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Phytosauria

Reptilia -

Taxonomy
Phytosauria was named by Jaeger (1828). It is not extant. It was considered monophyletic by Stocker (2010) and Nesbitt (2011).

It was reranked as the order Phytosauria by Osborn (1903); it was synonymized subjectively with Parasuchia by Kuhn (1946) and Kuhn (1964); it was reranked as the unranked clade Phytosauria by Hungerbühler (2002), Stocker (2010), Nesbitt (2011) and Ezcurra (2016).

It was assigned to Diapsida by Osborn (1903); to Parasuchia by Osborn (1904), Lull (1915), Lull (1917) and Roxo (1937); to Thecodontia by Baird (1957) and Carroll (1988); to Suchia by Weinbaum and Hungerbühler (2007); to Archosauria by Stocker (2010); to Crurotarsi by Hungerbühler (2002) and Nesbitt (2011); and to Pseudosuchia by Ezcurra (2016).

Sister taxa
Pelycosimia

View classification of included taxa

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1828Phytosauria Jaeger
1828Phytosaurus Jaeger p. 22–23
1828Phytosaurus cylindricodon Jaeger p. 23
1828Phytosaurus cubicodon Jaeger p. 33
1836Palaeosaurus Riley and Stutchbury p. 398
1836Palaeosaurus platyodon Riley and Stutchbury p. 398
1840Palaeosaurus Riley and Stutchbury p. 352
1840Palaeosaurus platyodon Riley and Stutchbury p. 352
1842Phytosaurus cylindricodon Owen p. 118
1842Palaeosaurus Owen p. 154
1842Palaeosaurus platyodon Owen p. 154
1844Belodon Meyer
1844Belodon plieningeri Meyer
1844Termatosaurus albertii Meyer and Plieninger
1844Termatosaurus alberti Plieninger
1845Belodon Meyer p. 282
1845Palaeosaurus Meyer p. 282
1846Palaeosaurus platyodon Plieninger p. 151
1849Phytosaurus d'Orbigny p. 206
1849Palaeosaurus d'Orbigny p. 208
1850Palaeosaurus platyodon King p. 239
1851Clepsysaurus pennsylvanicus Lea p. 172
1851Clepsysaurus Lea p. 205
1851Clepsysaurus pennsylvanicus Lea p. 205
1852Palaeosaurus Quenstedt p. 109
1852Belodon Quenstedt p. 110
1852Belodon plieningeri Quenstedt p. 110
1856Centemodon Lea
1856Centemodon sulcatus Lea
1856Omosaurus Leidy
1856Compsosaurus Leidy p. 165 figs. not figured
1856Compsosaurus priscus Leidy p. 165 figs. not figured
1856Omosaurus perplexus Leidy p. 256
1856Palaeosaurus Roemer p. 788
1856Palaeosaurus platyodon Roemer p. 788
1857Belodon plieningeri Rütimeyer p. 152
1859Eurydorus Leidy
1859Eurydorus serridens Leidy
1861Palaeosaurus Owen p. 276
1861Palaeosaurus platyodon Owen p. 276
1861Belodon Owen p. 278
1861Belodon plieningeri Owen p. 278
1866Belodon plieningeri Haeckel p. CXXXIV
1866Palaeosaurus Haeckel p. CXXXIV
1866Palaeosaurus platyodon Haeckel p. CXXXIV
1867Palaeosaurus Quenstedt p. 139
1868Clepsysaurus leai Emmons
1869Belodon lepturus Cope p. 22
1869Clepsysaurus Cope p. 733
1869Clepsysaurus pennsylvanicus Cope p. 733
1870Belodon Cope
1870Belodon lepturus Cope
1870Clepsysaurus Cope
1870Clepsysaurus pennsylvanicus Cope pp. 122-A
1870Dicynodon rosmarus Cope p. 232
1870Clepsysaurus Cope p. 444
1870Palaeosaurus Huxley p. 34
1870Clepsysaurus Huxley p. 49
1875Parasuchia Cope p. 14
1875Belodon priscus Cope p. 34
