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Meganisoptera (griffinfly)

Insecta - Meganisoptera

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1885Protodonata Brongniart p. 65
1932Meganisoptera Martynov
1952Protodonata Laurentiaux-Vieira et al.
1992Protodonata Carpenter p. 59
2001Meganisoptera Bechly et al.
2003Meganisoptera Brauckmann et al. p. 35
2007Meganisoptera Bechly
2009Meganisoptera Nel et al. p. 93

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
superclassHexapodaLatreille 1825
classInsecta
Dicondylia
Paranotalia
RankNameAuthor
subclassPterygota()
infraclassHydropalaeopteraRohdendorf 1969
Euhydropalaeoptera
OdonatopteraMartynov 1932
Palaeodonatoptera
Plesiodonatoptera
Apodonatoptera
Paneodonatoptera
Neodonatoptera
orderMeganisoptera
orderMeganisoptera

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Or. †Meganisoptera Martynov 1932 [griffinfly]
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G. †Alanympha Kukalova-Peck 2009
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Alanympha richardsoni Kukalova-Peck 2009
Fm. †Aulertupidae Zessin and Brauckmann 2010
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G. †Aulertupus Zessin and Brauckmann 2010
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Aulertupus tembrocki Zessin and Brauckmann 2010
G. †Dragonympha Kukalova-Peck 2009
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Dragonympha srokai Kukalova-Peck 2009
Fm. †Kohlwaldiidae Guthörl 1962
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G. †Kohlwaldia Guthörl 1962
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Kohlwaldia kuehni Guthörl 1962
G. †Solutotherates Brauckmann and Zessin 1989
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Solutotherates analis Carpenter 1980
Fm. †Meganeuridae Handlirsch 1906
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Subfm. †Carpentertypinae Zessin 1983
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G. †Carpentertypus Zessin 1983
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Carpentertypus durhami Carpenter 1960
G. †Gallotupus Nel et al. 2008
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Gallotupus oudardi Nel et al. 2008
Subfm. †Meganeurinae Handlirsch 1906
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G. †Meganeura Brongniart 1885
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Meganeura monyi Brongniart 1884
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Invalid names: Meganeura aeroplana Handlirsch 1919 [synonym], Meganeura brongniarti Handlirsch 1906 [synonym], Meganeura brongniartiana Handlirsch 1919 [synonym], Meganeura draco Handlirsch 1919 [synonym], Meganeura fafnir Handlirsch 1906 [synonym], Meganeurella rapax Handlirsch 1919 [synonym]
Invalid names: Meganeurella Handlirsch 1919 [synonym]
G. †Meganeuropsis Carpenter 1939
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Meganeuropsis americana Carpenter 1947
Meganeuropsis permiana Carpenter 1939
G. †Meganeurula Handlirsch 1906
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Meganeurula selysii Brongniart 1894
G. †Oligotypus Carpenter 1931
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Oligotypus huangheensis Prokop et al. 2008
Oligotypus makowskii Carpenter and Richardson 1971
Oligotypus tillyardi Carpenter 1931
Oligotypus tuscaloosae Beckemeyer and Engel 2011
Invalid names: Sinomeganeura Prokop et al. 2008 [synonym]
Subfm. †Piesbergtupinae Zessin 2006
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G. †Piesbergtupus Zessin 2006
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Piesbergtupus hielscheri Zessin 2006
G. †Shenzhousia Zhang and Hong 2006
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Shenzhousia qilianshanensis Zhang and Hong 2006
