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Mactra

Bivalvia - Cardiida - Mactridae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1767Mactra Linnaeus p. 1125
1854Mactra gabiotensis Conrad p. 194 figs. pi. 7, fig. 3
1857Mactra Deshayes
1904Mactra Glenn p. 285
1916Mactra Packard p. 278
1931Mactra Olsson p. 66
1935Mactra Oostingh p. 195
1939Mactra Mukerjee p. 14
1969Mactra da Silva Forti p. 90
1980Mactra Vokes p. 135
1983Mactra Gliozzi and Malatesta p. 98
1984Mactra Gazdzicki and Pugaczewska p. 102
1992Mactra Lamprell and Whitehead p. 76
1995Mactra Frassinetti and Covacevich p. 54
2002Mactra Matsubara p. 141
2002Mactra Sepkoski, Jr.
2006Mactra Beu p. 225
2010Mactra Bouchet et al.
2016Mactra Signorelli and Carter p. 209 figs. Table 1

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
classBivalvia
Eubivalvia
subclassAutobranchia(Groblen 1894)
infraclassHeteroconchia(Cox 1960)
CardiomorphiFerussac 1822
RankNameAuthor
CardioniFerussac 1822
CardiidiaFerussac 1822
CardiataFerussac 1822
superorderCardiiformiiFerussac 1822
orderCardiidaFerussac 1822
suborderCardiidinaFerussac 1822
Veneroidei(Gray 1854)
VeneroiteiGray 1854
superfamilyMactroidea(Lamarck 1809)
familyMactridaeLamarck 1809
subfamilyMactrinaeLamarck 1809
genusMactraLinnaeus 1767

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
E. L. Packard 1916Shell ovate-trigonal, subequilateral; chondophore roofed at the apex; spur distinct; ligament separated from the resilium by a shelly ridge.