1875Clepsysaurus leai Cope p. 36
1875Clepsysaurus Cope p. 39
1875Clepsysaurus pennsylvanicus Cope p. 39
1876Termatosaurus alberti Henry p. 404 figs. Pl 1, figs 5,5.1
1877Palaeoctonus Cope pp. 182-183
1877Palaeoctonus appalachianus Cope pp. 182-183
1877Clepsysaurus veatleianus Cope p. 184
1877Palaeoctonus aulacodus Cope p. 184
1877Suchoprion Cope p. 185
1877Suchoprion cyphodon Cope p. 185
1878Palaeosaurus fraserianus Cope
1878Suchoprion sulcidens Cope
1878Palaeosaurus fraserianus Cope p. 58
1879Clepsysaurus pennsylvanicus Miller p. 152
1881Belodon scolopax Cope p. 922
1881Palaeosaurus stricklandi Davis p. 421
1882Clepsysaurus Marsh
1882Palaeosaurus Marsh
1882Clepsysaurus Sauvage pp. 35-36
1882Palaeosaurus Sauvage p. 36
1883Parasuchia Dollo p. 310
1883Belodon Dollo p. 311
1883Palaeosaurus stricklandi Sauvage p. 39
1884Clepsysaurus Dollo p. 298
1884Palaeosaurus Dollo p. 298
1884Clepsysaurus Marsh p. 69
1884Palaeosaurus Marsh p. 69
1884Clepsysaurus Marsh p. 338
1884Palaeosaurus Marsh p. 338
1884Clepsysaurus Vetter p. 363
1884Palaeosaurus Vetter p. 363
1885Clepsysaurus Marsh p. 765
1885Palaeosaurus Marsh p. 765
1887Belodon scolopax Cope p. 221
1890Palaeosaurus stricklandi Woodward and Sherborn p. 261
1890Thecodontosaurus platyodon Woodward and Sherborn p. 291
1890Parasuchia Zittel p. 450
1890Palaeosaurus Zittel p. 722
1890Palaeosaurus platyodon Zittel p. 722
1890Clepsysaurus Zittel p. 731
1893Belodon superciliosus Cope p. 12
1893Palaeoctonus orthodon Cope p. 15
1893Palaeoctonus dumblianus Cope p. 16
1893Belodon validus Marsh p. 170
1894Belodon priscus Lyman p. 207
1895Clepsysaurus Marsh
1895Palaeosaurus Marsh
1895Palaeosaurus platyodon Seeley p. 145
1896Belodon ingens Fraas
1896Rhytidodon rostratus Marsh
1896Clepsysaurus pennsylvanicus Marsh p. 147
1896Clepsysaurus Marsh p. 240
1896Palaeosaurus Marsh p. 240
1898Heterodontosuchus Lucas
1898Heterodontosuchus ganei Lucas
1898Belodon ingens Spangenberg p. 408
1898Parasuchia Woodward p. 141
1902Palaeoctonus Hay p. 490
1902Palaeoctonus appalachianus Hay p. 490
1902Palaeoctonus dumblianus Hay p. 490
1902Palaeoctonus orthodon Hay p. 490
1902Suchoprion Hay p. 490
1902Suchoprion aulacodus Hay p. 490
1902Suchoprion cyphodon Hay p. 490
1902Suchoprion sulcidens Hay p. 490
1902Clepsysaurus Hay p. 492
1902Clepsysaurus pennsylvanicus Hay p. 492
1902Clepsysaurus veatleianus Hay p. 492
1902Thecodontosaurus fraserianus Hay p. 492
1902Palaeoctonus Huene
1902Palaeosaurus Huene
1902Suchoprion Huene
1902Rileya bristolensis Huene pp. 62-63
1902Omosaurus Lucas p. 435
1902Omosaurus perplexus Lucas p. 435
1903Phytosauria Osborn p. 276
1904Phytosauria Osborn p. 100
1904Parasuchia Osborn p. 112
1907Palaeosaurus stricklandi Sauvage p. 14
1907Clepsysaurus Sauvage p. 15
1908Termatosaurus albertii Amthor p. 94 figs. Pl 2, figs 1,2
1908Rileya bristolensis Huene p. 16
1908Rileya platyodon Huene p. 16
1908Rileya bristolensis Huene p. 99
1908Rileya platyodon Huene p. 99
1911Mystriosuchus ruetimeyeri Huene p. 31
1913Rutiodon manhattanensis Huene p. 277