Shenzhousia readi Carpenter 1933
Subfm. †Tupinae Handlirsch 1919
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G. †Arctotypus Martynov 1932
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Arctotypus carbonicus Hong 1985
Arctotypus diluculum Whalley 1980
Arctotypus fortis Zalessky 1950
Arctotypus gallicus Nel et al. 2009
Arctotypus giganteus Nel et al. 2009
Arctotypus intermedius Nel et al. 2009
Arctotypus merifonsensis Nel et al. 2009
Arctotypus sinuatus Martynov 1932
Arctotypus sylvaensis Martynov 1940
G. †Bohemiatupus Prokop and Nel 2010
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Bohemiatupus elegans Prokop and Nel 2010
G. †Boltonites Handlirsch 1919
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Boltonites radstockensis Bolton 1914
G. †Curvitupus Nel et al. 2009
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Curvitupus ariegensis Nel et al. 2009
Curvitupus elongatus Zalessky 1950
Curvitupus magnificus Zalessky 1950
Curvitupus verneti Laurentiaux-Vieira and Laurentiaux 1963
G. †Ephemerites Geinitz 1865
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Ephemerites rueckerti Geinitz 1865
G. †Gilsonia Meunier 1909
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Gilsonia titana Meunier 1909
G. †Meganeurina Handlirsch 1919
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Meganeurina confusa Handlirsch 1919
G. †Meganeurites Handlirsch 1919
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Meganeurites gracilipes Handlirsch 1919
G. †Megatypus Tillyard 1925
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Megatypus ingentissimus Tillyard 1925
Megatypus parvus Engel 1998
Megatypus schucherti Tillyard 1925
Megatypus vetustus Carpenter 1933
G. †Nannotupus Nel et al. 2009
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Nannotupus pumilio Nel et al. 2009
G. †Permotupus Nel et al. 2009
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Permotupus minor Nel et al. 2009
Permotupus ollieorum Nel et al. 2009
G. †Petrotypus Zalessky 1950
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Petrotypus multivenosus Zalessky 1950
G. †Stephanotypus Zessin 1983
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Stephanotypus schneideri Zessin 1983
G. †Tupus Sellards 1906
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Tupus gallicus Nel et al. 2009
Tupus gilmorei Carpenter 1927
Tupus gracilis Carpenter 1947
Tupus orientalis Zhang et al. 2012
Tupus permianus Sellards 1906
Tupus whitei Carpenter 1928
Invalid names: Paragilsonia Zhang et al. 2012 [synonym]
Invalid names: Oligotypus britannicus Laurentiaux 1958 [nomen nudum]
Invalid names: Oligotypinae Carpenter 1947 [empty], Stephanotypinae Zessin 2006 [empty], Typidae Handlirsch 1919 [synonym]
Fm. †Namurotypidae Bechly 1996
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G. †Namurotypus Brauckmann and Zessin 1989
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Namurotypus sippeli Brauckmann and Zessin 1989
Fm. †Paralogidae Handlirsch 1906
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G. †Paralogus Scudder 1893
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Paralogus aeschnoides Scudder 1893
Paralogus hispanicus Nel et al. 2009
G. †Truemania Bolton 1934
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Truemania multiplicata Bolton 1922
Invalid names: Tillyardia Bolton 1922 [replaced]
Invalid names: Protodonata Brongniart 1885 [replaced]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: chitinc
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilep
Created: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Modified: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Source: c = class, p = phylum
References: Bush and Bambach 2015, Kiessling 2004

