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Morphology Ecology and taphonomy   Age range and collections

Mercenaria (quahog)

Bivalvia - Cardiida - Veneridae

Taxonomy
Mercenaria was named by Schumacher (1817) [Sepkoski's age data: T Ol-u R Sepkoski's reference number: 1112]. It is extant.

It was reranked as Venus (Mercenaria) by Gardner (1943).

It was assigned to Venus by Gardner (1943); to Chioninae by Ward (1992); to Veneridae by Ward and Blackwelder (1987), Coan et al. (2000) and Todd (2001); to Veneroida by Sepkoski (2002); and to Venerinae by Coan and Valentich-Scott (2012).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1817Mercenaria Schumacher
1943Venus (Mercenaria) Gardner p. 129
1987Mercenaria Ward and Blackwelder p. 130
1992Mercenaria Ward p. 107
2000Mercenaria Coan et al. p. 373
2001Mercenaria Todd
2002Mercenaria Sepkoski, Jr.
2012Mercenaria Coan and Valentich-Scott p. 781

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
Schizocoela
phylumMollusca
classBivalvia
Eubivalvia
subclassAutobranchia(Groblen 1894)
infraclassHeteroconchia(Cox 1960)
CardiomorphiFerussac 1822
RankNameAuthor
CardioniFerussac 1822
CardiidiaFerussac 1822
CardiataFerussac 1822
superorderCardiiformiiFerussac 1822
orderCardiidaFerussac 1822
suborderCardiidinaFerussac 1822
Veneroidei(Gray 1854)
VeneroiteiGray 1854
superfamilyVeneroidea(Rafinesque 1815)
familyVeneridaeRafinesque 1815
subfamilyVenerinaeRafinesque 1815
genusMercenariaSchumacher 1817

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available