1914Palaeosaurus Huene p. 146
1915Parasuchia Lull p. 98
1915Belodon validus Lull pp. 109-110
1915Phytosauria Lull p. 109
1915Rutiodon manhattanensis Lull p. 113
1915Clepsysaurus Lull p. 119
1915Palaeosaurus Lull p. 119
1915Angistorhinus gracilis Mehl p. 146
1915Lophoprosopus Mehl p. 163
1917Phytosauria Lull p. 110
1917Rutiodon validus Lull p. 110
1917Parasuchia Lull p. 113
1917Phytosaurus Watson p. 179
1921Palaeoctonus Huene p. 561
1921Palaeoctonus appalachianus Huene p. 561
1921Palaeoctonus aulacodus Huene p. 563
1921Suchoprion Huene p. 564
1921Clepsysaurus Huene p. 565
1921Clepsysaurus pennsylvanicus Huene p. 565
1921Suchoprion cyphodon Huene p. 565
1921Clepsysaurus veatleianus Huene p. 567
1922Leptosuchus imperfecta Case p. 68
1922Parasuchia Huene p. 22
1922Angistorhinopsis Huene p. 23
1922Phytosaurus Huene p. 23
1923Angistorhinopsis Huene
1923Angistorhinopsis ruetimeyeri Huene
1930Clepsysaurus Camp p. ix
1932Francosuchus Kuhn
1932Francosuchus broilii Kuhn p. 123
1932Francosuchus latus Kuhn p. 123
1934Thecodontosaurus platyodon Swinton p. 31
1937Parasuchia Roxo p. 44
1937Phytosauria Roxo p. 44
1938Palaeosaurus Berckhemer p. 196
1940Brachysuchus maleriensis Huene p. 21
1940Phytosaurus plieningeri Huene p. 23
1944Clepsysaurus Rapp p. 287
1944Clepsysaurus pennsylvanicus Rapp p. 287
1946Parasuchia Kuhn p. 64
1953Clepsysaurus Lull p. 89
1954Parasuchia Huene p. 44
1956Palaeosaurus Romer p. 614
1957Phytosauria Baird p. 486
1957Thecodontosaurus platyodon Robinson p. 262
1958Phytosaurus maleriensis Colbert p. 75
1958Parasuchia Huene p. 205
1961Rileyasuchus bristolensis Kuhn
1962Clepsysaurus pennsylvanicus Gregory p. 4
1962Mystriosuchus plieningeri Gregory p. 12
1963Termatosaurus alberti Persson pp. 21-22
1964Parasuchia Kuhn p. 317
1964Phytosaurus Kuhn p. 319
1964Rileyasuchus bristolensis Kuhn p. 319
1964Francosuchus Kuhn p. 324
1970Palaeosauriscus platyodon Steel p. 25
1970Palaeosauriscus fraserianus Steel p. 26
1970Palaeosauriscus stricklandi Steel p. 26
1985Parasuchia Galton
1985Parasuchia Gauthier and Padian pp. 187-189 fig. 1
1988Belodon Carroll
1988Phytosauria Carroll
1990Parasuchia Sereno and Arcucci p. 39 fig. 7
1991Parasuchia Sereno p. 27
1993Parasuchia Parrish p. 290 fig. 1
1995Parasuchia Long and Murry
2002Phytosauria Hungerbühler p. 380
2005Parasuchia Irmis pp. 71-72
2007Phytosauria Weinbaum and Hungerbühler p. 141
2010Phytosauria Stocker
2011Phytosauria Nesbitt p. 193 fig. 51
2016Phytosauria Ezcurra

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
RankNameAuthor
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
Pseudosuchia(Zittel 1890)
Phytosauria(Jaeger 1828)
Phytosauria(Jaeger 1828)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
M. R. Stocker 2010A stem-based group that is the most inclusive clade containing Rutiodon carolinensis (Emmons 1856) but not Aetosaurus ferratus (Fraas 1877), Rauisuchus tiradentes (Huene 1942), Prestosuchus chiniquensis (Huene 1942), Ornithosuchus woodwardi (Newton 1894) or Crocodylus niloticus (Laurenti 1768).
