Juan) Testudinata new species (182613)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Germany (Baden-Wurttemberg) Proganochelys quenstedtii (68038)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Germany (Bayern) Reptilia indet. (48683)
Norian - Rhaetian228.0 - 201.3Poland (Jura Krakowsko-Czestochowska) Proterochersis sp. (132933)