Age range: base of the Marsdenian to the top of the Capitanian or 321.30000 to 259.51000 Ma

Collections (62 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Bashkirian323.2 - 315.2China (Ningxia) Paragilsonia orientalis (140832)
Marsdenian321.3 - 320.0Germany (Ruhr) Namurotypus sippeli (110939 155260)
Yeadonian320.0 - 318.7USA (Georgia) Typus durhami (111035)
Westphalian A318.7 - 316.9USA (Alabama) Oligotypus tuscaloosae (126587)
Westphalian A318.7 - 316.9United Kingdom (England) Tupus diluculum (105042)
Westphalian B316.9 - 314.6United Kingdom (England) Oligotypus britannicus (105060)
Westphalian B316.9 - 314.6France (Nord-Pas-de-Calais) Asapheneura roussini (155433)
Westphalian B - Westphalian C316.9 - 309.8China (Ningxia) Shenzhousia qilianshanensis (102981) Shenzhousia qilianshanensis, Sinomeganeura huangheensis, Tupus orientalis (139576)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (Illinois) Aulertupus tembrocki (102530)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0Czech Republic Bohemiatupus elegans (104948)
Westphalian C - Westphalian D314.6 - 307.5France Gallotupus oudardi (122504)
Westphalian C - Westphalian D314.6 - 307.5USA (Rhode Island) Paralogus aeschnoides (111052)
Westphalian C - Westphalian D314.6 - 307.5Canada (Nova Scotia) Meganeura sp. (155666)
Westphalian C - Westphalian D314.6 - 307.5United Kingdom (Scotland) Tillyardia multiplicata (127547)
Westphalian D309.8 - 307.5USA (Illinois) Alanympha richardsoni (112638) Dragonympha srokai (133734) Oligotypus makowskii (151850) Paralogopsis longipes (112630)
Westphalian D309.8 - 307.5Germany (Lower Saxony) Piesbergtupus hielscheri (122518)
Westphalian D309.8 - 307.5France Protodonata indet. (155431)
Westphalian D309.8 - 307.5Germany Kohlwaldia kuehni (146351)
Westphalian D309.8 - 307.5USA (Pennsylvania) Palaeotherates analis (114649) Palaeotherates pennsylvanicus (111045)
Westphalian D309.8 - 307.5United Kingdom (England) Boltonites radstockensis (105765) Meganeura radstockensis (127035)
Stephanian - Asselian307.5 - 295.5Spain Paralogus hispanicus (104989)
Gzhelian303.7 - 298.9France Dictyoneura monyi, Meganeura brongniarti, Meganeura brongniartiana, Meganeura fafnir, Meganeura draco, Meganeura aeroplana, Meganeura selysii (103635) Meganeurella rapax, Meganeurites gracilipes, Meganeurina confusa, Gilsonia titana (121979)
Stephanian C301.0 - 300.4Germany (Saxony-Anhalt) Protodonata indet. (122578)
Stephanian C301.0 - 300.4Germany Stephanotypus schneideri (111009)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5Czech Republic Stephanotypus sp. (114186)
Asselian - Sakmarian298.9 - 290.1Germany (Oberfranken) Ephemerites rueckerti (122599)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3China (Shanxi) Arctotypus carbonicus (140458)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3France (Languedoc) Arctotypus gallicus (105044)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3USA (Arizona) Typus gilmorei (123973)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3USA (Oklahoma) Meganeuropsis americana (104822) Meganeuropsis americana, Oligotypus tillyardi (104824) Meganeuropsis americana, Typus gracilis (104823)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3USA (Kansas) Meganeuridae indet., Typus sp., Megatypus schucherti, Megatypus ingentissimus, Typus permianus (111219) Megatypus parvus (111229) Oligotypus sp., Oligotypus tillyardi, Megatypus schucherti, Typus permianus (111217) Oligotypus tillyardi, Megatypus vetustus, Typus readi, Typus permianus (111319) Oligotypus tillyardi, Tupus sp., Tupus readi (111365) Protodonata indet. (111320) Tupus permianus (21979) Typus readi, Typus permianus, Meganeuropsis permiana (114151)
Artinskian - Kungurian290.1 - 272.3USA (Arizona) Typus whitei (11150)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3Russian Federation (Perm) Arctotypus magnificus, Arctotypus elongatus, Petrotypus multivenosus (111218)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3Russian Federation (Suksun) Arctotypus sylvaensis (116641)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3France Curvitupus ariegensis (103637)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3France (Languedoc) Arctotypus gallicus (105045) Arctotypus intermedius, Nannotupus pumilio (105047) Arctotypus sp. (105048) Nannotupus pumilio (105053) Permotupus minor (105052) Tupus gallicus, Arctotypus merifonsensis, Arctotypus intermedius, Permotupus ollieorum (104990)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8Russian Federation (Arkangelsk) Arctotypus sinuatus (104993) Arctotypus sp., Arctotypus sinuatus, Arctotypus giganteus (104992)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8France Arctotypus verneti (128570)
Capitanian264.28 - 259.51Russian Federation Meganisoptera indet. (125134)