S. J. Nesbitt 2011The most inclusive clade containing Rutiodon carolinensis(Emmons, 1856) but not Aetosaurus ferratus Fraas, 1877, Rauisuchus tiradentes Huene, 1942, Prestosuchus chiniquensis Huene, 1942, Ornithosuchus longidens Huxley, 1877, and Crocodylus niloticus Laurenti, 1768 (sensu Sereno, 2005).
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Diet: carnivoresubo
Created: 2009-01-03 20:38:18
Modified: 2009-01-03 22:38:18
Source: subo = suborder, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Kiessling 2004, Benton 1983, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Smithian to the top of the Early/Lower Hettangian or 251.30000 to 196.50000 Ma

Collections (399 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Smithian251.3 - 247.2Germany (Sachsen-Anhalt) Mesorhinus fraasi (97732)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0United Kingdom (England) Palaeosaurus cylindrodon (57944)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0China (Yunnan) Diandongosuchus fuyuanensis (130792)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Morocco (Marrakech) Phytosauria indet. (58618)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Germany (Bayern) Francosuchus angustifrons, Ebrachosuchus neukami, Mystriosuchus sp., Mystriosuchus plieningeri, Ebrachosuchus sp., Parasuchia indet. (97735) Francosuchus broilii, Francosuchus latus (97736) Francosuchus sp., Parasuchia indet. (97738)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Phytosauria indet. (106462)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0USA (New Mexico) Phytosauria indet. (125188) Phytosauria indet., Heterodontichnites hunti (22718) Phytosauridae indet. (83736 179085)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0USA (Texas) Paleorhinus bransoni (45441) Smilosuchus gregorii (84271)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0USA (Wyoming) Angistorhinus gracilis (91570) Angistorhinus grandis (107392) Angistorhinus sp. (91532) Angistorhinus sp., Angistorhinus aeolamnis (91529) Angistorhinus sp., Angistorhinus maximus (91569) Paleorhinus bransoni (107391) Paleorhinus parvus (91566) Parasuchus sp. (91474) Phytosauria indet. (91531 91568 91900 107393 107395)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Poland (Slaskie) Apatopus sp. (110468)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0USA (Utah) Phytosauria indet. (194144)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0USA (Virginia) Parasuchia indet. (39159 68950 68954 68957 68958)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0USA (North Carolina) Apatopus lineatus (55526) Palaeonornis struthionoides (107424) Phytosauria indet. (93563) Phytosauria indet., Rutiodon carolinensis (46567)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0India (Madhya Pradesh) Belodon sp. (94787) Parasuchus hislopi (106523) Phytosauria indet. (105292 174029)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Morocco (Argana Basin) Apatopus lineatus (195710)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Germany (Bavaria) Apatopus lineatus (195708)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5USA (Texas) Leptosuchus crosbiensis (98596) Leptosuchus crosbiensis, Promystriosuchus ehleri, Phytosaurus doughtyi (71976) Leptosuchus imperfecta (135656) Leptosuchus sp. (135653) Leptosuchus studeri, Brachysuchus megalodon (105766) Paleorhinus scurriensis (98606) Parasuchia indet. (71980) Phytosauria indet. (22666) Phytosauridae indet. (71979 94492) Smilosuchus gregorii (71982)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5Morocco (Marrakech-Tensift-Al Haouz) Phytosauria indet. (118012)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5India (Telangana) Parasuchus hislopi (106521)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5Poland (Opole) Paleorhinus arenaceus (82991) Paleorhinus sp. (61448 61449)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5India (Andhra Pradesh) Parasuchus hislopi (98628) Parasuchus hislopi, Brachysuchus maleriensis, Massospondylus sp. (112285) Phytosauria indet. (174080)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5USA (Arizona) Parasuchia indet. (93568)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5Portugal (Algarve) Phytosauria indet. (82902)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3Lithuania (Šiaulių apskritis) Phytosauria indet. (114996)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3Algeria (Illizi) Angistorhinus sp. (107214)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3USA (Texas) Belodon superciliosus (164521) Palaeoctonus dumblianus, Palaeoctonus orthodon (164520) Phytosauria indet., Phytosauridae indet., Phytosaurus sp. (39671)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3Madagascar (Toliara) Phytosauria indet. (106539)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3USA (Utah) Phytosauria indet. (196167)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3Turkey (Muğla) Phytosauria indet. (93558)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3USA (North Carolina) Compsosaurus priscus (79951)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3USA (Pennsylvania) Rutiodon sp. (34759)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3USA (Oklahoma) Phytosauridae indet. (94088)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3USA (New Mexico) Machaeroprosopus andersoni (196536) Parasuchia indet. (71981) Phytosauridae indet. (80913)
Tuvalian232.0 - 221.5Germany Apatopus lineatus (153474)
Tuvalian232.0 - 221.5Germany (Bavaria) Apatopus lineatus (195709)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Germany (Niedersachsen) Nicrosaurus sp., Mystriosuchus planirostris (106511)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Thailand (Chaiyaphum) Phytosauria indet. (89992)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (New Jersey) Anomoepus minor, Polemarchus gigas (46622) Apatopus sp. (55412) Dinosauria indet. (62836) Phytosauria indet., Rutiodon carolinensis (12856) Rutiodon sp. (92108)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Germany (Baden-Württenburg) Phytosauria indet. (92087)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (North Carolina) Phytosauria indet. (89149) Phytosauridae indet. (99541) Rutiodon carolinensis (99429)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Connecticut) Belodon validus (91752)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Canada (Nova Scotia) Rutiodon carolinensis (107287)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Thailand (Phetchabun) Phytosauria indet. (94152 106542)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Germany (Baden-Wurttemberg) Nicrosaurus kapffi (138914) Nicrosaurus sp., Belodon kapffi, Nicrosaurus species B (47785)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Utah) Phytosauria indet. (49582 92321 154239)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Arizona) Angistorhinus sp., Machaeroprosopus validus (93552) Arribasuchus buceros (93417) Leptosuchus adamanensis (92929 93109 93230 93541) Leptosuchus crosbiensis (92931) Leptosuchus sp. (52500 52502 57683 92824 92854 92912 92913 92923 92933 93108 93110 93111 93112 93113 93115 93116 93117 93118 93122 93125 93126 93127 93129 93130 93131 93133 93135 93227 93229 93231 93352 93356 93357 93478) Leptosuchus sp., Leptosuchus adamanensis (52501 92819 93132 93364) Leptosuchus sp., Leptosuchus crosbiensis (92922 93232 93360) Leptosuchus sp., Machaeroprosopus adamanensis (93123) Leptosuchus sp., Machaeroprosopus zunii (52499) Leptosuchus