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Vespoidea

Insecta - Hymenoptera

Taxonomy
Vespoidea was named by Latreille (1802). It is extant.

It was assigned to Apocrita by Rasnitsyn (1975); to Aculeata by Brothers (1999); and to Aculeata by Heraty et al. (2011).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1802Vespoidea Latreille p. 358
1975Vespoidea Rasnitsyn
1999Vespoidea Brothers p. 233
2011Vespoidea Heraty et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
superclassHexapodaLatreille 1825
classInsecta
Dicondylia
Paranotalia
RankNameAuthor
subclassPterygota()
NeopterygotaCrampton 1924
infraclassNeopteraMartynov 1923
Holometabola
Hymenopterida
orderHymenoptera
Unicalcarida
suborderApocritaGerstaecker 1867
Aculeata()
superfamilyVespoidea
superfamilyVespoidea

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Superfm. Vespoidea Latreille 1802
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Fm. †Falsiformicidae Rasnitsyn 1975
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G. †Burmomyrma Dlussky 1996
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Burmomyrma rossi Dlussky 1996
G. †Falsiformica Rasnitsyn 1975
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Falsiformica cretacea Rasnitsyn 1975
G. †Siccibythus Cockx and McKellar 2016
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Siccibythus martynovae Rasnitsyn et al. 2020
Siccibythus musculosus Cockx and McKellar 2016
Siccibythus oculatus Rasnitsyn et al. 2020
Siccibythus ohmkuhnlei Rasnitsyn et al. 2020
Siccibythus pallidus Rasnitsyn et al. 2020
Siccibythus paulus Rasnitsyn et al. 2020
G. †Taimyrisphex Evans 1973
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Taimyrisphex pristinus Evans 1973
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G. †Cretolixon Lohrmann 2020
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Cretolixon alatum Lohrmann 2020
G. †Eorhopalosoma Engel 2008
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Eorhopalosoma gorgyra Engel 2008
Eorhopalosoma lohrmanni Boudinot and Dungey 2020
G. Rhopalosoma Cresson 1865
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Rhopalosoma hispaniola Lohrmann 2019
Fm. Tiphiidae Leach 1815
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Subfm. †Burmatiphiinae Zheng et al. 2022
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G. †Burmatiphia Zheng et al. 2022
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Burmatiphia mandibulata Zheng et al. 2022
Subfm. †Dryophiinae Antropov 2014
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G. †Dryophia Antropov 2014
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Dryophia oculata Antropov 2014
G. Paratiphia Saussure and Sichel 1864
Subfm. †Thanatotiphiinae Engel et al. 2009
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G. †Thanatotiphia Engel et al. 2009
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Thanatotiphia nyx Engel et al. 2009
Subfm. Tiphiinae Leach 1815
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G. †Philoponites Cockerell 1915
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Philoponites clarus Cockerell 1915
Philoponites praefractus Cockerell 1907
G. Tiphia Fabricius 1775
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Tiphia brevala Zhang 1989
Tiphia dimidiata Zhang et al. 1994
Tiphia dolichogaster Zhang 1989
Tiphia mediovena Zhang 1989
Tiphia rara Zhang et al. 1994
Tiphia shanwangensis Hong 1984
Tiphia varia Zhang 1989
Invalid names: Brachyopteris Hong 1984 [synonym]
Fm. Vespidae Latreille 1802
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G. Agelaia Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau 1835
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Agelaia electra Carpenter and Grimaldi 1997
G. †Archaeovespa Wu et al. 2020
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Archaeovespa cretacea Wu et al. 2020
Archaeovespa engeli Wu et al. 2020
Archaeovespa incompleta Wu et al. 2021
Archaeovespa malleata Wu et al. 2020
Subfm. Eumeninae Leach 1815 [potter wasp]
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G. Alastor Lepeletier 1841
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Alastor rottensis Meunier 1915
Alastor solidescens Scudder 1890
G. Ancistrocerus Wesmael 1836
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Ancistrocerus berlandi Piton 1940
G. Eumenes Latreille 1802
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Eumenes projaponica Piton 1940
Eumenes shanwangensis Hong 1984
Invalid names: Pseudoperla Hong 1984 [synonym]
G. †Eunortonia Carpenter 1986
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Eunortonia sepulta Timon-David 1944
Invalid names: Pseudonortonia Timon-David 1944 [replaced]
G. †Harmorhynchium Zhang et al. 1994
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Harmorhynchium reflexum Zhang et al. 1994
G. Odynerus Latreille 1802
