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Trilobita (trilobite)

Trilobita -

Subtaxa
Abakanopleura, Acantholenus, Acrohybus, Aglagalia, Agnostida, Agraulaeva, Aguaraya, Aidarella, Aldonaiidae, Alomataspis, Altajaharpes, Amechilus, Amgaspididae, Amginouyia, Ampellatocephalina, Anacopodia, Anomocarellidae, Antagmidae, Antagmopleura, Antatlaeva, Asaphida, Atopidae, Aulacopleurida, Auritamidae, Avalonia, Avascutellum, Avoninidae, Barklyella, Bathynotellus, Bathynotidae, Beikedamaspis, Bergerolimbus, Bicornipyge, Blayacina, Bondarevites, Brevitermierella, Bridgeia, Carmon, Catadoxides, Chakasskia, Changshaniidae, Chinensis, Chondroparia, Conoides, Cornovica, Corynexochida, Costonia, Crossoura, Curiaspis, Cuyanaspis, Cyclolenzellina, Dalmanites troosti, Deltacare, Dikelocephalidae, Edganocare, Ellipsocephaloididae, Ellipsuella, Ellsaspis, Entomostracites, Entsyna, Eodiscida, Eosaukia, Erbenochile, Esseigania, Eulomella, Eutrilobita, Fabulaspis, Folliceps, Fritzaspis, Galahetes, Gentilapsis, Gigmpeltis, Gigoutella, Giordanella, Goycoia, Hamashania, Harpetida, Harpida, Harpididae, Hercantyx, Hicksia, Holocephalinidae, Howelluella, Ignotogregatidae, Indigestus (syn. Hybocephalus), Indiligens (syn. Hospes), Ishpella, Isocolidae, Issafenia, Issafeniella, Ityophoridae, Jamrogiidae, Jonotus, Jubileia, Judaiella, Juriietella, Kamlacus, Kanfuqingia, Kerbinella, Kinsabia, Knechtelia, Kolpura, Kujandina, Leptopilus, Levisia, Libristoma, Lichida, Liriamnica, Llanoaspididae, Lomsucaspis, Lotosoides, Loxonepea, Loxopeltis, Lusampa, Mannschreckia, Mapaniidae, Mataninella, Mecophrys, Megalaspidicus, Megalurites, Meisterella, Meneghinella, Metapopristis, Missisquoiidae, Monkaspididae, Moretarva, Namanoiidae, Naraoiida, Neomalungia, Nepeidae, Ninaspis, Norina, Odontopleurida, Ogygiocaridinae, Olenellida, Olenida, Onchonotopsidae, Opisthoparia, Ordosiidae, Orictocara, Orienturus, Otekmaspis, Otenaspella, Oxygonaspis, Paichiashania, Palaeolentus, Paleoaethia (syn. Aethia), Palmeraspis, Paraplagiura, Paraplesiograulos, Pararania, Peculicephalina, Perissopyge, Phacopida, Phylacteridae, Piliolites, Planolimbus, Pliomerellus, Poculicephalina, Polycyrtaspididae, Proetida, Proparia, Pseudoacicaudus, Pseudoclelandia, Pseudocrecephalaspina, Pseudoliostracina, Pseudosalteria, Pseudotermierella, Ptyttstrigis, Punctaspis, Redlichaspis, Redlichiida, Remopleuridacea, Repinaella, Resseria, Resseropsis, Rochaeva, Rowia, Sailycaspis, Sarkiidae, Scutelluidae, Sectigena, Selenocoryphe, Serksia, Serksioides, Sibiriopeltis, Smeathenia, Sphaerocare, Spizharaspis, Stittaspis, Sunaspididae, Tadakoustia, Taidonorus, Taplimella, Tazemmourtia, Thymurus, Tongxingaspis, Toxotis, Trapezocephalina, Trilobus, Trinia, Tuyunaspis, Ullaspis, Ulrickaspis, Utiidae, Validaspis, Volonellus, Westergardia, Whittardolithus, Winsteria, Wuaniidae, Zigzuella

View classification of included taxa

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1771Trilobita Walch
1869Dalmanites troosti Safford
1933Trilobita Phleger, Jr. p. 11
1935Trilobita Mason p. 102
1952Trilobita Riccio p. 29
1968Trilobita Robison and Pantoja-Alor p. 775
1992Trilobita Bengtson p. 1022
2001Trilobita McMenamin p. 114
2002Trilobita Sepkoski, Jr.
2007Trilobita Kihm and St. John
2008Trilobita Briggs et al. p. 249
2012Trilobita Nielsen p. 244 figs. Fig. 44.2

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Ecdysozoa
RankNameAuthor
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
subphylumMandibulata
classTrilobitaWalch 1771
classTrilobitaWalch 1771

