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Entactinaria - Entactiniidae

Kashiwara was named by Sashida and Tonishi (1985) [Sepkoski's age data: P Guad Sepkoski's reference number: 1007]. It is not extant. Its type is Kashiwara magna.

It was assigned to Spumellaria by Sepkoski (2002); and to Entactiniidae by Noble et al. (2017).

K. magna (type species)

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1985Kashiwara Sashida and Tonishi
2002Kashiwara Sepkoski
2017Kashiwara Noble et al. p. 442

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superphylumRetariaCavalier-Smith 1999
phylumRadiolariaMüller 1858
superorderPolycystina(Ehrenberg 1838)
orderEntactinariaKozur and Mostler 1982
familyEntactiniidaeRiedel 1967
genusKashiwaraSashida and Tonishi 1985

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

G. †Kashiwara Sashida and Tonishi 1985
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Kashiwara magna Sashida and Tonishi 1985
No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: silicap
Environment: marinep
Locomotion: passively mobilep
Life habit: planktonicp
Diet: omnivorep
Created: 2005-01-28 01:13:47
Modified: 2005-01-28 03:13:47
Source: p = phylum
Reference: Kiessling 1999

Age range: base of the Capitanian to the top of the Changhsingian or 265.10000 to 252.17000 Ma

Collections (14 total)

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Capitanian265.1 - 259.9USA (Oregon) K. magna (95636)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17China (Guangxi) K. magna (95670 95671) K. sp. (95734 95735)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17Japan K. sp., K. magna (153310)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17Japan K. sp. (153225 153267 153302)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China K. magna (59990)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Guangxi) K. magna (95331 95332 95333 95334)