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Xiphosurida

Xiphosura - Xiphosurida

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1802Xiphosurida Latreille
1919Omoptilus Pruvost p. 103
1919Omoptilus hispidus Pruvost pp. 106-109 figs. Pl IV fig 1-5
1922Omoptilus Handlirsch p. 57
1922Omoptilus hispidus Handlirsch p. 57
1939Omoptilus Handlirsch
1955Xiphosurida Størmer p. 14
2002Xiphosurida Sepkoski, Jr.
2010Xiphosurida Krzemiński et al. p. 133
2013Xiphosurida Lamsdell p. 20

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
RankNameAuthor
subphylumChelicerataHeymons 1901
EuchelicerataWeygoldt and Paulus 1979
Prosomapoda
classXiphosura()
orderXiphosuridaLatreille 1802
orderXiphosuridaLatreille 1802

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: nektobenthicc
Diet: carnivorec
Vision: limitedo
Created: 2010-02-05 01:13:59
Modified: 2010-02-22 02:35:37
Source: o = order, c = class
References: Bambach et al. 2007, Jell and Adrain 2002

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Llanvirnian to the top of the Holocene or 468.10000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 466.0 Ma

Collections (849 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Llanvirnian468.1 - 460.9USA (Tennessee) Chasmataspis laurencii (37450)
Sarka466.0 - 466.0Czech Republic Archeolimulus sp. (3857)
Black River460.9 - 457.5USA (New York) Eurypterida indet. (328)
Edenian460.9 - 449.5USA (Pennsylvania) Megalograptus sp. (34895)
Katian453.0 - 445.2Turkey Paraeurypterus anatoliensis (184932)
Richmond - Ashgill449.5 - 443.7USA (Ohio) Megalograptus sp. (392)
Richmondian - Ashgill449.5 - 443.7USA (Ohio) Megalograptus sp. (393)
Hirnantian445.2 - 443.4South Africa Onychopterella augusti (26994)
Llandovery443.4 - 433.4USA (Pennsylvania) Erettopterus globiceps, Hardieopterus myops, Hughmilleria shawangunk, Kiaeropterus otisius, Parahughmilleria maria (12765)
Llandovery443.4 - 433.4Canada (Ontario) Carcinosoma libertyi (13854)
Llandovery443.4 - 433.4United Kingdom (Scotland) Carcinosoma scoticum, Lamontopterus knoxae, Laurieopterus elegans, Nanahughmilleria conica, Parastylonurus hendersoni, Slimonia dubia, Drepanopterus bembycoides, Drepanopterus pentlandicus, Eurypterus minor, Hardieopterus macrophthalmus, Eurypterus cephalaspis (26885)
Llandovery443.4 - 433.4USA (Illinois) Onychopterella pumilis (13853)
Llandovery - Wenlock443.4 - 427.4Libya Carcinosoma sp., Pterygotus sp. (26987)
Llandovery - Wenlock443.4 - 427.4United Kingdom (Scotland) Xiphosurida indet., Carcinosoma scorpionoides, Erettopterus bilobus, Nanahughmilleria lanceolata, Paracarcinosoma obesus, Parastylonurus sigmoidalis, Pterygotus lanarkensis, Slimonia acuminata (26889) Xiphosurida indet., Erettopterus bilobus, Hardieopterus lanarkensis, Nanahughmilleria lanceolata, Slimonia acuminata (26886)
Llandovery - Ludlow443.4 - 423.0USA (New York) Ctenopterus cestrotus, Erettopterus globiceps, Hardieopterus myops, Hughmilleria shawangunk, Kiaeropterus otisius, Nanahughmilleria clarkei, Rhinocarcinosoma cicerops, Ruedemannipterus stylonuroides, Parahughmilleria maria (12764)
Silurian443.4 - 419.2USA (New York) Carcinosoma sp. (10455) Nanahughmilleria prominens (13852) Pterygotus sp., Eurypterus remipes (10456) Slimonia sp. (10454)
Silurian443.4 - 419.2USA (Pennsylvania) Ctenopterus cestrotus, Erettopterus globiceps, Hardieopterus myops, Hughmilleria shawangunk, Kiaeropterus otisius, Nanahughmilleria clarkei, Rhinocarcinosoma cicerops, Ruedemannipterus stylonuroides, Parahughmilleria maria (12763)
Aeronian440.8 - 438.5Morocco Pterygotus sp. (26985)
Telychian438.5 - 433.4China (Sichuan) Pterygotidae indet. (27907)
Telychian438.5 - 433.4China (Hunan) Hughmilleria wangi (184699)