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: low Mg calcitec
Composition 2: chitinc
Ontogeny: molting, addition of partsc
Environment: marinec
Locomotion: fast-movingc
Life habit: low-level epifaunalc
Diet: carnivorec
Comments: ECOSPACE CODE: 312. LIFE HISTORY: generally fast moving, surficial, detritivore JA: originally entered as detritivorous, but primitively "predatory/scavenging" according to Fortey and Owens 1999 based on "morphological grounds" and "out-group comparison"c
Created: 2004-02-29 09:07:31
Modified: 2016-06-02 12:44:28
Source: c = class
Reference: Aberhan et al. 2004

Age range: base of the Manykaian to the top of the Changhsingian or 541.00000 to 252.17000 Ma

Collections (14694 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Manykaian541.0 - 530.0Canada (Nova Scotia) Trilobita indet. (86747 86748)
Placentian541.0 - 516.0USA (Massachusetts) Strenuella strenua (56838)
Early/Lower Cambrian541.0 - 513.0USA (California) Bristolia bristolensis (149648 149698) Bristolia bristolensis, Olenellus euryparia (149647) Olenellus arcuatus, Olenellus cylindricus (149609 151379) Olenellus arcuatus, Olenellus nevadensis (149627) Olenellus euryparia (149650) Olenellus fremonti, Olenellus multinodus (149638) Olenellus gilberti (149630) Olenellus gilberti, Bristolia bristolensis (149628) Olenellus gilberti, Olenellus clarki (149631) Olenellus gilberti, Olenellus clarki, Peachella iddingsi, Bristolia anteros, Bristolia fragilis (149629) Olenellus gilberti, Olenellus fremonti, Olenellus clarki, Olenellus multinodus (149651 149696) Olenellus puertoblancoensis, Olenellus howelli, Olenellus sp. indet.1, Olenellus gilberti (149611 149612) Olenellus puertoblancoensis, Olenellus howelli, Ptychopariida indet., Olenellus gilberti, Olenellus clarki, Peachella iddingsi, Olenellus nevadensis, Bristolia anteros, Bristolia fragilis (149610 151378) Olenellus sp. indet.1, Olenellus gilberti, Olenellus multinodus (149614) Olenellus sp., Bonnia sp. (149700) Olenellus sp., Bonnia sp., Peachella iddingsi, Bristolia anteros (149699) Olenellus sp., Bristolia bristolensis, Olenellus nevadensis (149693 149694) Olenellus sp., Peachella iddingsi (149695) Paedeumias nevadensis, Olenellus fremonti, Olenellus bristolensis, Olenellus insolens, Paedeumias clarki, Paedeumias mohavensis (192036) Peachella brevispina, Bristolia fragilis (149649) Wanneria sp. (149697)
Early/Lower Cambrian541.0 - 513.0Antarctica Redlichia sp., Australaspis magnus, Glabrella pitans, Chorbusulina wilkesi, Pensacola isolata, Bathyuriscellus australis, Bathyuriscellus modestus, Chorbusulina subdita (154030)
Early/Lower Cambrian541.0 - 513.0Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Redlichiidae indet., Edelsteinaspididae indet., Namanoiidae indet. (182203)
Early/Lower Cambrian541.0 - 513.0Greenland Olenellus hanseni, Perissopyge sp. (93093) Olenellus hyperboreus (106059)
Early/Lower Cambrian541.0 - 513.0USA (Nevada) Bristolia anteros (149558) Bristolia fragilis (149551) Corynexochida indet. 2, Olenellus gilberti (149358) Holmiidae indet. (204018) Judomia sp., Laudonia sp., Nevadella sp. (204031) Laudonia sp., Olenellus sp. (204030) Nevadella sp. (204025 204027 204032) Olenellidae indet. (204009 204020 204022 204023) Olenellus fremonti, Bristolia bristolensis, Olenellus clarki, Peachella iddingsi, Bristolia anteros, Bristolia fragilis (149555) Olenellus gilberti (149359 149360 149361 149362 149559 204008) Olenellus gilberti, Olenellus fremonti, Olenellus clarki, Peachella iddingsi, Bristolia anteros, Bristolia fragilis (149556 149557) Olenellus gilberti, Olenellus multinodus (149560) Olenellus sp. (204006 204012) Olenellus sp., Bristolia bristolensis (149576) Olenellus sp., Wanneria sp. (204029) Paedeumias sp. (204011) Ptychoparioidea indet., Paedeumias nevadensis (204007)
Early/Lower Cambrian541.0 - 513.0Canada (Northwest Territories) Bonnia laterispina (156190) Bonnia sp., Zacanthopsis stribuccus (156194) Bradyfallotaspis sp., Nevadella sp., Pagetides spinulus, Kootenia diutina, Keeleaspis stupenda, Bradyfallotaspis patula, Keeleaspis pustula, Yukonides lacrinus, Holmiella falcuta (156158) Bradyfallotaspis sp., Pagetides spinulus, Kootenia diutina, Bradyfallotaspis fusa, Holmiella preancora, Nevadella faceta, Keeleaspis stupenda (156143) Gelasene sp., Pagetides spinulus, Kootenia diutina, Keeleaspis pustula, Holmiella falcuta (156159) Kootenia diutina, Nevadella bacculenta, Sekwiaspis artifrons, Yukonides lacrinus (156152) Laudonia sp. (156170) Nevadella sp., Pagetides spinulus, Kootenia diutina, Holmiella preancora, Keeleaspis stupenda, Sekwiaspis artifrons, Keeleaspis pustula (156147) Nevadella sp., Paleofossus sp., Pagetides spinulus, Kootenia diutina, Bradyfallotaspis fusa, Holmiella preancora, Nevadella bacculenta, Bradyfallotaspis patula (156145) Olenellus paraculus (156188 156192) Olenellus paraculus, Wanneria longani (156191) Olenellus paraculus, Wanneria sp. (156187) Olenellus paraoculus (156186) Olenellus puertoblancoensis (156195 156196 156199) Olenellus puertoblancoensis, Bonnia sp. (156197) Olenellus puertoblancoensis, Bonnia sp., Olenellus altifrontatus (156198) Olenellus sp. (156172 156180 156189 156193) Olenellus sp., Bonnia columbensis, Piaziella pia, Antagmus arenosus (156200) Olenellus sp., Oryctocephalus sp., Zacanthopsis stribuccus, Syspacephalus vapidus, Piaziella rara (156202) Olenellus sp., Wanneria longani (156179 156181 156184) Olenellus sp., Wanneria longani, Bonnia laterspina (156185) Olenellus sp., Wanneria longani, Bonnia sp. (156182) Pagetides sp., Pagetides spinulus, Kootenia diutina, Nevadella faceta, Keeleaspis stupenda, Sekwiaspis artifrons, Keeleaspis pustula (156156) Pagetides spinulus, Kootenia diutina (156132) Pagetides spinulus, Kootenia diutina, Holmiella preancora, Nevadella faceta, Keeleaspis stupenda, Keeleaspis pustula, Yukonides lacrinus, Holmiella falcuta (156150) Pagetides spinulus, Kootenia diutina, Nevadella faceta, Keeleaspis stupenda, Keeleaspis pustula, Yukonides lacrinus, Nehanniaspis prima (156157) Parafallotaspis grata (156024) Poulsenia sp. (156175 156176) Proliostracus contractus (156171) Proliostracus depressus, Olenellus truemani (156169) Proliostracus latus, Proliostracus annosus (156173) Variopelta laevis (156174) Wanneria longani (156178 156183) Wanneria longani, Olenellus laxocules, Olenellus sequomalus, Wanneria parvifrons (156177) Zacanthopsis stribuccus (156201)
Early/Lower Cambrian541.0 - 513.0Norway (Troms) Ellipsocephalus sp. (190927) Strenuaeva inflata (190925 190926)
Early/Lower Cambrian541.0 - 513.0Spain (Aragon) Onaraspis altus, Protolenus jilocanus, Protolenus pisidianus, Alueva undulata, Hamatolenus ibericus, Kingaspis campbelli (120552) Onaraspis altus, Tonkinella sequei, Protolenus jilocanus, Protolenus pisidianus, Alueva undulata, Hamatolenus ibericus, Kingaspis campbelli (120550)