sp., Phytosaurus sp., Rauisuchidae indet. (39219) Machaeroprosopus adamanensis (92826) Machaeroprosopus gregorii (93362) Machaeroprosopus gregorii, Machaeroprosopus sp. (93547) Machaeroprosopus lithodendrorum (192008) Machaeroprosopus sp. (93549 93550) Machaeroprosopus tenuis, Pseudopalatus mccauleyi, Pseudopalatinae indet. (93431) Machaeroprosopus zunii (92910 92911) Nicrosaurus sp. (93491) Parasuchia indet. (93569 93571) Phytosauria indet. (93350 93351 93551) Phytosauria indet., Leptosuchus adamanensis (92322) Phytosauria indet., Pseudopalatus sp. (92855) Phytosauridae indet. (57685 62206 92850 94497) Phytosauridae indet., Rutiodon sp. (22705 48547) Pseudopalatinae indet. (48421 48546 49500 57684 57686 84263 93392 93393 93394 93396 93401 93406 93408 93413 93415 93418 93427 93430 93435 93437 93440 93442 93443 93444 93445 93447 93452 93455 93456 93457 93460 93465 93467 93470 93471 93472 93473 93474) Pseudopalatinae indet., Arribasuchus buceros (93433) Pseudopalatus jablonskiae (88338) Pseudopalatus pristinus (93429 93461 93462 93464 93466 93566) Pseudopalatus pristinus, Pseudopalatinae indet. (93432) Pseudopalatus sp. (92827) Rutiodon adamanensis (84264) Rutiodon sp. (84265 84266 84268) Rutiodon sp., Leptosuchus sp., Leptosuchus adamanensis, Paleorhinus sp. (39160) Smilosuchus gregorii (93358 93363) Smilosuchus sp. (92852)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (New York) Phytosauria indet., Apatopus lineatus (57917)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (New Mexico) Apatopus sp. (46560 84021) Belodon buceros (93620) Machaeroprosopus sp. (93685) Paleorhinus sp. (93560) Parasuchia indet. (75651 75652 75653 75654 75657 75658 75659 75660 75661 75662 75663 75664 75665 75666 75667 75669) Parasuchia indet., Parasuchia indet. (55248) Parasuchidae indet. (89969 93576 93578 93579 93641 93645 93646 93647 93650 93651 93653 93658 93662 93663 93664 93665 93666 93667 93671) Phytosauridae indet. (54007 57071 80925 83740 93565 93581 93583 93584 93585 93588 93589 93590 93593 93594 93602 93604 93605 93608 93609 93611 93618 94092 94103 179082 179083 179598 179599 179600 179601) Phytosauridae indet., Angistorhinus sp. (93615) Phytosauridae indet., Heterodontichnites hunti (93613) Pseudopalatinae indet. (74202) Pseudopalatus mccauleyi, Phytosauria indet. (188759) Pseudopalatus pristinus (94105) Pseudopalatus pristinus, Arribasuchus buceros (47126) Pseudopalatus sp. (80926) Pseudopalatus sp., Parasuchidae indet. (48516) Redondasaurus gregorii, Rutiodon sp. (83737) Redondasaurus sp. (93672) Rutiodon sp. (84272 93575 93580 93617 94091) Rutiodon sp. B (83738) Rutiodon sp. B, Pseudopalatus mccauleyi, Rutiodon gregorii (49499)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Austria (Styria) Mystriosuchus planirostris (97845)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Virginia) Rutiodon manhattanensis (103815)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Belodon planirostris, Mystriosuchus westphali (105832) Belodon plieningeri, Phytosauria indet., Nicrosaurus kapffi (105834) Mystriosuchus westphali (105831 105833) Nicrosaurus kapffi (106363 138915) Nicrosaurus species B (138916) Phytosauria indet. (138865 138867)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Germany (Bayern) Coburgosuchus goeckeli (97731) Phytosauridae indet. (97820)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Pennsylvania) Apatopus sp. (55413 84116) Clepsysaurus pennsylvanicus (107423) Palaeosaurus fraserianus, Palaeoctonus appalachianus, Clepsysaurus veatleianus, Suchoprion cyphodon, Suchoprion aulacodus, Belodon priscus, Belodon caroliniensis (59371) Rutiodon carolinensis, Rutiodon manhattanensis (105836)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) Phytosauridae