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Odynerus manevali Piton 1940
Odynerus oligopunctatus Theobald 1937
Odynerus palaeophilus Cockerell 1906
Odynerus percontusus Cockerell 1915
Odynerus praesepultus Cockerell 1906
Odynerus terryi Cockerell 1909
Odynerus wilmattae Cockerell 1915
G. Rhynchium Spinola 1806
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Rhynchium andrei Piton 1940
G. †Rotundipetiolus Zhang 1989
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G. Rygchium Spinola 1806
G. †Sphaerancistrocerus Antropov 2014
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G. Symmorphus Wesmael 1836
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Symmorphus senex Carpenter 2000
Subfm. Euparagiinae Ashmead 1902
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G. †Curiosivespa Rasnitsyn 1975
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Curiosivespa antiqua Carpenter and Rasnitsyn 1990
Curiosivespa curiosa Rasnitsyn 1975
Curiosivespa derivata Carpenter and Rasnitsyn 1990
Curiosivespa magna Rasnitsyn 1975
Curiosivespa orapa Brothers 1992
Curiosivespa sennlaubi Jouault et al. 2021
Curiosivespa striata Perrard and Carpenter 2017
Curiosivespa zigrasi Perrard and Carpenter 2017
G. †Priorparagia Brothers and Rasnitsyn 2008
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Priorparagia anancites Brothers and Rasnitsyn 2008
Subfm. Polistinae Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau 1835
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G. †Palaeopolistes Perrard 2014
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Palaeopolistes jattioti Perrard 2014
G. †Palaeopolybia Antropov 2014
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Palaeopolybia anglica Cockerell 1921
Tr. Polistini Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau 1835
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G. Polistes Latreille 1802
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Polistes attavina Heer 1849
Polistes industrius Theobald 1937
Polistes kirbyanus Cockerell 1915
Polistes signata Statz 1936
Polistes vergnei Piton 1940
Invalid names: Polistes primitiva Heer 1864 [nomen nudum]
G. †Protopolistes Antropov 2014
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Protopolistes oblitus Cockerell 1921
G. Polybia Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau 1835
Subfm. †Priorvespinae Carpenter and Rasnitsyn 1990
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G. †Priorvespa Carpenter and Rasnitsyn 1990
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Priorvespa bullata Carpenter and Rasnitsyn 1990
Priorvespa directa Carpenter and Rasnitsyn 1990
Priorvespa longiceps Carpenter and Rasnitsyn 1990
Priorvespa minuta Carpenter and Rasnitsyn 1990
Priorvespa quadrata Carpenter and Rasnitsyn 1990
Priorvespa recidiva Carpenter and Rasnitsyn 1990
Subfm. †Protovespinae Perrard and Carpenter 2017
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G. †Protovespa Perrard and Carpenter 2017
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Protovespa haxairei Perrard and Carpenter 2017
Subfm. †Vespatulinae Jouault 2023
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G. †Alivespa Wu et al. 2020
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Alivespa colossa Wu et al. 2020
Alivespa gracilenta Wu et al. 2021
Alivespa hirta Wu et al. 2020
G. †Vespatula Jouault 2023
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Vespatula condaminei Jouault 2023
Subfm. Vespinae Latreille 1802
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G. †Palaeovespa Cockerell 1906
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Palaeovespa baltica Cockerell 1909
Palaeovespa florissantia Cockerell 1906
Palaeovespa gillettei Cockerell 1906
Palaeovespa relecta Cockerell 1923
Palaeovespa scudderi Cockerell 1906
Palaeovespa socialis Poinar 2005
Palaeovespa wilsoni Cockerell 1915
Paleovespa menatensis Nel and Auvray 2006
G. Provespa Ashmead 1903
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Provespa nobilis Zhang et al. 1994
G. Vespa Linnaeus 1758
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Vespa bilineata Statz 1936
Vespa binghami du Buysson 1904
Vespa ciliata Zhang et al. 1994
Vespa cordifera Statz 1936
Vespa crabroniformis Heer 1867
Vespa mandarinia Smith 1852 [Asian giant hornet]
Vespa nigra Statz 1936
Vespa picea Zhang et al. 1994
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: chitinc
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilep
Created: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Modified: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Source: c = class, p = phylum
References: Bush and Bambach 2015, Kiessling 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Aptian to the top of the Late/Upper Pleistocene or 125.00000 to 0.01170 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 122.46 Ma