Youngest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state PBDB collection number
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17China (Guizhou) Acanthophillipsia guiyangensis, Acanthophillipsia abrota, Acanthophillipsia abnormis, Acanthophillipsia granulosa (121538) Pseudophillipsia anshunensis (111995) Pseudophillipsia sp. (112105 112107 197494) Pseudophillipsia subcircularis (112002)
Lopingian259.9 - 252.17China (Jiangxi) Phillipsia obtusicauda (109628) Pseudophillipsia obtusicauda (102105)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Xizang) Pseudophillipsia reggorcakaensis (94952)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17Thailand Pseudophillipsia ozawai (42776 42777 74982 97005)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17New Zealand Phillipsiidae indet. (98149)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Chongqing) Pseudophillipsia chongqingensis (94969 94970 148539) Pseudophillipsia chongqingensis, Pseudophillipsia obtusicauda (98066) Pseudophillipsia obtusicauda (94972 94985 148544 148545) Pseudophillipsia sp. (94967 149142)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Guangxi) Pseudophillipsia obtusicauda (149218)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Guizhou) Acropyge brevica (121296) Acropyge multisegmenta (112011) Pseudophillipsia chongqingensis (117481 117483) Pseudophillipsia obtusicauda (117464) Pseudophillipsia qinglongensis, Pseudophillipsia pyriformis (112010) Pseudophillipsia sp. (112009 112091 112093)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Sichuan) Pseudophillipsia chongqingensis (36221) Pseudophillipsia sp. (95600)
Changhsingian254.17 - 252.17China (Guangdong) Pseudophillipsia obtusicauda (105963)