indet. (99665)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Texas) Angistorhinus alticephalus (135695) Angistorhinus grandis (93600) Machaeroprosopus lottorum (196537) Paleorhinus bransoni, Angistorhinus megalodon, Phytosauria indet. (22706) Paleorhinus bransoni, Phytosauridae indet. (22707) Paleorhinus sawini (98605) Parasuchia indet., Leptosuchus crosbiensis (13273) Parasuchidae indet. (12942) Phytosauria indet. (13266) Phytosauridae indet. (48424) Phytosauridae indet., Paleorhinus bransoni, Phytosauria indet. (22704) Promystriosuchus ehlersi, Brachysuchus megalodon (135657) Rutiodon sp. (84269)
Norian - Rhaetian228.0 - 201.3Germany (Niedersachsen) Angistorhinopsis ruetimeyeri (106517)
Norian - Rhaetian228.0 - 201.3USA (New Mexico) Phytosauridae indet. (93690)
Norian - Rhaetian228.0 - 201.3USA (New Jersey) Apatopus sp. (187321)
Norian - Rhaetian228.0 - 201.3USA (Colorado) Apatopus sp. (179080) Phytosauria indet. (178451)
Norian - Rhaetian228.0 - 201.3USA (Utah) Chirotherium sp. (193014) Phytosauria indet. (83555)
Norian - Early/Lower Jurassic228.0 - 174.1Madagascar (Toliara) Phytosauridae indet. (96323 96325)
Lacian - Alaunian221.5 - 212.0USA (Virginia) Phytosauria indet. (68889)
Lacian - Alaunian221.5 - 212.0USA (New Mexico) Phytosauridae indet., Pseudopalatus buceros (62311)
Alaunian215.56 - 212.0Italy (Lombardia) Mystriosuchus sp., Mystriosuchus planirostris (36377)
Alaunian215.56 - 212.0Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Mystriosuchus sp., Mystriosuchus planirostris (47800)
Alaunian215.56 - 212.0Greenland Phytosauria indet. (27006 192868)
Alaunian215.56 - 212.0Luxembourg (Diekirch) Phytosauridae indet. (56047)
Sevatian212.0 - 205.6Switzerland (Basel-Landschaft) Mystriosuchus ruetimeyeri (47802)
Sevatian212.0 - 205.6Italy (Lombardia) Mystriosuchus sp. (106518)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3United Kingdom (Wales) Palaeosaurus sp. (72293)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Luxembourg Phytosauridae indet. (67895)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3France (Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur Region) Termatosaurus sp. (31772 31774)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Switzerland (Schaffhausen) Termatosaurus albertii (47803)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3USA (Utah) Apatopus sp. (57063 57064) Redondasaurus gregorii (137230)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Germany Termatosaurus crocodilinus, Termatosaurus albertii (149329)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3USA (New Mexico) Redondasaurus gregorii, Phytosauria indet. (48422)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Termatosaurus sp., Phytosauria indet. (131422)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3France (Lorraine) Phytosauridae indet. (92109) Phytosauridae indet. 2, Rutiodon rutimeyeri (36106)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3USA (Arizona) Pseudopalatus buceros, Pseudopalatus sp. (84009) Pseudopalatus mccauleyi, Pseudopalatus sp. (84012) Pseudopalatus pristinus, Pseudopalatus sp. (48423 84013 84014 84015 84016 84017) Pseudopalatus sp. (84010)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Germany (Sachsen-Anhalt) Belodontidae indet. (139483) Mystriosuchus sp., Angistorhinopsis ruetimeyeri (139488)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3France (Franche-Comte) Termatosaurus alberti (90876)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3United Kingdom (England) Palaeosaurus sp. (46889 120898) Phytosauridae indet., Rileya bristolensis, Palaeosaurus platyodon, Palaeosaurus cylindricum (51970) Termatosaurus crocodilinus (122365)
Early/Lower Hettangian201.3 - 196.5United Kingdom (England) Mystriosuchus sp. (97844)