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Insecta -

Holometabola is an unranked clade. It is extant.

It was synonymized subjectively with Endopterygota by Beutel and Pohl (2006).

It was assigned to Insecta by Beckemeyer and Hall (2007); and to Neoptera by Misof et al. (2014).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1899Endopterygota Sharp p. 248
1992Endopterygota Carpenter
2007Holometabola Beckemeyer and Hall p. 24
2014Holometabola Misof et al.

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EubilateriaAx 1987
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
superclassHexapodaLatreille 1825
NeopterygotaCrampton 1924
infraclassNeopteraMartynov 1923

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: chitinc
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilep
Created: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Modified: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Source: c = class, p = phylum
References: Kiessling 2004, Bush and Bambach 2015

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Moscovian to the top of the Holocene or 315.20000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 314.6 Ma

Collections (3238 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Westphalian A318.1 - 314.6France Westphalomerope maryvonneae (122506)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0Czech Republic Phryganea kolbi, Phryganea arenacea (125662)
Westphalian C314.6 - 311.45Czech Republic Phryganea solitaria (155300)
Westphalian C - Westphalian D314.6 - 306.95Germany (Lower Saxony) Metabolarva bella (122514)
Westphalian C - Westphalian D314.6 - 306.95France Avioxyela gallica (122504)
Westphalian D311.45 - 306.95USA (Illinois) Srokalarva berthei (122493)
Stephanian B304.8 - 303.4France Blanzelytron vetteri (172760)
Gzhelian303.7 - 298.9France Stephanastus polinae (121979)
Stephanian C303.4 - 301.2Germany (Thuringia) Blattocoleus tillyardi (152999)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5Germany (Rhineland-Palatinate) Coleopsis archaica (156248)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5USA (New Mexico) Mecoptera indet. (124386)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5Czech Republic Pseudomerope gallei (114141) Tshekardocoleidae indet., Protomeropidae indet., Blattelytridae indet., Pseudomerope mareki, Pseudomerope havlati, Pseudomerope oborana, Pseudomeropella nekvasilovae, Stenomerope spinari, Moravochorista carolina, Microptysmella moravica, Moravocoleus fractus, Moravocoleus neglegens, Moravocoleus perditus, Apachelytron transversum, Moravocoleus permianus, Eocoleus scaber, Umoricoleus perplex, Boscoleus blandus, Votocoleus submissus, Prosperocoleus prosperus, Retelytron conopeum, Oborocoleus rohdendorfi, Liberocoleus intactus, Ortelytron europaeum, Ortelytron artum, Crasselytron convexum, Rugelytron fuscum, Venelytron tuberculatum, Planelytron planum, Glabelytron lativenosum (114186)
Asselian - Kungurian298.9 - 272.3Russian Federation Minusinia martynovae (126338)
Sakmarian295.5 - 290.1Germany (Th├╝ringer Wald) Pachypleurites nodosus, Permorhipida furcativenosa (128485)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3France (Languedoc) Lodevosisyra reducta (105044)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3South Africa (Western Cape) Afrocupes firmae (156986)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3USA (Kansas) Parablattelytron rectum (21979) Parablattelytron subincisum (114450) Permoberotha villosa, Platychorista venosa, Protomerope permiana, Permopanorpa inaequalis, Permopanorpa tenuis, Permopanorpa gracilis, Permopanorpa dunbari, Permopanorpa sellardsi, Permopanorpa formosa, Permopanorpa schucherti, Protopanorpa permiana, Protochorista tetraclada, Protochorista pentaclada, Protopanorpa pusilla, Anormochorista oligoclada, Protelytron sp., Protelytron permianum, Acosmelytron sp., Acosmelytron elongatum, Acosmelytron acutum, Acosmelytron delicatum, Parablattelytron sp., Parablattelytron subincisum, Parablattelytron rectum, Protelytron dunbari, Protelytropsis grandis, Permelytron schucherti, Megelytron robustum, Blattelytron permianum, Dictyobiella nervosa, Permoberotha convergens (111219) Permoberotha villosa, Protelytron permianum, Protelytron angustum, Permelytropsis cubitalis, Archelytron superbum, Acosmelytron elongatum, Parablattelytron subincisum, Parablattelytron rectum (111319) Permopanorpa raymondi (151412) Platychorista venosa, Permopanorpa inaequalis, Protopanorpa permiana, Protochorista tetraclada, Agetopanorpa maculata, Elytroneura permiana, Elmothone martynovae (111217) Protelytron permianum, Parablattelytron rectum, Protelytron furcatum, Parablattelytron elongatum (114152) Protelytron permianum, Parablattelytron subincisum, Parablattelytron rectum, Permelytron schucherti, Protelytron furcatum (114151) Protelytron permianum, Protelytron tillyardi, Acosmelytron elongatum, Parablattelytron subincisum, Parablattelytron latum, Parablattelytron rectum, Permoberotha convergens (111320)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3USA (Oklahoma) Permocoleus wellingtonensis (104816) Permocoleus wellingtonensis, Permoberotha villosa (104826) Permopanorpa inaequalis (107405)
Artinskian - Kungurian290.1 - 272.3Russian Federation (Kemerovo) Asiachorista neuburgae, Mesochorista javorskyi (124614)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3Russian Federation (Suksun) Agetochorista intermedia, Uralelytron martynovi, Tshekardocoleus magnus, Kamopanorpa fasciipennis (116652) Agetochorista sp., Agetopanorpa sp., Marimerobius sp., Tshekardocoleidae indet., Tshekardopanorpa biarmica, Agetochorista intermedia, Agetochorista tillyardi, Sylvacoleodes admirandus, Uralelytron martynovi, Sylvacoleus richteri, Uraloageta archaica, Protopanorpoides minutus, Protopanorpoides medius, Phipoides ornatus, Phipoides pusillus, Agetochorista punctata, Agetochorista kungurica, Agetochorista permiana, Petromantis sylvaensis, Kamopanorpa uralensis, Kamopanorpa pallida, Kamopanorpa incerta, Uraloptysma maculata, Kamopanorpa pritykinae, Sylvasenex lacrimabunda, Jurla bisubcostata, Sylvamarita minor, Kunguromaritus lacer, Kunguromaritus guttatus, Uralisyra angusta, Okolpania observabilis, Tshekardithonopsis zalesskyi, Tshekardithonopsis pictus, Tshekardocoleus minor, Sylvacoleus sharovi, Uralelytron insignis, Cavalarva caudata (108206) Agetochorista sp., Marimerobius sp., Agetochorista tillyardi, Sylvopanorpa carpenteri, Permochorista sylvaensis, Agetochorista permiana, Kamopanorpa fasciipennis (116641) Curvilarva tshekardensis (122753) Parachorista uralensis (116642) Parachorista uralensis, Kamopanorpa fasciipennis (113379) Parachorista uralensis, Kamopanorpa fasciipennis, Kunguromaritus lacer (124241)