Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections


Trilobita - Redlichiida - Biceratopsidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1956Bristolia Harrington p. 58
1993Bristolia Palmer and Repina p. 24
1997Bristolia Whittington et al. p. 409
1999Bristolia Lieberman p. 120
2002Bristolia Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Bristolia Jell and Adrain p. 352

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

EubilateriaAx 1987
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
classTrilobitaWalch 1771
orderRedlichiidaRichter 1932

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

H. J. Harrington 1956Olenellinae with well advanced genal spines. Metagenal spines absent in adult. Metagenal angle narrowly obtuse to acute. Glabella with three pairs of lateral glabellar lobes, strongly constricted at the level of the preoccipital furrow. Second (3p) furrow transglabellar, gently curved backward, not reaching the axial furrows. Preoccipital (2p) furrow curved, chevron shaped, disconnected at middle. Frontal glabellar lobe pyriform, expanded in front and encroaching over anterior border of cephalon. Occipital ring broad (sag.) and as wide (tr.) as frontal glabellar lobe. Eye lobes short, submedian (slightly anterior), reaching level of preoccipital furrow. Cephalic border raised, narrowing anteriorly.
A. R. Palmer and L. N. Repina 1993Bristollinae with cephalon subpentagonal to subquadrate in outline. Genal spine originating opposite or anterior to L2. Intergenal spine absent. Preglabellar field absent. Posterior tips of ocular lobes opposite or anterior to Ll. Fifteenth thoracic segment with long axial spine. Opisthothorax of at least 17 segments.
B. S. Lieberman 1999Anterior cephalic border between L4 and genal spine angle relatively short, length (exsag.) less than or equal to length (sag.) of L1; anterior cephalic border developed as elevated, flattened ridge, prominently separated from extraocular area; frontal lobe con- tacts anterior border furrow; anterolateral margins of frontal lobe deflected posteriorly at roughly 10 degree angle relative to transverse line; frontal lobe moderately long (sag.), length equal to length of L0 and L1 medially; glabellar furrows prominently incised; S3 same depth laterally as medially; lateral margins of L2 when proceeding anteriorly bulging laterally relative to L0; lateral margins of glabella between posterior margin of L0 and L1 constrict; distal tips of S0 straight; extraocular region flattened; intergenal ridge visible as faint trace; intergenal spine absent in adult; genal spine length (exsag.) of approximately first eight thoracic segments; thorax divided into pro- and opisthothorax; nodes present on medial part of thoracic axial rings; T3 macropleural, spine length (exsag.) greater than length of thoracopygidium; anterior margin of T3 deflects anteriorly before flexing poste- riorly; anterior margin of pleural furrow on T3 parallels transverse line before flexing pos- teriorly; anterior margin of thoracic pleural furrow separated from body of segment by prominent ridge; thoracic pleural spines, behind T4, developed as short sweeping projec- tions extending two to three thoracic segments back, lying in roughly same dorso-ventral plane as pleural segments; prominent spine on axial ring of T15 (see Harrington 1956 and Lieberman 1998 for additional characters).