Collections (76 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Aptian125.0 - 113.0Mongolia Curiosivespa derivata, Priorvespa recidiva, Priorvespa quadrata (113355) Priorvespa directa (113359) Priorvespa quadrata, Priorvespa minuta (113356)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0Russian Federation (Buryatia) Curiosivespa antiqua (119498) Priorvespa bullata (119441)
Late/Upper Aptian122.46 - 113.0Brazil (Ceará) Curiosivespa sennlaubi (215116) Vespidae indet. (122557)
Early/Lower Aptian121.4 - 122.46Russian Federation (Chita) Vespoidea indet., Priorvespa longiceps (119499)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Myanmar (Kachin) Protovespa haxairei, Curiosivespa zigrasi, Curiosivespa striata (123113)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5France Falsiformicidae indet. (123019)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Myanmar Alivespa hirta, Alivespa colossa, Archaeovespa engeli, Archaeovespa cretacea, Archaeovespa malleata, Alivespa gracilenta, Archaeovespa incompleta (165561) Burmatiphia mandibulata (198285) Burmomyrma rossi (123020) Cretolixon alatum (184841) Cretolixon alatum, Siccibythus oculatus (161726) Cretolixon alatum, Siccibythus oculatus, Siccibythus pallidus, Siccibythus paulus (216411) Eorhopalosoma gorgyra, Thanatotiphia nyx (111688) Eorhopalosoma lohrmanni (207538) Rhopalosomatidae indet., Cretolixon alatum (188399) Siccibythus martynovae, Siccibythus ohmkuhnlei (194182) Siccibythus musculosus (166234) Vespatula condaminei (179227)
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Russian Federation Falsiformica cretacea (35051)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8Botswana Curiosivespa orapa, Priorparagia anancites (123430)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8Kazakhstan (Kzyl-Orda) Curiosivespa curiosa, Curiosivespa magna (113401)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8Kazakhstan Curiosivespa curiosa (103274)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8USA (New Jersey) Symmorphus senex (110895)
Late/Upper Santonian85.8 - 83.5Russian Federation Taimyrisphex pristinus (122590)
Selandian61.6 - 59.2France (Auvergne) Paleovespa menatensis (123436) Rygchium andrei, Odynerus manevali, Ancistrocerus eocenicus, Ancistrocerus berlandi, Eumenes projaponica, Polistes vergnei (113685)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8France (Oise) Eumeninae indet. (123850)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8USA (Washington) Vespidae indet. (119947)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Canada (British Columbia) Vespidae indet. (31677 103205 192138 192140)
Bridgerian50.3 - 46.2USA (Wyoming) Didineis solidescens (122090)
MP 1148.6 - 40.4Germany (Hessen) Tiphiidae indet., Vespoidea indet. (120798)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9France (Gard) Palaeopolistes jattioti (144529)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Russian Federation (Kaliningrad) Palaeovespa baltica (123927) Palaeovespa socialis (125139)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9United Kingdom (England) Eumeninae indet., Polybia anglica (123960) Philoponites clarus, Sphaerancistrocerus petiolatus (123959) Polybia oblita, Dryophia oculata (21976)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (Colorado) Odynerus percontusus, Palaeovespa wilsoni (113749) Odynerus terryi (122742) Odynerus wilmattae, Paratiphia praefracta (106381) Palaeovespa florissantia, Palaeovespa scudderi, Palaeovespa gillettei, Odynerus praesepultus, Odynerus palaeophilus (106384) Palaeovespa relecta (124527) Palaeovespa scudderi (106379 144782)
MP 2333.9 - 28.4France Vespoidea indet., Polistes industrius, Rhynchium sp., Odynerus oligopunctatus (122535)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Czech Republic Polistinae indet. (155295 155296)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia) Alastor rottensis, Vespa cordifera, Vespa bilineata, Vespa nigra, Polistes signata (122010)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03France (Bouches-du-Rhone) Pseudonortonia sepulta (155869)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Spain (Castellon) Tiphiidae indet. (140795)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Mexico (Chiapas) Rhopalosoma sp. (201608)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97China (Shandong) Pseudoperla shanwangensis, Brachyopteris shanwangensis (128550) Rotundipetiolus longiantennus, Vespa sp., Tiphia dolichogaster, Vespa binghami (128551) Tiphia brevala, Tiphia varia, Tiphia mediovena, Vespa magnifica (128552) Tiphia dimidiata, Harmorhynchium reflexum, Provespa nobilis, Vespa ciliata (138944) Tiphia rara (138945) Vespa picea (138946)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Japan (Gifu) Vespidae indet. (181074)
Burdigalian - Langhian20.44 - 13.82Dominican Republic Agelaia electra (122982 123422) Rhopalosoma hispaniola (153459)
MN 320.0 - 16.9Czech Republic Polistinae indet. (105508)
Middle Miocene - Late/Upper Miocene15.97 - 5.333Thailand Eumeninae indet. (140983)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Austria (Steiermark) Vespa attavina (115306)
Sarmatian12.7 - 11.608Croatia Vespa crabroniformis (117250)
Sarmatian12.7 - 11.608Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Polistes kirbyanus, Polistes primitiva (117252)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Russian Federation (Khabarovsk) Eumenidae indet. (117672)
Middle Pleistocene0.774 - 0.129Japan Polistes sp. (194482)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.129 - 0.0117USA (Virginia) Vespidae indet. (103991)